Interband & Quantum Cascade Lasers - Technologies, Market Trends and Applications (2021)
带间级联雷射光器 (ICL) - 量子级联雷射光器 (QCL) 在中红外区域提供相干和高功率辐射， 红外保护、高分辨率气体光谱、化学传感 > 是必不可少。
由于许多优点，级联雷射光器有望迅速成熟并在大容量应用中建立起来。特别是，由于ICL/QCL具有半导体特性，因此预计该技术将得到极大发展并变得更便宜，就像 LED/VCSEL 的情况一样。
但动态增长没有完全实现。雷射光器仍然很昂贵（每个几千美元），潜在的 "杀手级" 应用还没有出现。级联雷射光器主要用于利基应用。
本报告采访的大部分ICL/QCL厂商认为，限制级联雷射光器大规模市场发展的主要瓶颈是缺乏 "杀手级应用" 。
多方面研究以找到这些行业： ICL/QCL 相关公司的商业和财务信息，雷射光传感市场近期并购概述，级联雷射光雷射光器 当前资助的项目调查欧盟和美国政府在该领域以及最近批准的专利修订已经对级联激光器市场的未来得出了明确的结论。
级联雷射光器在工业和环境应用中非常受欢迎，在这些应用中，可以对主要过程控制气体（如 CO、CO2、CH4、H2O、SOx、NOx 和污染物）进行高速在线和在线监测。此外，它已成为防务关系中最新对策系统不可或缺的一部分。但是，目前的情况是，其他分析器的引入并没有太大进展。
主要原因与成本和尺寸有关。截至2020年，平均容量约为75,000cm3，重量约为30-40kg。因此，CL 设备的小型化是 CL 系统广泛采用的一个基本要素。
本报告将 ICL/QCL 技术与主要竞争对手进行比较，以便为被调查公司绘制适当的市场情况。
AdTech Optics, Alpes Lasers, Block Engineering, Daylight Solutions, Pendar Technologies, Hamamatsu Photonics, mirSense, Nanoplus GmbH, Pranalytica, IRGlare LLC, QuantaSpec, Thorlabs, Sumitomo Electric, Quantiox GmbH, Forward Photonics LLC, LD-PD INC, Intraband LLC、Sacher Lasertechnik、LongWave Photonics、Lytid、Akela Laser Corporation、VIGO System、Roithner Lasertechnik、U-Oplaz Technologies、Stratium Limited、IQE、Compound Semiconductor Technologies Global
RedShiftBio, Gasera, Bruker, Thermo Fisher, Emerson, Airoptic, Neoplas control, Northrop Grumman, LSE Monitors, Aerodyne Research, Physical Sciences Inc, Picarro, Quantared Technologies, Toshiba, Horiba, IRsweep, Eralytics, AP2E, AVL Emission Test Systems GmbH、LaserMaxDefence、Neo Monitors、Kittiwake Procal、Wavelengths Electronics、Diehl Defense、Los Gatos、Cemtek KVB-Enertec、Boreal Laser、Emsys Maritime Ltd、DiaMonTech AG、KNESTEL GmbH、Healthy Photon、MIRO Analytical Technologies AG、Leonardo DRS 等.
Enthusiastic forecasts for the broad adoption of Interband and Quantum Cascade Lasers have not fully materialized in the recent years. The following market study investigates the current maturity of Cascade Lasers and evaluate their capabilities for further growth in a competitive market environment.
Interband and Quantum Cascade Lasers (ICLs and QCLs) offer coherent and high power radiation in the mid-infrared range, which is crucial for infrared countermeasures, high-resolution gas spectroscopy and chemical sensing.
Due to many advantages, Cascade Lasers were expected to mature quickly and to settle in large volume applications. Especially the semiconductor nature of ICLs and QCLs gave hope to make this technology largely scalable and cheap, as it happened with LEDs and VCSELs in the past.
Dynamic growth have not fully materialized in the last years. The price of lasers still remains high (around few thousand dollars per piece), and the potentially "killer" applications have not come yet. Cascade Lasers can be mainly found in niche applications.
The reason for that lies both in the technical bottlenecks, but also in the market which has not been ready to implement CL technology. The customers were very conservative and there were many other competitive techniques to choose from. Now the perspectives for adoption are brighter.
All bottlenecks preventing the wider use of Cascade Laser technologies are deeply discussed in this Report. The study provides market forecasts from 2020 to 2026 and also describes all main players to answer the question if the market disruption can finally occur.
Most of the ICL and QCL manufacturers interviewed for the purpose of this Report claim that the main bottleneck limiting a large Cascade Lasers market opening is lack of "killer application". In their shared opinion the technological constraints are not as meaningful as the lack of big player that could incorporate Cascade Lasers in high volume sensors.
So far, ICLs and QCLs have been used in the following cases:
However, it has been reported that the ICLs and QCLs stand out from other photonic sources by their unique competitive advantages:
This report not only details why these features have not translated into large market success but also analyzes all promising applications that could finally make Cascade Laser technology widely used in the next years.
Many aspects have been studied to find these sectors: business and financial information of ICL- and QCL-related companies, overview of recent mergers and acquisitions on the laser and sensing market, examination of currently funded projects by the EU and US government in the field of Cascade Lasers and lasers, and revision of recently acknowledged patents. This allowed to draw a clear conclusions for the future of Cascade Lasers market.
Cascade Lasers has been very well adopted in Industrial and Environment applications where they can offer fast in-line and on-line monitoring of main process control and pollution gases: CO, CO2, CH4, H2O, SOx, NOx etc. They are also vital in Defense use serving for modern countermeasure systems. However, the adoption in other analyzers is not as wide.
The report shows that the main issue behind that was related to cost and size. Footprint and weight of CL instruments has not been really reduced in the past years. In 2020 the average volume was still about 75 000 cm3 and the weight around 30-40 kg. That is why miniaturization of CL instruments is likely to be an inherent part of the broader adoption of CL systems.
Until Cascade Lasers were developed, the mainstream mid-IR solution for spectroscopic applications was either FT-IR, which utilizes an interferometer plus white light derived from ceramics/ tungsten, or dispersive infrared spectroscopy, in which a diffraction grating is used. Recently, an IR-based photoacoustic detection is getting more and more was popularity.
However, there are also other non-photonic analyzers that grow and pose new thread for CL-based solutions. These are: NIR TDLAS, NIR CRDS, NDIR, Raman, ChemFET, MOS, chromatography, mass spectroscopy, PID/FID, Paramagnetic Detectors (PMD), Chemiluminescence, Pellistor, and Electrochemical sensing. There are also methods using 2D imaging instead of single point detection, the most common being hyperspectral imaging.
This Report compares ICL and QCL technologies with main competition in order to draw a proper market landscape for all recipients of the study.
AdTech Optics, Alpes Lasers, Block Engineering, Daylight Solutions, Pendar Technologies, Hamamatsu Photonics, mirSense, Nanoplus GmbH, Pranalytica, IRGlare LLC, QuantaSpec, Thorlabs, Sumitomo Electric, Quantiox GmbH, Forward Photonics LLC, LD-PD INC, Intraband LLC, Sacher Lasertechnik, LongWave Photonics, Lytid, Akela Laser Corporation, VIGO System, Roithner Lasertechnik, U-Oplaz Technologies, Stratium Limited, IQE, Compound Semiconductor Technologies Global.
RedShiftBio, Gasera, Bruker, Thermo Fisher, Emerson, Airoptic, Neoplas control, Northrop Grumman, LSE Monitors, Aerodyne Research, Physical Sciences Inc, Picarro, Quantared Technologies, Toshiba, Horiba, IRsweep, Eralytics, AP2E, AVL Emission Test Systems GmbH, LaserMaxDefence, Neo Monitors, Kittiwake Procal, Wavelengths Electronics, Diehl Defence, Los Gatos, Cemtek KVB-Enertec, Boreal Laser, Emsys Maritime Ltd, DiaMonTech AG, KNESTEL GmbH, Healthy Photon, MIRO Analytical Technologies AG, Leonardo DRS and many more.