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市场调查报告书

OEM网路安全设计的调查:2020年

OEM Cyber Security Layout Report, 2020

出版商 ResearchInChina 商品编码 980085
出版日期 内容资讯 英文 130 Pages
商品交期: 最快1-2个工作天内
价格
OEM网路安全设计的调查:2020年 OEM Cyber Security Layout Report, 2020
出版日期: 2020年12月25日内容资讯: 英文 130 Pages
简介

伺服器和数位鑰匙是对攻击脆弱的端口,OEM强化网路安全的措施。现在,汽车的网路安全事件,主要从对伺服器,数位鑰匙,行动APP,OBD端口的攻击发生。

统计上,中国的新车的车载资通系统功能的引进率从2020年1月到10月超越50%,预计2025年上升到75%左右。

OEM,在网路安全中构筑比以往更广泛的合作关系。除了提高安全性外,OEM还积极寻求在车辆,通信,平台,数据和应用程序上的外部协作。

本报告提供全球OEM的网路安全设计的相关调查,IoV网路安全概要,IoV网路安全技术的应用,中国及全球汽车网路安全标准开发趋势,汽车网路安全产业现况,OEM各公司的网路安全设计等相关分析。

目录

第1章 IoV网路安全概要

  • 概要
    • 定义
    • IoV网路安全保护
  • IoV网路安全技术的应用
    • T-BOX
    • IVI
    • 数位鑰匙系统
    • 车辆云端网路通讯安全PKI
    • 汽车系统FOTA
  • 在国内外的汽车网路安全标准的开发
    • 中国和全球汽车网路安全标准开发概要
    • IoV网路安全相关主要国际政策和法规
    • IoV网路安全相关欧洲的主要的政策和法规
    • IoV网路安全相关美国和日本的主要政策和法规
    • 中国的IoV网路安全标准系统结构
    • 中国的IoV网路安全标准建立
  • 中国的汽车网路安全现况与趋势
    • 对网路安全的CASE的影响
    • IoV网路安全现况相关产业相关人员的知识
    • 车辆的E/E架构对网路安全的影响
    • 汽车网路安全技术开发策略:云端
    • 汽车网路安全技术开发策略:通讯
    • 汽车网路安全技术开发策略:车辆

第2章 汽车网路安全产业现况

  • OEM网路安全事件分析
    • OEM网路安全事件分析
    • OEM网路安全事件分析:事件概要
    • OEM网路安全事件(应用)分析(I)
    • OEM网路安全事件(应用)分析(II)
    • OEM网路安全事件(平台)分析(III)
    • OEM网路安全事件(平台)分析(IV)
    • OEM网路安全事件(车辆)分析(V)
    • OEM网路安全事件(车辆)分析(VI)
    • OEM网路安全事件(通讯)分析(VII)
    • OEM网路安全事件(通讯)分析(VIII)
  • OEM网路安全设计比较
    • 欧洲、美国的OEM
    • 日本、韩国的OEM
    • 中国的OEM
  • OEM的网路安全合作
    • 欧洲、美国的OEM
    • 日本、韩国的OEM
    • 中国的OEM
    • 中国的汽车网路安全产业地图

第3章 欧洲、美国的OEM网路安全设计

  • Mercedes-Benz
    • 网路安全设计
    • 网路安全技术途径
    • 网路安全合作伙伴
  • BMW
  • Audi
  • VW
  • Volvo
  • Ford
  • GM

第4章 日本、韩国的OEM网路安全设计

  • Toyota
    • 网路安全设计
    • 网路安全技术途径
    • 网路安全合作伙伴
  • Honda
  • Nissan
  • Hyundai

第5章 中国OEM的网路安全设计

  • Xpeng Motors
    • 网路安全设计
    • 网路安全技术途径
    • 网路安全合作伙伴
  • NIO
  • Lixiang
  • WM Motor
  • Dongfeng Motor
  • SAIC
  • BAIC
  • GAC
目录

Research into automotive cyber security: server and digital key are the ports vulnerable to attacks, for which OEMs have stepped up efforts in cyber security.

With advances in the CASE (Connected, Autonomous, Shared, and Electrified) trend, cars are going smarter ever with functional enrichment. Statistically, the installation rate of telematics feature to new cars in China is over 50% from January to October of 2020, a figure projected to rise to 75% or so in 2025. In terms of functionality, intelligent cockpit and advanced automated driving become trending, and the features such as multi-modal interaction, multi-display interaction, 5G connectivity, V2X, OTA and digital key finds ever broader application alongside the soaring number of vehicle control codes and more port vulnerabilities to safety threat.

Currently, the automotive cyber security events arise mainly from attacks on server, digital key, mobile APP, OBD port among others.

Server acts as the most important port for cyber security, which is exposed to the attack by hackers on operating system, database, TSP server, OTA server and the like, thus issuing in data tampering, damage and vehicle safety accidents. Most tools of assault on servers are remotely accessible with lower costs, while the data storage over servers is of paramount importance, all of which lead to often a rather high share of attacks on servers.

Digital key, as the second port that matters most to cyber security, is a common media subject to vehicle intrusion and theft. In 2020, there will be 300,000 Bluetooth digital key installs in China, coupled with an installation rate at about 4%, with such more functionalities besides lock/unlock & start as account log-in, key sharing, vehicle trajectory record, and parcel delivery to cars, which has ever more implications on vehicle safety.

Different auto brands are subject to varied attack on vehicle security.

The smarter a car is, the more vulnerable to security attacks will be. Amid the intelligence trend, all OEMs, whatever Mercedes-Benz, BMW, Audi, VW, Toyota, Honda or Hyundai, have varied exposure to security attacks.

In March 2020, key encryption approaches of OEMs like Toyota, Hyundai and KIA were reported to have limitations with a possibility of intrusions and thefts largely due to the vulnerabilities of TI's DST80 encryption system employed by them. A hacker just stands near the car that packs DST80 remote control key, using the inexpensive Proxmark RFID reader/transmitter for the 'identity theft' of the key and thus getting the encrypted information.

OEM quicken their presence in cyber security

To address serious challenges in automotive cyber security, the OEMs are sparing no efforts in security improvement in many aspects:

  • 1) information management inside the company and optimization of R&D process;
  • 2) to build a team intended for cyber security;
  • 3) cyber security protection of telematics.

European and American OEMs: Diversified deployments of cyber security protection

The automakers from Europe and America are pushing ahead with cyber security construction roundly with technical superiorities, with a tightened control on information security management inside the company apart from improvements in cyber security protection of telematics. As concerns team construction, the majority of European and American OEMs as usual set up either an independent cyber security division or a subsidiary to ensure information security during a vehicle lifespan.

Mercedes-Benz, for instance, has such actions for cyber security in the three below:

  • Cloud computing: vehicle data protection enabled by a cloud platform through which the car owner takes control of data openness to the outside while driving, and at the same time relevant information will be eliminated automatically after the car owner leaves his/her car;
  • Factory: partnership with telecom carriers and equipment vendors to set up intelligent vehicle manufacturing factories with production data safety enabled by 5G mobile network;
  • Vulnerability protection: joins forces with third-party cybersecurity providers to test and repair the potential vulnerabilities of intelligent connected vehicle.
  • Japanese and Korean OEMs: with a more focus on cyber security protection and management inside the company
  • Nissan Motor, for example, proceeds with intro-company management on information security and perfects the regulations concerned. Over the recent years, Nissan has been improving its R&D management system and cyber security platform, with its Tel Aviv-based joint innovation laboratory and collaborations with Israeli start-ups on cyber security testing and study. As yet, Nissan has more than ten cooperative joint prototype projects.
  • Chinese OEMs: the emerging forces go ahead of the rest.
    • The emerging carmakers are commendable in cyber security protection. Cases include XPENG Motors that boast concurrent deployments over cloud, vehicle and mobile phone by building a security team on its own and the partnerships with Aliyun, Irdeto, and Keen Security Lab of Tencent in order for a proactive protection system; and NIO that has built a X-Dragon multi-dimensional protection system through a self-owned security team and multi-party cooperation.

Also, the time-honored Chinese automakers follow suit, such as Dongfeng Motor, SAIC, GAC and BAIC that all prioritize the security stewardship during their life cycle. As concerns its overall deployment, SAIC, for example, incorporates its subordinates into the group's cyber security protection and management system and applies the data encryption software (GS-EDS system) with one accord for data safety as a whole; secondly, SAIC builds a cloud platform independently and a proprietary cloud computing center delivering cloud-based security services; last, SAIC founded SAIC Lingshu Software Co., Ltd in charge of developing basic technology platform and sharpening software R&D competence.

OEMs have ever broader cooperation in cyber security.

In addition to security enhancement, OEMs are vigorously seeking for external collaborations on vehicle, communication, platform, data, and application, to name a few.

Table of Contents

1. Overview of IoV Cyber Security

  • 1.1 Overview
    • 1.1.1 Definition
    • 1.1.2 IoV Cyber Security Protection
  • 1.2 IoV Cyber Security Technology Application
    • 1.2.1 T-BOX Safety Technology Application
    • 1.2.2 IVI Safety Technology Application
    • 1.2.3 Safety Technology Application of Digital Key System
    • 1.2.4 PKI Technology Application for Car Cloud Network Communication Security
    • 1.2.5 FOTA Safety Technology Application for Onboard System
  • 1.3 Automotive Cyber Security Standard Development at Home and Abroad
    • 1.3.1 Overview of Automotive Cyber Security Standard Development in China and the World
    • 1.3.2 Major International Policies and Regulations on IoV Cyber Security
    • 1.3.3 Major European Policies and Regulations on IoV Cyber Security
    • 1.3.4 Major American and Japanese Policies and Regulations on IoV Cyber Security
    • 1.3.5 Chinese IoV Cyber Security Standard System Architecture
    • 1.3.6 Chinese IoV Cyber Security Standard Construction
  • 1.4 Status Quo and Trend of Chinese Automotive Cyber Security
    • 1.4.1 Impact of CASE on Cyber Security
    • 1.4.2 Knowledge of Industry Insiders on Status Quo of IoV Cyber Security
    • 1.4.3 Impact of Vehicle E/E Architecture on Cyber Security
    • 1.4.4 Automotive Cyber Security Technology Development Strategy: Cloud
    • 1.4.5 Automotive Cyber Security Technology Development Strategy: Communication
    • 1.4.6 Automotive Cyber Security Technology Development Strategy: Vehicle

2. Status Quo of Automotive Cyber Security Industry

  • 2.1 Analysis of OEM Cyber Security Events
    • 2.1.1 Analysis of OEM Cyber Security Events
    • 2.1.2 Analysis of OEM Cyber Security Events: Event Summary
    • 2.1.3 Analysis (I) of OEM Cyber Security Event (Application)
    • 2.1.4 Analysis (II) of OEM Cyber Security Event (Application)
    • 2.1.5 Analysis (III) of OEM Cyber Security Event (Platform)
    • 2.1.6 Analysis (IV) of OEM Cyber Security Event (Platform)
    • 2.1.7 Analysis (V) of OEM Cyber Security Event (Vehicle)
    • 2.1.8 Analysis (VI) of OEM Cyber Security Event (Vehicle)
    • 2.1.9 Analysis (VII) of OEM Cyber Security Event (Communication)
    • 2.1.10 Analysis (VIII) of OEM Cyber Security Event (Communication)
  • 2.2 Comparison of OEM Cyber Security Layouts
    • 2.2.1 European and American OEMs
    • 2.2.2 Japanese and Korea OEMs
    • 2.2.3 Chinese OEMs
  • 2.3 Cyber Security Collaborations of OEMs
    • 2.3.1 European and American OEMs
    • 2.3.2 Japanese and Korea OEMs
    • 2.3.3 Chinese OEMs
    • 2.3.4 Chinese Automotive Cyber Security Industry Map

3. Cyber Security Layouts of European and American OEMs

  • 3.1 Mercedes-Benz
    • 3.1.1 Cyber Security Layout
    • 3.1.2 Cyber Security Technology Route
    • 3.1.3 Cyber Security Partners
  • 3.2 BMW
    • 3.2.1 Cyber Security Layout
    • 3.2.2 Cyber Security R&D System Construction
    • 3.2.3 Cyber Security Partners
  • 3.3 Audi
    • 3.3.1 Cyber Security Layout
    • 3.3.2 Cyber Security R&D System Construction
    • 3.3.3 Cyber Security Partners
  • 3.4 VW
    • 3.4.1 Cyber Security Layout
    • 3.4.2 Cyber Security R&D System Construction
    • 3.4.3 Cyber Security Partners
  • 3.5 Volvo
    • 3.5.1 Cyber Security Layout
    • 3.5.2 Cyber Security R&D System Construction
    • 3.5.3 Cyber Security Partners
  • 3.6 Ford
    • 3.6.1 Cyber Security Layout
    • 3.6.2 Cyber Security R&D System Construction
    • 3.6.3 Cyber Security Partners
  • 3.7GM
    • 3.7.1 Cyber Security Layout
    • 3.7.2 Cyber Security R&D System Construction
    • 3.7.3 Cyber Security Partners

4. Cyber Security Layout of Japanese and Korean OEMs

  • 4.1 Toyota
    • 4.1.1 Cyber Security Layout
    • 4.1.2 Cyber Security Technology Route
    • 4.1.3 Cyber Security Partners
  • 4.2 Honda
    • 4.2.1 Cyber Security Layout
    • 4.2.2 Cyber Security R&D System Construction
    • 4.2.3 Cyber Security Partners
  • Software
  • 4.3 Nissan
    • 4.3.1 Cyber Security Layout
    • 4.3.2 Cyber Security R&D System Construction
    • 4.3.3 Cyber Security Partners
  • 4.4 Hyundai
    • 4.4.1 Cyber Security Layout
    • 4.4.2 Cyber Security Technical Route
    • 4.4.3 Cyber Security Partners

5. Cyber Security Layout of Chinese OEMs

  • 5.1 Xpeng Motors
    • 5.1.1 Cyber Security Layout
    • 5.1.2 Cyber Security Technology Route
    • 5.1.3 Cyber Security Partners
  • 5.2 NIO
    • 5.2.1 Cyber Security Layout
    • 5.2.2 Cyber Security Technology Route
    • 5.2.3 Cyber Security Partners
  • 5.3 Lixiang
    • 5.3.1 Cyber Security Layout
    • 5.3.2 Cyber Security Technology Route
    • 5.3.3 Cyber Security Partners
  • 5.4 WM Motor
    • 5.4.1 Cyber Security Layout
    • 5.4.2 Cyber Security Technology Route
    • 5.4.3 Cyber Security Partners
  • 5.5 Dongfeng Motor
    • 5.5.1 Cyber Security Layout
    • 5.5.2 Cyber Security Technology Route
    • 5.5.3 Cyber Security Partners
  • 5.6 SAIC
    • 5.6.1 Cyber Security Layout
    • 5.6.2 Cyber Security Technology Route
    • 5.6.3 Cyber Security Partners
  • 5.7 BAIC
    • 5.7.1 Cyber Security Layout
    • 5.7.2 Cyber Security Technology Route
    • 5.7.3 Cyber Security Partners
  • 5.8 GAC
    • 5.8.1 Cyber Security Layout
    • 5.8.2 Cyber Security Technology Route
    • 5.8.3 Cyber Security Partners