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市场调查报告书

太阳能汽车2021-2041第二版

Solar Vehicles 2021-2041 2nd Edition

出版商 IDTechEx Ltd. 商品编码 988580
出版日期 内容资讯 英文 271 Slides
商品交期: 最快1-2个工作天内
价格
太阳能汽车2021-2041第二版 Solar Vehicles 2021-2041 2nd Edition
出版日期: 2021年02月12日内容资讯: 英文 271 Slides
简介

标题
太阳能车2021-2041 2 nd
能源独立,减少电池,增加范围,光伏,scSi,CIGS,OPV,III-V,结构电子,太阳能窗户。

尚未考虑太阳能车身设计的车辆设计师是疯狂的。引爆点在于我们,主要是因为单晶矽光伏电池即使在车辆侧面也能提供每单位面积50%的更高的电气性能。总共是三倍的电量。现在采用速度如此之快,以至于IDTechEx在一年之内就重写了其报告。 "太阳能汽车2021-2041第二版" 在260页中进行了解释。通常,它涵盖了最大的潜力-陆地车辆-但它提供了有关水和空气的最新知识。

看看太阳能公路车辆的购买者现在有多种选择,从太阳能每年增加几百公里到数十公里的总能源独立性。其中包括典型的城市居民,年均行驶12,000公里。永不插入电源?通过愚蠢的付款方式和界面来逃避不可靠,繁忙的充电站的暴政?如果您需要更多的续航里程,则太阳能汽车可以让您插上电源,但它们通常只用一半的电池,从而也减少了麻烦部件带来的问题。

突然之间,选择是巨大的,全球来源。与能源无关的汽车种类繁多,从斯巴达汽车到设计汽车。中国提供太阳能汽车,从高尔夫球车到家庭用车和载人汽车,但巴基斯坦现在只有一个品牌Economia提供所有这些,再加上封闭式太阳能三轮车。所有都是在巴基斯坦制造的。在世界的另一端,新的太阳能轿车包括Aptera solar 3惠勒,声称在充满电的情况下续航里程为1600公里1000英里,创世界纪录。在全球范围内,太阳能两个座位的来源现在多种多样。

重要的是,太阳能车身现已可用于常规,混合动力和电池汽车。阅读现代的推广。特斯拉Cyber□□truk展示了太阳能选项。是的,大牌现在正在堆积,丰田甚至还在努力将太阳射程进一步提高到每年20多公里。已经有许多太阳能船。的确,与能源无关的太阳能船是司空见惯的,这里的一些多模式收获对陆地车辆有借鉴意义。 大众汽车集团旗下的斯堪尼亚(Scania)领导的太阳能辅助混合动力卡车的大型计划现已成为卡车的焦点。拥有最大太阳能汽车订单的Sono Motors刚刚展示了一款全太阳能卡车。太阳能卡车的节省将使卡车司机的典型利润增加一倍。瞭解为何Sono Motors将其全面的太阳能技术许可给领先的机器人穿梭机制造商,而Dethleffs则出售其休闲车的格式。

"太阳能汽车2021-2041第二版" 由全球多语种IDTechEx分析师不断研究。它甚至解释了当下一代太阳能汽车技术在陆地上变得负担得起并且涵盖了在汽车上引入的CIGS和OPV等中间技术时会发生什么情况。

该报告以执行摘要和结论开头,适用于时间有限的人士,包括10年和20年的预测以及20年的路线图。引言然后解释了历史,应用和技术,包括IDTechEx的新概念。在这些带有预测的关键评估中,瞭解下一个选择,例如将车辆,甚至卡车和轮船上的太阳能作为零排放微电网扩大。

第3章介绍了太阳能汽车,货车,人力车和三轮车,其中包括开发大型多功能可重构太阳能汽车的澳大利亚重大计划。电池更少,续航能力更大的汽车就在这里,包括菲斯克和光年。疗法e为许多太阳能高尔夫球车,货车和其他选项从意大利到印度。第4章介绍了太阳能客车和卡车,从德国的弗劳恩霍夫的最新进展到巴西和乌干达的太阳能版本。从挪威到日本,本章还介绍了自动人行道和休闲车,以及令人惊讶的各种太阳能技术,并说明了原因。

第5章和第6章涉及太阳能辅助火车和太阳能农业机器人,其中一些与能量无关。

但是,第7章中的太阳能船比火车要大,而第8章中介绍的农用机器人和太阳能飞机正在迅速变得重要。在平流层和LEO卫星上的飞艇和固定翼无人机上安装了功能更强大,价格更高的太阳膜,这对于监视以及下一代5G和6G通信都是必不可少的。但是,中国人刚刚表现出日夜在低空无人驾驶飞机上的太阳能独立性,而在常规的电动轻型飞机上进行试验,即使在目前正在准备的电池电动支线飞机上,也将导致大规模采用。瞭解什么技术以及何时使用。然后,该报告以一章很长的篇幅结尾,介绍了光伏技术,其技术以及不断发展的改进和用途。

从监管机构,投资者到用户以及系统运营商,进入太阳能汽车土地,水和空气价值链的任何人都必须以土地,水和空气以及所有技术的形式审视大局,以此作为最佳实践的基准,获胜者和失败者。仅在IDTechEx的新报告 "Solar Vehicles 2021-2041 Second Edition" 中提供了所有这些信息,这些信息由高级技术分析师评估得出的信息图表,图表和预测,这些信息简直是怀旧或学术上难以理解的。从一开始,术语的全面词汇表就有助于提高清晰度。该报告服务于那些寻求商业成功并为社会带来利益的人。

此报告回答以下问题:

  • 在接下来的20年中,谁将在哪里,为什么在哪里使太阳能汽车著陆,水和空气?
  • 相对于常规太阳能汽车2021-2041,保费的数量,单位价值和市场价值的预测?
  • 详细的技术路线图和应用2021-2041?
  • 博士级分析师从13个主要结论和30个具体结论中得出什么?
  • 现在和将来都是赢家和输家的公司,技术和方法?
  • 现在和将来大多数适用的应用程序,为什么对供应商以及相对重要性?
  • 现在和将来所有太阳能技术与汽车,供应商的利弊相比?
  • 坏消息不仅仅是好消息吗?

从IDTechEx进行分析访问

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目录

1。执行摘要和结论

  • 1.1。本报告目的
  • 1.2。基本
    • 1.2.1。定义和历史
    • 1.2.2 。标杆管理
  • 1.3。主要结论
    • 1.3.1。太阳能汽车的重要性
    • 1.3.2。主要结论
    • 1.3.3。太阳能卡车,公共汽车和火车销售的转折点
    • 1.3.4。企业和地理定位
    • 1.3.5。化学一般包括保护
    • 1.3.6。格式
    • 1.3.7。比较领先的太阳能汽车:Sono,Lightyear,Toyota
    • 1.3.8。太阳能两座城市小汽车队,Zoop
    • 1.3.9。Aptera太阳能车
    • 1。3.10。专利分析:太阳能车
    • 1.3.11。太阳能公共汽车和卡车
    • 1.3.12。火车
    • 1.3.13。太阳能飞机
    • 1.3.14。新方向
    • 1.3.15。专利分析:太阳能车
  • 1.4。市场预测
    • 1.4.1。太阳能独立车2021-2041
    • 1.4.2。与太阳能无关的汽车2021-2041-车辆数量(千)
    • 1.4.3。与太阳能无关的汽车2021-2041-单位价值(千美元)-工厂
    • 1.4.4。太阳能非gy汽车2021-2041-市场价值(十亿美元)
    • 1.4.5。每年2000万辆48V混合动力汽车的重大太阳能机遇
    • 1.4.6。2041年全球光伏技术份额10亿美元
    • 1.4.7。太阳能汽车技术时间表

2。简介

  • 2.1。极限太阳能汽车和未来发展
    • 2.1.1。南极到平流层
    • 2.1.2。太阳飞船向地球发射能量?
    • 2.1.3。接送卡车:特斯拉太阳能Cyber□□truck和替代品
    • 2.1.4。Renovagen:像地毯一样展开
    • 2.1.5。在卡车上双翻太阳能?
    • 2.1.6。太阳能可减少PHEV卡车的油耗5-20%
  • 2.2。电动汽车电动车的工作原理
  • 2.3。光伏技术选择车
    • 2.3.1。定义,背景
    • 2.3.2。化学选择
    • 2.3.3。III-V材料
    • 2.3.4。迁移到多结点:OxfordPV,Swift Solar
    • 2.3.5。负担得起的薄膜比刚性矽胶2031-2041更有效?
    • 2.3.6。格式选择
  • 2.4。太阳能赛车展现了未来-三重结III-V,侧面有太阳能
  • 2.5。太阳能飞机和船只展示未来
  • 2.6。大图:能源独立的电动汽车
  • 2.6.1。定义和派生
  • 2.6.2。能源独立型电动汽车EIEV的类型
  • 2.6.3。EIEV操作选择
  • 2.6.4。关键EIEV技术
  • 2.6.5。过去,现在和概念上的EIEV技术示例
  • 2.6.6。海上EIEV的过去,现在和概念技术
  • 2.6.7。机载EIEV的过去,现在和概念技术
  • 2.6.8。EIEV必不可少的大功率能量收集特性
3。太阳能车,货车,人力车,自行车
  • 3.1。多用途
    • 3.1.1。澳大利亚AEV
  • 3.2。汽车
    • 3.2.1。巴基斯坦经济
    • 3.2.2。美国菲斯克
    • 3.2.3。德国Fraunhofer ISE
    • 3.2。4.韩国现代起亚
    • 3.2.5。美国业力
    • 3.2.6。荷兰光年
    • 3.2.7。Manipal IT印度
    • 3.2.8。索诺汽车德国
    • 3.2.9。日本丰田
  • 3.3。类汽车
    • 3.3.1。安美中国 < li> 3.3.2。英国剑桥大学
    • 3.3.3。中国大连森谷
    • 3.3.4。Deeraj中国
    • 3.3.5。Evovelo西班牙
    • 3.3.6。伊巴兹卢旺达
    • 3.3.7。I-FEVS意大利
    • 3.3.8。仲夏瑞典
    • 3.3.9。Neeraj和其他太阳能大堆山楂印度
    • 3.3.10。Sunnyclist希腊
    • 3.3.11。天空王牌Tiga日本
    • 3.3.12。Stella Lux,Stella Era,Stella Vie荷兰
    • 3.3.13。Vikram Solar和IESA印度
  • 3.4。货运三轮车
    • 3.4.1。货运三轮车u □
    • 3.4.2。英国皇家邮政
  • 3.5。高尔夫球车

4。太阳能卡车,卡车

  • 4.1。巴士
    • 4.1.1。日本秋田县
    • 4.1.2。比亚迪等中国
    • 4.1.3。挪威绿色能源
    • 4.1.4 。奥地利K-Bus
    • 4.1.5。Kiira Motors乌干达
    • 4.1.6。纳米科技中国
    • 4.1.7。朝鲜研究部
    • 4.1.8。日本Solarve
    • 4.1.9。谭斯洛文尼亚
  • 4.2。货车
    • 4.2.1。E-FORCE瑞士
    • 4.2.2。罗伯特·加拿大集团
    • 4.2.3。德国Fraunhofer ISE
    • 4.2.4。前往美国的Greentrucks
    • 4.2.5。美国墨西拉谷运输公司和K&J货运公司
    • 4.2.6。Sunew巴西
    • 4.2.7。英国南瑟姆大学
    • 4.2.8。沃尔沃瑞典
  • 4.3。休闲车
    • 4.3.1。美国Detleffs

5。太阳能辅助服务

  • 5.1。概述
  • 5.2。印度铁路
  • 5.3。美国拜伦灣
  • 5.4。美国太阳能子弹

6。太阳能农作物

  • 6.1。澳大利亚悉尼大学
  • 6.2。印度哈里亚纳邦友好大学
  • 6.3。Vinerobot欧洲

7。太阳能船

  • 7.1。结构光伏:Sol ar Boat pSi或scSi
  • 7.2。法国能源觀察员
  • 7.3。绿线游艇斯洛文尼亚
  • 7.4。意大利拉扎里尼设计
  • 7.5。Soel Yachts荷兰
  • 7.6。Sunreef波兰

8。太阳能飞机

  • 8.1。高空太阳能无人机
    • 8.1.1。固定翼
    • 8.1.2。空客西风
    • 8.1.3。中航工业财虹(彩虹)CH-T4和晨星
    • 8.1.4。CASIC太阳能
    • 8.1.5。BAE Systems,英国和澳大利亚国防部PHASA-35
    • 8.1.6。波音极光奥德修斯
    • 8.1.7。NASA快速太阳能无人机
    • 8.1.8。膨胀的HAPS
    • 8.1.9。Thales-Alenia的Stratobus飞艇
    • 8.1.10。为什么卢恩(Loon)于2021年去世
  • 8.2。低空太阳能无人机
  • 8.3。太阳能载人飞机
    • 8.3.1。概述
    • 8.3.2。太阳脉冲
    • 8.3.3。再见航空载人飞机
    • 8.3.4。美国宇航局在火星上的太阳能直升机

9。光伏:大图片

  • 9.1。本章目的
  • 9.2。光伏业务的Ana tomy 2021-2041
  • 9.3。按应用的价格量敏感性
  • 9.4。两个世界
  • 9.5。化学十大光伏制造商
  • 9.6。1976-2040年Si和CdTe成本进展
  • 9.7。矽光伏成本下跌战d 2021-2050
  • 9.8。主要结论:薄膜光伏市场
  • 9.9。碲化镉
  • 9.10。CIGS PV
    • 9.10.1。薄膜CIGS光伏产品的全球产量$ M和MWp 2000-2018
    • 9.10.2。CIGS成本降低
    • 9.10.3。薄膜CIGS光伏全球产值和2020-2040年将达到10亿美元的全球市场
  • 9.11。十亿美元和2020-2040年GWp的III-V化合物半导体光伏的全球市场
  • 9.12。钙钛矿PV $ M的全球市场
  • 9.13。有机光伏O PV
    • 9.13.1。2020-2040年百万美元的OPV全球市场
    • 9.13.2。相对于其他光伏技术的OPV
    • 9.13.3。技术背景
    • 9.13.4。OPV材料的类型
    • 9.13.5。半透明和混合电池的OPV
    • 9.13.6。SWOT分析:OPV材料
  • 9.14。地理光伏材料需求

10。附录:光伏经验曲线和为什么CIGS价格将以正常,陡峭的速度开始改善

目录
Product Code: ISBN 9781913899325

Title:
Solar Vehicles 2021-2041 2nd Edition
Energy independence, battery reduction, range increase, photovoltaics, scSi, CIGS, OPV, III-V, structural electronics, solar windows.

Vehicle designers not yet considering solar bodywork are crazy. The tipping point is with us mainly because single-crystal silicon photovoltaics providing 50% more electricity per unit area is now viable even on the sides of vehicles. In all, three times as much electricity. Adoption is now so rapid that IDTechEx has rewritten its report within a year. "Solar Vehicles 2021-2041 2nd Edition" explains in 260 pages. Mostly, it covers the biggest potential - land vehicles - but it gives latest learnings on water and in the air.

See how purchasers of solar on-road vehicles now have a wide choice from solar adding a few hundred kilometers yearly to total energy independence for tens of kilometers. That includes the typical city dweller doing 12,000 km yearly. Never plug in? Escape the tyranny of unreliable, over-busy charging stations with their stupidly different payment means and interfaces? Solar vehicles let you plug in if you need more range but they typically get by on half the battery, reducing problems from that troublesome component too.

Suddenly the choice is huge, the sources global. The energy-independent cars range from spartan to designer cars. China offers solar vehicles ranging from golf cars to family cars and people movers but just one brand Economia in Pakistan now offers all those plus an enclosed solar trike. All are made in Pakistan. On the other side of the world, new solar cars include Aptera solar 3 wheeler claiming world record 1600km 1000 miles range on full battery. Globally, solar two seaters are now multiply-sourced.

Importantly, solar bodywork is now viable for conventional, hybrid and battery vehicles. Read Hyundai's roll-out. Tesla Cybertruk has solar option demonstrated. Yes, the big names are piling in now, Toyota even working on a further leap in solar range to over 20 km yearly. Many solar boats are there already. Indeed, energy-independent solar electric boats are commonplace and some multi-mode harvesting here has lessons for land vehicles. Trucks now come centre stage with a major program on solar-assisted hybrid trucks headed by Scania, part of VW Group. Sono Motors, with the largest solar car orderbook, has just demonstrated an all-over-solar truck. Solar truck savings will double the typical profit of a trucker. Learn why Sono Motors has licensed its all-over solar technology to a leading robot shuttle maker and Dethleffs sells the format on its recreational vehicle.

"Solar Vehicles 2021-2041 2nd Edition" is continuously researched by multi-lingual IDTechEx analysts worldwide. It even explains what happens when the next solar vehicle technologies become affordable on land and it scopes intermediate technologies such as CIGS and OPV being introduced on vehicles.

The report starts with an Executive Summary and Conclusions, sufficient for those with limited time and including 10 and 20 year forecasts and a 20 year roadmap. The Introduction then explains the history, applications and technologies including a new concept by IDTechEx. Learn next options such as expanding solar on vehicles, even trucks and boats as zero-emission minigrids in these critical appraisals with predictions.

Chapter 3 covers solar cars, vans, rickshaws, trikes including the major Australian program developing a multi-purpose, reconfigurable solar vehicle. Cars with less battery, more range are here, including Fisker and Lightyear. There are many solar golf cars, vans and other options from Italy to India. Chapter 4 concerns solar buses and trucks from new Fraunhofer advances in Germany to solar versions in Brazil and Uganda. From Norway to Japan, this chapter also includes people movers and recreational vehicles and a surprising variety of solar technologies in action, with reasons why.

Chapters 5 and 6 concern solar assisted trains and solar agricultural robots, some energy independent.

However, solar boats in Chapter 7 are a bigger business than trains and agribots and solar aircraft covered in Chapter 8 are rapidly becoming important. More-powerful, more-expensive solar film is on airship and fixed-wing drones in the Stratosphere and LEO satellites, all essential for surveillance and the next generation 5G and 6G communications. However, the Chinese have just demonstrated solar independence in a lower altitude drone day-and-night and trials on regular electric light aircraft will result in large adoption later even on battery-electric regional aircraft now being prepared. Learn what technology and when. The report then ends with a long chapter on the big picture of photovoltaics, its technologies and evolving improvements and uses.

Anyone entering the value chain of solar vehicles land, water and air from regulators and investors to users and system operators must look at the big picture in the form of land, water and air and all technologies to benchmark best practice, winners and losers. Only the new IDTechEx report, "Solar Vehicles 2021-2041 Second Edition" gives all this with the latest information appraised by highly technical analysts creating infograms, graphs and forecasts that are simply understood not nostalgic or academically obscure. From the start, clarity is assisted with a comprehensive glossary of the jargon. This report serves those seeking commercial success and benefits to society.

This report answers questions such as:

  • Who, where, why, what for solar vehicles land, water and air over the next 20 years?
  • Forecasts for numbers, unit value and market value of premium vs regular solar cars 2021-2041?
  • Detailed roadmap of technology and applications 2021-2041?
  • What do the PhD-level analysts derive as 13 primary conclusions and 30 specific conclusions?
  • Companies, technologies and approaches that are and will be winners and losers?
  • Most suitable applications now and in future and why and relative importance for suppliers?
  • All solar technologies compared now and in future with pros and cons for vehicles, suppliers?
  • The bad news not just the good news?

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS

  • 1.1. Purpose of this report
  • 1.2. Basics
    • 1.2.1. Definitions and history
    • 1.2.2. Benchmarking
  • 1.3. Primary conclusions
    • 1.3.1. Importance of solar vehicles
    • 1.3.2. Primary conclusions
    • 1.3.3. Tipping points for sales of solar trucks, buses and trains
    • 1.3.4. Corporate and geographical positioning
    • 1.3.5. Chemistry generally including protection
    • 1.3.6. Format
    • 1.3.7. Leading solar cars compared: Sono, Lightyear, Toyota
    • 1.3.8. Solar two-seater city cars Squad, Zoop
    • 1.3.9. Aptera solar car
    • 1.3.10. Patent analysis: solar car
    • 1.3.11. Solar buses and trucks
    • 1.3.12. Trains
    • 1.3.13. Solar aircraft
    • 1.3.14. New directions
    • 1.3.15. Patent analysis: solar vehicle
  • 1.4. Market forecasts
    • 1.4.1. Solar energy-independent cars 2021-2041
    • 1.4.2. Solar energy-independent cars 2021-2041 - number of vehicles (thousand)
    • 1.4.3. Solar energy-independent cars 2021-2041 - unit value (US$ thousand) - ex factory
    • 1.4.4. Solar energy-independent cars 2021-2041 - market value (US$ billion)
    • 1.4.5. Major solar opportunity on 20 million 48V hybrid cars yearly
    • 1.4.6. Global photovoltaic technology share $bn % 2041
    • 1.4.7. Technology timeline for solar cars

2. INTRODUCTION

  • 2.1. Extreme solar vehicles and next advances
    • 2.1.1. Antarctic to stratosphere
    • 2.1.2. Solar spacecraft beam power to Earth?
    • 2.1.3. Pick up trucks: Tesla solar Cybertruck and alternatives
    • 2.1.4. Renovagen: unrolling like a carpet
    • 2.1.5. Double roll solar on a truck?
    • 2.1.6. Solar reduces PHEV truck fuel consumption 5-20%
  • 2.2. How an Electric Vehicle EV works
  • 2.3. Photovoltaic technology choice vehicles
    • 2.3.1. Definition, background
    • 2.3.2. Choice of chemistry
    • 2.3.3. III-V materials
    • 2.3.4. Move to multijunction: OxfordPV, Swift Solar
    • 2.3.5. Affordable thin film more efficient than rigid silicon 2031-2041?
    • 2.3.6. Choice of format
  • 2.4. Solar racers show the future - triple junction III-V, solar on sides
  • 2.5. Solar aircraft and boats show the future
  • 2.6. The big picture: Energy Independent Electric Vehicles
    • 2.6.1. Definition and derivation
    • 2.6.2. Types of Energy Independent Electric Vehicle EIEV
    • 2.6.3. EIEV operational choices
    • 2.6.4. Key EIEV technologies
    • 2.6.5. Examples of EIEV technologies on land past, present and concept
    • 2.6.6. Technologies of marine EIEVs past, present and concept
    • 2.6.7. Technologies of airborne EIEVs past, present and concept
    • 2.6.8. Characteristics of the High Power Energy Harvesting essential to EIEVs

3. SOLAR CARS, VANS, RICKSHAWS, TRIKES

  • 3.1. Multipurpose
    • 3.1.1. AEV Australia
  • 3.2. Cars
    • 3.2.1. Economia Pakistan
    • 3.2.2. Fisker USA
    • 3.2.3. Fraunhofer ISE Germany
    • 3.2.4. Hyundai-Kia Korea
    • 3.2.5. Karma USA
    • 3.2.6. Lightyear Netherlands
    • 3.2.7. Manipal IT India
    • 3.2.8. Sono Motors Germany
    • 3.2.9. Toyota Japan
  • 3.3. Car-like vehicles
    • 3.3.1. Amthi China
    • 3.3.2. Cambridge University UK
    • 3.3.3. Dalian Sengu China
    • 3.3.4. Deeraj China
    • 3.3.5. Evovelo Spain
    • 3.3.6. Ibaze Rwanda
    • 3.3.7. I-FEVS Italy
    • 3.3.8. Midsummer Sweden
    • 3.3.9. Neeraj and other solar rickshaws India
    • 3.3.10. Sunnyclist Greece
    • 3.3.11. Sky Ace Tiga Japan
    • 3.3.12. Stella Lux, Stella Era, Stella Vie Netherlands
    • 3.3.13. Vikram Solar and IESA India
  • 3.4. Cargo Trikes
    • 3.4.1. Cargo Trike UK
    • 3.4.2. Royal Mail UK
  • 3.5. Golf carts

4. SOLAR BUSES, TRUCKS

  • 4.1. Buses
    • 4.1.1. Akita prefecture Japan
    • 4.1.2. BYD and others China
    • 4.1.3. Green Energy Norway
    • 4.1.4. K-Bus Austria
    • 4.1.5. Kiira Motors Uganda
    • 4.1.6. Nanowinn Technologies China
    • 4.1.7. North Korea Research Department
    • 4.1.8. Solarve Japan
    • 4.1.9. TAM Slovenia
  • 4.2. Trucks
    • 4.2.1. E-FORCE Switzerland
    • 4.2.2. Group Robert Canada
    • 4.2.3. Fraunhofer ISE Germany
    • 4.2.4. Greentrucks on the go USA
    • 4.2.5. Mesilla Valley Transportation and K&J Trucking USA
    • 4.2.6. Sunew Brazil
    • 4.2.7. University of Southampton UK
    • 4.2.8. Volvo Sweden
  • 4.3. Recreational vehicles
    • 4.3.1. Detleffs USA

5. SOLAR ASSISTANCE FOR TRAINS

  • 5.1. Overview
  • 5.2. Indian Railways
  • 5.3. Byron Bay USA
  • 5.4. Solar Bullet USA

6. SOLAR AGRIBOTS

  • 6.1. University of Sydney Australia
  • 6.2. Amity University Haryana, India
  • 6.3. Vinerobot Europe

7. SOLAR BOATS

  • 7.1. Structural photovoltaics: Solar boats pSi or scSi
  • 7.2. Energy Observer France
  • 7.3. Greenline Yachts Slovenia
  • 7.4. Lazzarini Design Italy
  • 7.5. Soel Yachts Netherlands
  • 7.6. Sunreef Poland

8. SOLAR AIRCRAFT

  • 8.1. Upper atmosphere solar drones
    • 8.1.1. Fixed wing
    • 8.1.2. Airbus Zephyr
    • 8.1.3. AVIC China Caihong (Rainbow) CH-T4 and Morning Star
    • 8.1.4. CASIC Solar
    • 8.1.5. BAE Systems, UK and Australia Defence PHASA-35
    • 8.1.6. Boeing Aurora Odysseus
    • 8.1.7. NASA swift solar drone
    • 8.1.8. Inflated HAPS
    • 8.1.9. Thales-Alenia's Stratobus airship
    • 8.1.10. Why Loon died in 2021
  • 8.2. Low level solar drones
  • 8.3. Solar manned aircraft
    • 8.3.1. Overview
    • 8.3.2. Solar Impulse
    • 8.3.3. Bye Aerospace manned aircraft
    • 8.3.4. NASA solar helicopter on Mars

9. PHOTOVOLTAICS: THE BIG PICTURE

  • 9.1. Purpose of this chapter
  • 9.2. Anatomy of the photovoltaic business 2021-2041
  • 9.3. Price-volume sensitivity by application
  • 9.4. Two worlds
  • 9.5. Top ten PV manufacturers by chemistry
  • 9.6. Si and CdTe cost progression 1976-2040
  • 9.7. Silicon PV costs race downward 2021-2050
  • 9.8. Primary conclusions: thin film PV market
  • 9.9. Cadmium telluride
  • 9.10. CIGS PV
    • 9.10.1. Global output of thin film CIGS photovoltaics $M and MWp 2000-2018
    • 9.10.2. CIGS cost reduction
    • 9.10.3. Global market for thin film CIGS photovoltaics GWp and $ billion 2020-2040
  • 9.11. Global market for III-V compound semiconductor PV $ billion and GWp 2020-2040
  • 9.12. Global market for perovskite PV $M
  • 9.13. Organic photovoltaics OPV
    • 9.13.1. Global market for OPV $M 2020-2040
    • 9.13.2. OPV relative to other photovoltaic technologies
    • 9.13.3. Technical background
    • 9.13.4. Types of OPV materials
    • 9.13.5. OPV for semi-transparent and hybrid cells
    • 9.13.6. SWOT analysis: OPV materials
  • 9.14. Geographic PV materials demand

10. APPENDIX: PHOTOVOLTAICS EXPERIENCE CURVES AND WHY CIGS PRICES WILL START TO IMPROVE AT A NORMAL, STEEPER RATE