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市场调查报告书

中国电动汽车充电站及充电桩市场(2021年)

China EV Charging Station and Charging Pile Market Report, 2021

出版商 ResearchInChina 商品编码 1015690
出版日期 内容资讯 英文 340 Pages
商品交期: 最快1-2个工作天内
价格
中国电动汽车充电站及充电桩市场(2021年) China EV Charging Station and Charging Pile Market Report, 2021
出版日期: 2021年06月24日内容资讯: 英文 340 Pages
简介

到 2020 年底,全球有超过 1100 万辆电动汽车在运行。尽管由于 COVID-19 的影响,全球汽车行业不景气,但与 2000 年相比,全球注册的电动汽车数量增加了 41%。根据 IEA(国际能源署)的数据,到 2025 年,全球电动汽车销量预计将从 15 辆增长到 2000 万辆。

在此背景下,各国政府都在急于规划和建设充电桩。据IEA统计,2020年全球电动汽车充电基础设施数量将达到950万个,其中250万个是公共的。而且,保守地说,全球电动汽车充电基础设施预计将增长到 5000 万左右,其中近 1000 万是公共充电站。

本报告调查了中国电动汽车充电站和充电桩市场,提供行业概况、世界和中国发展情况、主要公司概况等信息。

目录

第 1 章充电站/桩业概述

  • 电动汽车充电基础设施
    • 定义与分类
    • 充电模式
    • 充电技术分类
    • 充电站配置
    • 充电站成本结构
    • 公共充电站配置
    • 充电桩产业链
    • 充电桩产业链上游——停产
    • 充电桩产业链中端——运营端(建设方和运营方)
  • 充电口和充电枪
    • 充电口定义
    • 充电口分类
    • 充电枪的分类

第 2 章中国基础设施行业收费政策

  • 电动车
    • 购置税减免
    • 购买的财政补贴(一)
    • 购买的财政补贴(二)
    • 购买的财政补贴(三)
    • 财政补贴使用
    • 促销政策
  • 电动汽车充电站
    • 充电设施补贴(国家级)
    • 关于新能源汽车充电基础设施激励政策加强新能源汽车推广应用的通知
    • 充电设备产业规划(国家级)(一)
    • 充电设备产业规划(国家级)(二)
    • 节能/新能源汽车技术路线图2.0提出实现智能化与数位化相结合的充电设备智能制造
    • 节能与新能源汽车技术路线图2.0-整个充电基础设施的路线图
    • 交通强国计划
    • 中国充电设施补贴/计划-(按城市)
  • 其他政策
    • 电动汽车充电的基本电费
    • 电动汽车充电服务费
    • 推进V2G协同创新示范

第 3 章世界和中国的电动汽车发展

  • 全球电动汽车市场
    • 拥有
    • 主要国家和地区的所有权
    • 主要国家和地区销售增长对比
    • 主要国家/地区的电气化目标
    • 主要国家和地区的轻型车政策及激励措施
    • EV与动力电池预测
    • 主要国家/地区的销售预测
    • 乘用车销售
    • 乘用车销量(按车型)
    • 欧洲乘用车销量
    • 美国乘用车销量
  • 中国电动汽车市场
    • 总销量
    • 按燃料类型划分的总销量
    • 新能源乘用车销量
    • 乘用车销量等级
    • 乘用车销售品牌
    • 乘用车销售车型
    • 商用车产量
    • 巴士销售
    • 特种车辆销量
  • 中国电动汽车充电解决方案
    • BEV 充电解决方案
    • PHEV充电解决方案

第 4 章电动汽车充电设施的海外发展

  • 政策和功能
    • 发展规划和特点
    • 财政补贴
    • 拜登政府的主要政策
  • 当前状态和趋势
    • 充电设备开发
    • 公共充电桩的所有权
    • 主要国家公共充电桩的拥有情况
    • 主要国家的车桩比
  • 充电口标准
    • 主要标准
    • 主要标准机构
    • 主要地区充电口特点
    • 交流充电端口
    • 直流充电端口
    • 组合充电口
    • 主要车型充电接口标准
  • 典型企业-Tesla
    • 个人资料
    • 操作
    • 研发生产能力
    • 电动汽车销售
    • 电动汽车销量预测
    • 供应商
    • 中国电池及电池材料供应商
    • 充电桩供应商在中国
    • 中国非核心零部件供应商
    • Tesla充电站全球分布
    • Tesla充电站在中国的分布
    • 超级充电桩
    • 家用充电桩
  • 典型组织-CHAdeMO Association
    • 个人资料
    • 宪法
    • 技术架构
    • 充电接口
    • 主要充电桩产品
    • 主要车型
    • V2X
    • V2X 演示项目
    • 充电站建设方案
  • 无线充电
    • 原理
    • 标准
    • 开发
    • 最新进展
    • 技术路线
    • 现状(一)
    • 维持现状(二)
    • 维持现状(三)
    • 解决方案:Qualcomm Halo
    • 技术参数
    • 主要无线炭化技术
  • G2V/V2G/V2H
    • 技术原理
    • V2X充放电技术
    • V2G 技术
    • V2G技术框架
    • 车网调整导致充电失败的能量损失和峰值负荷变化
    • V2G大规模商用
  • BaaS + 电池交换网络模式
    • BaaS + 换电网络开发环境
    • 电池更换模式促销
    • 电池更换业务模式
    • 电池更换技术与直流快充技术对比
    • 换电模式与中国充电模式并存,驾驶车辆的应用场景
  • 靈活的充电栈
    • 技术
    • 优势
  • 全球充电技术现状及趋势
  • 中国充电技术现状及趋势

第 5 章中国充电站/桩的发展

  • 新能源汽车保有量占汽车/桩的比例
    • 中国拥有汽车/桩的比例
    • 中国新能源汽车保有量和充电驱动需求
  • 公共充电桩运营
    • 开发课程
    • 分布
  • 充电设施的分布和规划(按州)
    • 东北/华北/华东
    • 中南地区
    • 中国西南/西北
  • 公路充电站
    • 配置标准
    • 充电模式
    • 计费费用
    • 发展规划
    • 国网标号
    • 国家电网招标功率及中标人
  • 中国充电设施竞争格局
    • 充电服务市场竞争显著增加的潜力
    • 主要充电器竞争格局
  • 中国充电设施盈利模式
    • 运营价值链
    • 商业模式(一)
    • 商业模式(二)
    • 实现大公司盈亏平衡点,开始精细化运营
    • 创新商业模式的出现
    • 互联网+充电桩
    • 单一赌注平衡表的收支平衡点
  • 中国充电设备发展趋势
    • 主要问题
    • 建议
    • 充电网络,电动汽车充电技术的一个有吸引力的趋势

第 6 章中国主要充电器

  • TELD
    • 个人资料
    • 发展筹资
    • 充电网络解决方案(一)
    • 充电网络解决方案(二)
    • 充电网络解决方案(三)
    • 充电装置
    • 智能靈活的充电弓
    • 新型大功率充电装置 (1)
    • 新型大功率充电装置 (2)
    • 基于大数据的电动汽车充电系统安全评价
    • 2020年充电项目
    • 充电设备使用情况和充电容量
    • 充电业务运营模式
    • 收费业务范围
    • 充电业务合作伙伴
  • Star Charge
    • 个人资料
    • 发展历程和资金
    • 充电业务运营
    • 充电解决方案
    • 直流一体式充电器
    • 直流分体式充电器
    • 交流产品线
    • 海外充电设施产品线
    • 控制件产品线
    • 应用案例
    • 充电业务合作伙伴
  • State Grid
    • 充电设施建设方案
    • 充电设施建设
    • 高速公路收费网
    • 充电设施运营
    • 充电设施投标
  • Ykccn.com
    • 个人资料
    • 充电设施运营
    • 充电设施分布
  • EV Power
    • 个人资料
    • 充电装置
    • 交流充电装置
    • 直流充电装置
    • 增值服务
    • CloudEdge 社区充电一体化充电桩运营解决方案(EMQ+EV Power)
    • 充电设施分布
    • 充电设施运营
    • 充电业务合作
  • SAIC Anyo Charging
    • 个人资料
    • 充电装置
    • 运营平台
    • 充电设备应用
    • 充电业务合作
  • Shenzhen CLOU Electronics
    • 个人资料
    • 收入和毛利
    • 主营业务
    • 充电平台
    • 充电方案(一)
    • 充电方案(二)
    • 充电设施运营
    • 充电装置
    • 交流充电装置 (1)
    • 交流充电装置 (2)
    • 直流充电装置 (1)
    • 直流充电装置 (2)
    • 充电设施分布
    • 充电业务合作
  • Potevio New Energy
    • 个人资料
    • 收费业务范围
    • 充电运营服务
    • 充电服务操作示例(一)
    • 充电智能云管理平台
    • 充电商业模式
    • 充电设施的运营和分布
    • 充电业务合作
  • ICHARGE
    • 个人资料
    • 交流充电装置
    • 直流充电装置
    • 直流充电器参数
    • 云平台收费
    • 充电业务运营示例
    • 充电设施运营
    • 充电业务合作
  • Winsky New Energy
    • 个人资料
    • 充电解决方案
    • 充电设施运营
    • 充电设备操作示例
    • 充电业务合作
  • Huashang Sanyou
    • 个人资料
    • 充电装置
    • 充电业务运营
  • 中国12家主要充电公司的商业模式和充电标准

第 7 章主要汽车厂商充电设施布局

  • Wuling
  • NIO
  • Xpeng
  • Tesla
  • Changan Automobile
  • BYD
  • BAIC BJEV
  • Geely
  • SAIC
  • Volkswagen
  • 其他 OEM
  • 充电桩建设主要OEM
目录

Charging Infrastructure Research: Three Modes for Self-Building and Operation of OEM's Charging Piles

Global charging pile ownership surged, while high-power fast charging network leads the growth

As of the end of 2020, there are over 11 million units of EVs on the road worldwide. Although global automotive industry suffered downturn under the impact of the COVID-19, global EV registration grew by 41% in 2000. According to IEA (International Energy Agency) data, global EV sales volume is expected to be 15 million units to 20 million units by 2025.

Under this background, government of each county fastens planning and construction of charging piles. Based on IEA's statistics, number of EV charging infrastructures worldwide in 2020 amounted to 9.5 million units, including 2.5 million units public ones. Conservatively forecast, global EV charging infrastructures will increase to around 50 million units, including nearly 10 million units of public one.

Currently, China's charging pile ownership ranks first in the world. As of the end of 2020, China's new energy vehicle ownership reached 4.92 million units, and number of charging piles amounted to 1.68 million units. Among them, number of private and commercial charging piles (including public and special) hit 874,700 units and 806,000 units, respectively, while car-to-pile ratio was 0.34 to 1.

It is estimated that China's new energy vehicle ownership will amount to 17.82 million units by 2025 and number of charging piles will approximate 9.39 million units. Among them, number of private and commercial charging piles (including public and special) will hit 6.18 million units and 3.21 million units, while car-to-pile ratio will be 0.53 to 1.

At present, China's highway fast charging network has basically taken shape, ranking first in the world. By 2020, a total of 2,251 charging stations and 9,065 charging piles have been built on 42 highways, with a service mileage of 54,000 kilometers, accounting for 35% of the total mileage of highways nationwide. According to the summary of bidding information for highway charging equipment of the State Grid over the years, highway charging piles are mainly 80 KW to 160 KW, and 240/480 KW super-power super-charging piles have been laid.

Medium and high-end intelligent EV brands vigorously layout charging network construction

Added value of intelligent EV brands has increased significantly, bringing about consumption upgrading in the automobile industry. Apart from intelligence and quality of the vehicles, charging quality improvement is also important. An article (Can the Battery Swap Mode that NIO and BAIC BJEV Both Bet on Overturn the industrial ecology?) released by ResearchInChina in August 2018 clearly pointed out that NIO builds a closed business scenario via battery swap mode to greatly enhance its brand value and service level, which is a very clever business strategy.

Many OEMs have also realized the importance of closed (or semi-closed) charging network. Medium and high-end start-up brands such as Tesla, NIO, Xpeng, Lixiang and other, as well as high-end EV brands of traditional OEMs, such as Geely ZEEKR, GAC Aion, BAIC ARCFOX, SAIC R, VW ID, etc., have begun or planned to layout in super charging station sector.

According to our analysis, OEMs currently mainly adopts three charging network construction and operation modes:

Mode 1: Fully self-built and self-operated "closed supercharging" system

This mode demands high costs and very high market ownership to maintain operation, represented by Tesla. In China, Tesla has laid a large number of charging piles. Although it has successively switched to the national standard interface, in fact Tesla's charging network is rarely open to the public, being a very closed charging network. Tesla has always claimed that it will allow to open super-charging piles to its peers, but we believe that the possibility of opening up in the short term is very small.

Tesla has built over 800 super charging stations and 6,300 super charging piles in China, supporting more than 710 destination charging stations, with charging network covering more than 290 cities. In 2021, its super charging pile factory in Shanghai was put into operation, with an initial planned annual production capacity of 10,000 units, mainly V3 super charging piles.

With extensive laying of Tesla's closed charging network, Tesla has actually formed a strong consumer barrier in China. Even if it faces many doubts in the short term, it will still occupy an important position in China in the long run. Its closed charging network has become one of the key factors for enterprises to achieve successful operation.

Mode 2: Fully self-built and self-operated "closed battery swap + open supercharging" system

Apart from supercharging station, battery swap station is also the main way for the charging layout of OEMs. NIO regards battery swap business as one of its core business models. It introduced car-electricity separation mode and led the establishment of Wuhan Weineng Battery Asset Co., Ltd. to be responsible for the management and operation of batteries.

In April 2021, NIO worked with State Grid to deploy the 2nd Gen of battery swap stations nationwide. Its brand-new battery swap technology supports the function of in-car one-button battery swap, eliminating the need of getting off the bus. Up to 312 battery swap services are provided every day, effectively improving battery swap efficiency.

As of June 2021, NIO has laid out 249 battery swap stations and 177 super-charging stations nationwide, including 1,408 super-charging piles. NIO partnered with State Grid to release the 2nd Gen battery swap station, planning to layout 500 units of battery swap stations nationwide. With the gradual improvement of NIO's car charging and battery swap network, we predict that NIO may properly lower the brand pricing to occupy the market of RMB 250,000 to RMB 350,000 range.

Mode 3: Cooperative "Open supercharge" system + partial self-built and self-operated "closed supercharge" system

Differed from the relatively closed charging network construction and operation modes of NIO and Tesla, Xpeng mainly cooperates with third-party operators such as TELD to build free supercharging network, greatly reducing network laying and operation costs.

In addition, Xpeng has also started the construction of its own-brand exclusive charging stations similar to those of Tesla and NIO so as to further upgrade charging brand service. By the end of 2021, Xpeng will plan to build over 500 units of branded super-charging stations. We expect that Xpeng will raise the price of its pure electric SUV to be released, and the closed charging network will be the key breakthrough point for enhancing its brand value.

So far, Xpeng's overall charging network layout has reached 164 cities, 1140 units of free charging stations and 19,019 free charging piles (some of which are self-built by Xpeng), expected to cover over 200 major cities nationwide by the end of 2021. Xpeng sales have surged since the release of its Lifetime Free Charging Plan (3,000 KWh per year) in Sept.2020.

In addition, VW (China), FAW, JAC and Wanbang New Energy jointly established CAMS Kemeth, a charging operator, which adopts an operation mode similar to that of Xpeng, namely, a combination of open + partially closed (ground lock).

For other OEMs, we think that they are more likely to adopt mode 3. But each selects varied strategies and laying ideas. For instance, the newly released Geely ZEEKR is the first 800V platform model in China, supporting rapid charging at 360kW. It can drive 120km after just 5 minutes of charging. According to the plan, ZEEKR will complete the construction of 290 charging stations and 2,800 charging piles by 2021, and build 2,200 charging stations and 20,000 charging piles by the end of 2023. So far, ZEEKR's fast charging network has not been officially unveiled.

In the future, with the promotion of 800V high-voltage fast charging architecture technology, it is a trend for both foreign-funded enterprises and independent brands to conduct product layout in high-voltage platform, and he self-built self-operated charging network of high-end intelligent EV brands will be accelerated.

Table of Contents

1. Overview of Charging Station/Pile Industry

  • 1.1 EV Charging Infrastructure
    • 1.1.1 Definition and Classification
    • 1.1.2 Charging Modes
    • 1.1.3 Classification of Charging Technology
    • 1.1.4 Composition of Charging Stations
    • 1.1.5 Cost Structure of Charging Stations
    • 1.1.6 Configuration of Public Charging Stations
    • 1.1.7 Industry Chain of Charging Piles
    • 1.1.8 Upstream of Charging Pile Industry Chain - Manufacturing End
    • 1.1.9 Midstream of Charging Pile Industry Chain - Operation End (Constructor and Operator)
  • 1.2 Charging Port and Charging Gun
    • 1.2.1 Definition of Charging Port
    • 1.2.2 Classification of Charging Port
    • 1.2.3 Classification of Charging Gun

2 Policies on Charging Infrastructure Industry in China

  • 2.1 Electric Vehicle
    • 2.1.1 Purchase Tax Cuts
    • 2.1.2 Fiscal Subsidies for Purchase (I)
    • 2.1.3 Fiscal Subsidies for Purchase (II)
    • 2.1.4 Fiscal Subsidies for Purchase (III)
    • 2.1.5 Fiscal Subsidies for Use
    • 2.1.6 Policies on Promotion
  • 2.2 EV Charging Station
    • 2.2.1 Subsidies for Charging Facilities (Nation level)
    • 2.2.2 Notification on the Incentive Policy of Charging Infrastructures for New Energy Vehicles and the Enhancement of the Promotion and Application of New Energy Vehicles
    • 2.2.3 Planning for Charging Facilities Industry (Nation level) (I)
    • 2.2.4 Planning for Charging Facilities Industry (Nation level) (II)
    • 2.2.5 Energy-Saving and New Energy Vehicle Technology Roadmap 2.0 Propose to Realize Intelligent Manufacturing of Charging Facility by Combining Intelligence and Digitalization
    • 2.2.6 Energy-Saving and New Energy Vehicle Technology Roadmap 2.0-Charging Infrastructure Overall Roadmap
    • 2.2.7 Program of Building National Strength in Transportation
    • 2.2.8 Subsidies/Planning for Charging Facilities in China- (by City)
  • 2.3 Other Policies
    • 2.3.1 Basic Electricity Price for EV Charging
    • 2.3.2 Service Charge for EV Charging
    • 2.3.3 Promotion of V2G Coordinative Innovation and Demo

3 Development of EV around the World and in China

  • 3.1 Global EV Market
    • 3.1.1 Ownership
    • 3.1.2 Ownership in Major Countries and Regions
    • 3.1.3 Comparison of Sales Growth in Major Countries and Regions
    • 3.1.4 Electrification Target in Major Countries and Regions
    • 3.1.5 Policies and Incentives of Light Vehicles in Major Countries and Regions
    • 3.1.6 Forecast on EV and Power Battery
    • 3.1.7 Sales Forecast in Major Countries and Regions
    • 3.1.8 Sales Volume of Passenger Vehicles
    • 3.1.9 Sales Volume of Passenger Vehicles (by Model)
    • 3.1.10 Sales Volume of Passenger Vehicles in Europe
    • 3.1.11 Sales Volume of Passenger Vehicles in the United States
  • 3.2 Chinese EV Market
    • 3.2.1 Overall Sales Volume
    • 3.2.2 Overall Sales Volume-by Fuel Type
    • 3.2.3 Sales Volume of New Energy Passenger Car
    • 3.2.4 Sales Volume of Passenger Vehicles-by Level
    • 3.2.5 Sales Volume of Passenger Vehicles-by Brand
    • 3.2.6 Sales Volume of Passenger Vehicles-by Model
    • 3.2.7 Output of Commercial Vehicles
    • 3.2.8 Sales Volume of Buses
    • 3.2.9 Sales Volume of Special Vehicles
  • 3.3 EV Charging Solutions in China
    • 3.3.1 Charging Solutions for BEV
    • 3.3.2 Charging Solutions for PHEV

4 Development of EV Charging Facilities in Foreign Countries

  • 4.1 Policies and Characteristics
    • 4.1.1 Development Plans and Characteristics
    • 4.1.2 Fiscal Subsidies
    • 4.1.3 Major Policies of Biden Government
  • 4.2 Status Quo and Trend
    • 4.2.1 Development of Charging Facilities
    • 4.2.2 Ownership of Public Charging Piles
    • 4.2.3 Ownership of Public Charging Piles in Major Countries
    • 4.2.4 Car-to-Pile Ratio in Major Countries
  • 4.3 Charging Port Standard
    • 4.3.1 Major Standards
    • 4.3.2 Major Standards Developing Organizations
    • 4.3.3 Charging Port Characteristics of Major Regions
    • 4.3.4 AC Charging Port
    • 4.3.5 DC Charging Port
    • 4.3.6 Combined Charging Port
    • 4.3.7 Charging Port Standards for Main Auto Models
  • 4.4 Typical Company-Tesla
    • 4.4.1 Profile
    • 4.4.2 Operation
    • 4.4.3 R&D and Capacity
    • 4.4.4 EV Sales
    • 4.4.5 EV Sales Forecast
    • 4.4.6 Suppliers
    • 4.4.7 Battery and Battery Material Suppliers in China
    • 4.4.8 Charging Pile Suppliers in China
    • 4.4.9 Non-Core Parts Suppliers in China
    • 4.4.10 Distribution of Tesla's Charging Stations Worldwide
    • 4.4.11 Distribution of Tesla's Charging Stations in China
    • 4.4.12 Super Charging Piles
    • 4.4.13 Household Charging Piles
  • 4.5 Typical Organization- CHAdeMO Association
    • 4.5.1 Profile
    • 4.5.2 Constitution
    • 4.5.3 Technical Structure
    • 4.5.4 Charging Interface
    • 4.5.5 Main Charging Pile Product
    • 4.5.6 Main Auto Models
    • 4.5.7 V2X
    • 4.5.8 V2X Demo Project
    • 4.5.9 Construction Plan of Charging Station
  • 4.6 Wireless Charging
    • 4.6.1 Principle
    • 4.6.2 Standards
    • 4.6.3 Development
    • 4.6.4 Latest Progress
    • 4.6.5 Technical Route
    • 4.6.6 Status Quo (I)
    • 4.6.7 Status Quo (II)
    • 4.6.8 Status Quo (III)
    • 4.6.9 Solution: Qualcomm Halo
    • 4.6.10 Technical Parameters
    • 4.6.11 Main Wireless Charing Technologies
  • 4.7 G2V/V2G/V2H
    • 4.7.1 Technical principle
    • 4.7.2 V2X Charging and Discharging Technology
    • 4.7.3 V2G Technology
    • 4.7.4 V2G Technical Framework
    • 4.7.5 Vehicle Network Coordination Change the Energy Loss and Peak Load of Disordered Charging
    • 4.7.6 Large Scale Commercialization of V2G Still Needs Time
  • 4.8 BaaS + Battery Swap Network Mode
    • 4.8.1 Development Environment of BaaS + Battery Swap Network
    • 4.8.2 Promotion Value of Battery Swap Mode
    • 4.8.3 Business Mode of Battery Swap
    • 4.8.4 Comparison of Battery Swap Technology and DC Fast Charging Technology
    • 4.8.5 Battery Swap Mode Will Coexist with Charging Mode in China, and the Application Scenario of Operating Vehicles Is Promising
  • 4.9 Flexible Charging Stack
    • 4.9.1 Technology
    • 4.9.2 Advantage
  • 4.10 Status Quo and Trend of Global Charging Technology
  • 4.11 Status Quo and Trend of Chinese Charging Technology

5. Development of Charging Station/Pile in China

  • 5.1 Ownership and Car-to-Pile Ratio of New Energy Vehicles
    • 5.1.1 Ownership and Car-to-Pile Ratio in China
    • 5.1.2 Ownership and Charging Operation Demand of New Energy Vehicles in China
  • 5.2 Operation of Public Charging Pile
    • 5.2.1 Development Course
    • 5.2.2 Distribution
  • 5.3 Distribution and Plan of Charging Facilities (by Province)
    • 5.3.1 Northeast/North China/East China
    • 5.3.2 Central/South China
    • 5.3.3 Southwest/Northwest China
  • 5.4 Highway Charging Stations
    • 5.4.1 Configuration Standard
    • 5.4.2 Charging Mode
    • 5.4.3 Charging Fee
    • 5.4.4 Development Plan
    • 5.4.5 Bidding Number of the State Grid
    • 5.4.6 Bidding Power and Bid-Winning Enterprises of the State Grid
  • 5.5 Competition Pattern of Charging Facilities in China
    • 5.5.1 Charging Service Market Competition May Increase Significantly
    • 5.5.2 Competition Pattern of Major Charging Operators
  • 5.6 Profit Model of Charging Facilities in China
    • 5.6.1 Operational Value Chain
    • 5.6.2 Business Mode (I)
    • 5.6.3 Business Mode (II)
    • 5.6.4 Head players Have Realized the Break-Even and Started Refined Operations
    • 5.6.5 Innovative Business Models Will Emerge in Succession
    • 5.6.6 Internet + Charging Pile
    • 5.6.7 Single Pile Break-Even Table of Charging Pile
  • 5.7 Development Trend of Charging Facilities in China
    • 5.7.1 Main Problems
    • 5.7.2 Suggestions
    • 5.7.3 Charging Network Being an Irresistible Trend for EV Charging Technology

6. Major Charging Operators in China

  • 6.1 TELD
    • 6.1.1 Profile
    • 6.1.2 Financing for Development
    • 6.1.3 Charging Network Solution (1)
    • 6.1.4 Charging Network Solution (2)
    • 6.1.5 Charging Network Solution (3)
    • 6.1.6 Charging Equipment
    • 6.1.7 Intelligent Flexible Charging Bow
    • 6.1.8 Novel High-power Charging Equipment (1)
    • 6.1.9 Novel High-power Charging Equipment (2)
    • 6.1.10 Safety Assessment of Electric Vehicle Charging System Based on Big Data
    • 6.1.11 Charging Projects in 2020
    • 6.1.12 Charging Equipment Utilization Rate and Charging Capacity
    • 6.1.13 Charging Business Operation Mode
    • 6.1.14 Charging Business Scope
    • 6.1.15 Partners in Charging Business
  • 6.2 Star Charge
    • 6.2.1 Profile
    • 6.2.2 Development History and Financing
    • 6.2.3 Charging Business Operation
    • 6.2.4 Charging Solution
    • 6.2.5 DC Integrated Charger
    • 6.2.6 DC Split Charger
    • 6.2.7 AC Product Line
    • 6.2.8 Product Line for Charging Facilities abroad
    • 6.2.9 Product Line for Control Parts
    • 6.2.10 Application Cases
    • 6.2.11 Partners in Charging Business
  • 6.3 State Grid
    • 6.3.1 Charging Facility Construction Planning
    • 6.3.2 Charging Facility Construction
    • 6.3.3 Highway Charging Network
    • 6.3.4 Charging Facility Operation
    • 6.3.5 Charging Facility Tender
  • 6.4 Ykccn.com
    • 6.4.1 Profile
    • 6.4.2 Charging Facility Operation
    • 6.4.3 Charging Facility Distribution
  • 6.5 EV Power
    • 6.5.1 Profile
    • 6.5.2 Charging Equipment
    • 6.5.3 AC Charging Equipment
    • 6.5.4 DC Charging Equipment
    • 6.5.5 Value-added Services
    • 6.5.6 Cloud Edge Integrated Charging Pile Operation Solution (EMQ +EV Power) for Charging in the Community
    • 6.5.7 Charging Facility Distribution
    • 6.5.8 Charging Facility Operation
    • 6.5.9 Cooperation in Charging Business
  • 6.6 SAIC Anyo Charging
    • 6.6.1 Profile
    • 6.6.2 Charging Equipment
    • 6.6.3 Operation Platform
    • 6.6.4 Charging Facility Application
    • 6.6.5 Cooperation in Charging Business
  • 6.7 Shenzhen CLOU Electronics (www.carenergynet.cn)
    • 6.7.1 Profile
    • 6.7.2 Revenue and Gross Margin
    • 6.7.3 Main Business
    • 6.7.4 Charging Platform
    • 6.7.5 Charging Solution (1)
    • 6.7.6 Charging Solution (2)
    • 6.7.7 Charging Facility Operation
    • 6.7.8 Charging Equipment
    • 6.7.9 AC Charging Equipment (1)
    • 6.7.10 AC Charging Equipment (2)
    • 6.7.11 DC Charging Equipment (1)
    • 6.7.12 DC Charging Equipment (2)
    • 6.7.13 Charging Facility Distribution
    • 6.7.14 Cooperation in Charging Business
  • 6.8 Potevio New Energy
    • 6.8.1 Profile
    • 6.8.2 Charging Business Scope
    • 6.8.3 Charging Operation Services
    • 6.8.4 Charging Services Operation Case (1)
    • 6.8.6 Charging Intelligent Cloud Management Platform
    • 6.8.7 Charging Business Model
    • 6.8.8 Charging Facility Operation and Distribution
    • 6.8.9 Cooperation in Charging Business
  • 6.9 ICHARGE
    • 6.9.1 Profile
    • 6.9.2 AC Charging Equipment
    • 6.9.3 DC Charging Equipment
    • 6.9.4 Parameters of DC Charging Equipment
    • 6.9.5 Charging Cloud Platform
    • 6.9.6 Charging Business Operation Case
    • 6.9.7 Charging Facility Operation
    • 6.9.8 Cooperation in Charging Business
  • 6.10 Winsky New Energy
    • 6.10.1 Profile
    • 6.10.2 Charging Solution
    • 6.10.3 Charging Facility Operation
    • 6.10.4 Charging Facility Operation Case
    • 6.10.5 Cooperation in Charging Business
  • 6.11 Huashang Sanyou
    • 6.11.1 Profile
    • 6.11.2 Charging Equipment
    • 6.11.3 Charging Business Operation
  • 6.12 Business Models and Charging Standards of 12 Major Charging Operators in China

7. Charging Facility Layout of Major Automakers

  • 7.1 Wuling
    • 7.1.1 Charging Facility Layout
    • 7.1.2 Charging Facility -Liuzhou Model
    • 7.1.3 Charging Mode Analysis
    • 7.1.4 Cooperation in Charging Facilities
  • 7.2 NIO
    • 7.2.1 Charging Facility Layout
    • 7.2.2 Swap Station
    • 7.2.3 Charging Vehicles
    • 7.2.4 Super Charging Station
    • 7.2.5 Cooperation in Charging Facilities
  • 7.3 Xpeng
    • 7.3.1 Charging Facility Layout
    • 7.3.2 Super Charging Station
    • 7.3.3 Cooperation in Charging Facilities
    • 7.3.4 Usage Process of Charging Facilities
  • 7.4 Tesla
    • 7.4.1 Construction of Super Charging Station
    • 7.4.2 Mobile Charging and Automatic Charging Services
  • 7.5 Changan Automobile
    • 7.5.1 New Energy Household Charging Pile Construction
    • 7.5.2 Construction of New Energy Swap Station
    • 7.5.3 Cooperation in Charging Facilities
  • 7.6 BYD
    • 7.6.1 Charging Facility Layout
    • 7.6.2 Private Charging Services
    • 7.6.3 Public Charging Services
    • 7.6.4 Mobile Charging Services
    • 7.6.5 Cooperation in Charging Facilities
  • 7.7 BAIC BJEV
    • 7.7.1 Construction of Swap Station
    • 7.7.2 Construction of ARCFOX Super Charging Station
    • 7.7.3 Private Charging Services
    • 7.7.4 Cooperation in Charging Facilities
  • 7.8 Geely
    • 7.8.1 Construction of Swap Station
    • 7.8.2 ZEEKR Super Charging Station
    • 7.8.3 Automatic Charging Services
    • 7.8.4 Cooperation in Charging Facilities
  • 7.9 SAIC
    • 7.9.1 Construction of Super Charging Station
    • 7.9.2 Cooperation in Charging Facilities
  • 7.10 Volkswagen
    • 7.10.1 Global Charging Facility Strategy
    • 7.10.2 Cooperation in Charging Facilities in China
  • 7.11 Other OEMs
    • 7.11.1 Super Charging Station of GAC Aion
    • 7.11.2 Mobile Charging Robot of Aiways Auto
    • 7.11.3 BMW's Cooperative Charging Facilities
  • 7.12 Charging Pile Construction of Major OEMs
    • 7.12.1 Charging Pile Layout of Major OEMs
    • 7.12.2 Super Charging Station Construction of Major OEMs
    • 7.12.3 Swap Services of Major OEMs
    • 7.12.4 Mobile Charging Services of Major OEMs
    • 7.12.5 Automatic Charging Services of Major OEMs
    • 7.12.6 Cost Comparison of Household Basic Charging Facilities of Major Automakers
    • 7.12.7 Installation Comparison of Household Basic Charging Facilities of Major Automakers