市场调查报告书

电动,混合动力和燃料电池轻型商用车2021-2041

Electric, Hybrid & Fuel Cell Light Commercial Vehicles 2021-2041

出版商 IDTechEx Ltd. 商品编码 969590
出版日期 内容资讯 英文 235 Slides
商品交期: 最快1-2个工作天内
价格
电动,混合动力和燃料电池轻型商用车2021-2041 Electric, Hybrid & Fuel Cell Light Commercial Vehicles 2021-2041
出版日期: 2020年11月10日内容资讯: 英文 235 Slides
简介

标题
电动,混合动力和燃料电池轻型商用车2021-2041
COVID调整了电动,插电式混合动力和燃料电池轻型商用车2021-2041的区域销售,渗透率,电池需求和市场价值预测。欧洲,中国和美国:电气化的参与者,技术和推动力。

精明的企业正在认识到,使轻型商用车车队电气化不仅是向客户展示其绿色资历的成功机制,而且正日益成为审慎的经济决策。

尽管在每个关键的地理市场中,商用车电气化的动机各不相同,但每个市场中都有强大的推动力,正推动著它们迅速取代传统的内燃发动机而采用电动马达。

新的,经COVID调整的IDTechEx预测报告 "电动,混合动力和燃料电池轻型商用车2021-2041" 提供了关键地区电动轻型商用车采用20年的详细前景;中国,欧洲,美国和世界其他地区。

该报告包含概述eLCV销售,渗透率,市场收入和电池需求的市场预测。该报告对于整个汽车行业的公司(包括OEM,电池制造商,电力传动系统零件和系统供应商,材料和研究机构,为基础设施开发商,政府机构和拥有大量LCV车队的公司)具有巨大的价值。

IDTechEx电动,混合动力和燃料电池轻型商用车2021-2041的预测细分:

  • 通过技术:电池电动(BEV),插电式混合动力(PHEV)和燃料电池电动(FCEV)轻型商用车
  • 按地理区域划分:北美,中国,欧洲(EU + EFTA)和ROW以及全球总体预测。
  • 20年前景:销售额(单位),市场渗透率(%),市场收入(美元)和电池需求(GWh)。

报告中还包括:

    [li] 2021-2041 eLCV销售预测,每个欧洲国家/地区每年的LCV销量超过75,000个(即比利时,法国,德国,意大利,荷兰,西班牙,英国)和挪威。

与预测一起,电动,混合动力和燃料电池轻型商用车2021-2041报告为每个关键区域的可寻址LCV市场提供了背景。描述这些地区中每个地区的eLCV市场的现状,重点介绍主要参与者;并著眼于推动电动轻型商用车增长的不同驱动因素,包括总拥有成本方面的考虑。


2019年欧洲轻型商用车销售来源:IDTechEx Electric,混合动力和燃料电池轻型商用车2021-2041,ACEA


LCV市场在电动汽车快速普及方面具有独特的地位,原因有以下几个:

LCV购买决策通常是基于总运营成本(TCO)制定的。与燃料乘用车市场的私人客户的情况相比,LCV购买者的决策过程以更大的程度取代了燃料,从而大大节省了电力(代替柴油),从而节省了电力通常是决定因素。在可以证明电动汽车的总拥有成本优势的地方,这成为操作员驾驶电动汽车的竞争优势。对于较小的货车,有证据表明情况已经如此。对于大型货车,总拥有成本的优势取决于政府通过购买赠款获得的支持水平。


小型货车的累计成本(千美元)来源:IDTechEx电动,混合动力和燃料电池轻型商用车2021-2041


车队经理对自己的车辆的日常职责有详尽的瞭解。由于LCV运营商瞭解他们的车辆每天需要行驶的里程,因此对于LCV市场而言,范围焦虑不应成为问题。OEM必须与客户进行售前合作,首先瞭解他们的车辆在最坏的情况(冷,满载,交通拥堵等)下是否能够满足日常任务,然后进一步与他们合作优化电池尺寸和充电策略以满足客户需求,从而降低车辆的前期成本并最大程度地减少已安装电池的重量。

除了所有燃料驱动的汽车都普遍关注的燃油效率/CO2排放以及其对全球气候的影响之外,eLCV的另一个驱动因素是废气排放对当地空气质量的影响。LCV通常在城市环境中用作物流链中的关键要素。越来越多的证据表明,废气污染物的排放,尤其是NOx和PM的排放,对当地的空气质量和公共卫生具有有害影响。直接的结果是,许多大城市正在引入限制污染车辆进入市中心的机制。内燃机驱动的车辆将越来越需要支付费用才能进入城市内的低排放区,从而大大增加了其运营成本。城市化和电子商务的持续增长势必会增加对商品交付的需求,但拥挤的城市地区的废气排放关税将使eLCV成为满足需求的廉价方式。

总体拥有成本对LCV购买者来说很重要,并且将成为推动购买的动力,但是IDTechEx预计,在短期内,由商用车队运营商开展的试点项目将逐步扩大,以确立eLCV满足企业需求操作要求。验证期对于车队运营商确定实际运行中的车辆续航里程,负载容量,有效载荷重量和可靠性足以替代现有柴油车队将是必要的。一旦证明了这一点,就会开始用eLCV广泛替代老化的柴油LCV。

从IDTechEx进行分析访问

所有报告购买都包括长达30分钟的电话通话时间,该电话与一位专家分析师联系,他将帮助您将报告中的关键发现与您要解决的业务问题联系起来。需要在购买报告后的三个月内使用。

目录

1。E XECUTIVE概要

  • 1.1。eLCV即将到来的繁荣
  • 1.2。电动LCV单位销量BEV,PHEV,FCEV 2017-2041
  • 1.3。电动LCV和Covid-19
  • 1.4。插电式混合LCV
  • 1.5。全球预测要点
  • 1.6。预测Takeaw AYS
  • 1.7。2017-2041年按地区划分的eLCV(BEV,PHEV,FCEV)销量(万辆)
  • 1.8。2017-2041年各地区eLCV(BEV,PHEV,FCEV)电池的预测(GWh)
  • 1.9。2017-2041年按地区划分的eLCV市场收入(十亿美元)

2。简介N

  • 2.1。电动车条款
  • 2.2。电动汽车:基本原理
  • 2.3。电动汽车:典型规格
  • 2.4。LCV定义
  • 2.5。陆路货物运输的不同部分
  • 2.6。大众公路卡车的类型
  • 2.7。LCV车队说明(按地区)
  • 2.8。核心驱动力:气候变化
  • 2.9。运输产生的全球二氧化碳排放量
  • 2.10。LCV部门的二氧化碳排放量
  • 2.11。LCV部门的二氧化碳排放量
  • 2.12。城市空气质量
  • 2.13。城市空气质量
  • 2.14。城市空气质量
  • 2.15。印度的污染
  • 2.16。公路运输是城市氮氧化物的主要来源
  • 2.17。化石燃料禁令:解释
  • 2.18。官方或经立法的化石燃料禁令(国家)
  • 2.19。非官方,起草或拟议的化石燃料禁令(国家)
  • 2.20。化石燃料禁令(城市)
  • 2.21。全球货运业
  • 2.22。公路货运市场
  • 2.23。预计全球公路货运活动将增加
  • 2.24。电子商务的兴起:货运需求增加
  • 2.25。新LCV的燃油/排放法规
  • 2.26。轻型货车的温室气体排放
  • 2.27。欧洲排放标准:LCV
  • 2.28。LCV电动化的驱动力
  • 2.29。E LCV市场驱动
  • 2.30。采用eLCV的注意事项
  • 2.31。eLCV提供足够的范围吗?
  • 2.32。eLCV提供足够的范围吗?
  • 2.33。eLCV提供足够的范围吗?
  • 2.34。eLCV提供足够的范围吗?
3。IDTECHEX TCO计算
  • 3.1。总拥有成本
  • 3.2。环境商誉不足以吸收eLCV
  • 3.3。eLCV的TCO注意事项
  • 3.4。克服低排放技术的障碍
  • 3.5。例如:eLCV的总体拥有成本(Renault Kangoo)
  • 3.6。示例:eLCV的TCO(日产e-NV200)
  • 3.7。柴油和eLCV之间的TCO平价时间表
  • 3.8。电动和柴油LCV成本平价
  • 3.9。IDTechEx电池电动货车的TCO分析
  • 3。10. TCO:小型货车
  • 3.11。TCO分析假设:小型货车
  • 3.12。小型eVan收支平衡点
  • 3.13。小型eVan收支平衡:购买赠款
  • 3.14。小型eVan收支平衡:每日占空比范围
  • 3.15。TCO:中型货车
  • 3.16。TCO分析假设:中型货车
  • 3.17。没有购买授权的中等eVan收支平衡
  • 3.18。中型eVan收支平衡:购买赠款
  • 3.19。中型eVan收支平衡:每日工作周期范围
  • 3.20。TCO:大型货车
  • 3.21。TCO分析是假设:大型货车
  • 3.22。没有购买补助金的大型eVan收支平衡
  • 3.23。大型eVan收支平衡:购买赠款
  • 3.24。大型eVan收支平衡:每日工作周期范围
  • 3.25。TCO摘要:小型,中型和大型电动货车
  • 3.26。增强eVans的TCO优势

4。欧洲

  • 4.1。欧洲:2019年LCV销量
  • 4.2。欧洲轻型商用车市场
  • 4.3。欧洲在用LCV车队和新注册
  • 4.4。欧洲8大LCV车队的新注册
  • 4.5。2018欧洲eLCV销售
  • 4.6。2019欧洲eLCV销售
  • 4.7。欧洲eLCV销量增加
  • 4.8。市场前景:国家和地方政策
  • 4.9。欧洲eLCV市场领导者
  • 4.10。在欧洲流行的电动轻型卡车
  • 4.11。StreetScooter时间轴
  • 4.12。StreetScooter:路的尽头
  • 4.13。2019大型eLCV的兴起?
  • 4.14。移动者2019:戴姆勒进入竞争
  • 4.15。大量增加eVan型号选择
  • 4.16。新型e-LCV车型 4.17。福特全顺定制PHEV
  • 4.18。可用的PHEV LCV
  • 4.19。插电式混合LCV
  • 4.20。2020年eLCV的大订单
  • 4.21。新来港定居人士
  • 4.22。到达的商业模式
  • 4.23。欧洲提供eLCV的规格
  • 4.24。欧洲的电动轻型卡车:紧凑型多功能车
  • 4.25。英国电动舰队联盟

5。ELCVS在中国

  • 5.1。中国轻型商用车市场
  • 5.2。中国:电动专用车销售2018
  • 5.3。中国:商用车销售2019
  • 5.4。中国:2018年SPV产量前15名制造商
  • 5.5。中国:电动SPV生产2019
  • 5.6。中国新能源汽车eLCV产销量在2019年下降
  • 5.7。中国最畅销的新能源LCV
  • 5.8。中国最畅销的新能源LCV
  • 5.9。中国最受欢迎的大型电动LCV
  • 5.10。中国:中国eLCV的主要电池供应商
  • 5.11。中国新能源汽车市场的电池供应商
  • 5.12。中国:中国eLC V的主要电机供应商
  • 5.13。中国LCV电动化的推动力
  • 5.14。城市目标
  • 5.15。市场前景:中国电动轻型卡车
  • 5.16。中国支持二,三线城市的e-SPV销售
  • 5.17。带有紫外线消毒功能的北汽EV5应对covid- 19

6。美国的ELCVS

  • 6.1。美国:2018年商用LCV销售
  • 6.2。美国:2019年商用LCV销售
  • 6.3。美国商用轻型商用车销量增长
  • 6.4。美国LCV OEM销售
  • 6.5。加州的高级清洁卡车单组特征研
  • 6.6。CARB优惠券激励项目
  • 6.7。闪电系统-电动福特过境货运LCV
  • 6.8。主力C系列电动货车
  • 6.9。里维安/亚马逊电力交付LCV
  • 6.10。Rivian:亚马逊提供三种尺寸的LCV
  • 6.11。Bollinger Motors提供E全电动概念车
  • 6.12。业力汽车E-Flex Utility LCV
  • 6.13。福特:最后是一家在美国提供eVan选件的OEM
  • 6.14。通用汽车全电动交付LCV BV1
  • 6.15。在美国流行的电动LCV
  • 6.16。eLCV需求:企业电动汽车联盟
  • 6.17。在美国推动LCV车队电气化的业务吗?

7。行中的精靈

  • 7.1。丰田PROACE
  • 7.2。山到/DHL StreetScooter
  • 7.3。三菱MiniCab MiEV LCV
  • 7.4。现代Porter EV和Kia Bongo EV
  • 7.5。塔塔汽车王牌
  • 7.6。Mahindra eSupro货运LCV
  • 7.7。Mahindra和REE eLCV合作
  • 7.8。Maruti Suzuki印度Eeco挑战概念
  • 7.9。Croyance Electro 1.T和Electro 2.T
  • 7.10。SEA E4V交付LCV

8。技术

  • 8.1。锂离子电池
    • 8.1.1。什么是锂离子电池?
    • 8.1.2。电池困境
    • 8.1。3.电化学定义
    • 8.1.4。锂电池家族树
    • 8.1.5。电池愿望清单
    • 8.1.6。超过一种锂离子电池
    • 8.1.7。NMC:111至811
    • 8.1.8。钴:价格波动
    • 8.1.9。阴极性能比较
    • 8.1.10。811个商业化示例
    • 8.1.11。商业阳极:石墨
    • 8.1.12。矽基阳极的承诺
    • 8.1.13。矽的现实
    • 8.1.14。矽:增量步驟
    • 8.1 .15。单元格中有什么?
    • 8.1.16。惰性材料会对能量密度产生负面影响
    • 8.1.17。商业电池包装技术
    • 8.1.18。商业细胞几何结构的比较
    • 8.1.19。什么是NCMA?
    • 8.1.20。锂离子电池以外的锂电池
    • 8.1.21。锂离子化学快照:2020,2025,2030
  • 8.2。电动牵引电机
    • 8.2.1。牵引电机:简介
    • 8.2.2。牵引电机:简介
    • 8.2 .3。无刷直流电动机(BLDC):工作原理
    • 8.2.4。BLDC电机:优势与劣势
    • 8.2.5。BLDC Motors:基准评分
    • 8.2.6。永磁同步电动机(PMSM):工作原理
    • 8.2.7。PMSM:优势,劣势
    • 8.2.8。PMSM:基准评分
    • 8.2.9。绕线转子同步电动机(WRSM):工作原理
    • 8.2.10。WRSM汽车:标杆得分
    • 8.2.11。WRSM:优势与劣势
    • 8.2.12。交流感应电动机(ACIM):工作原理
    • 8.2.13。交流感应电动机(ACIM)
    • 8.2.14。交流感应电动机:基准评分
    • 8.2.15。交流感应电动机:优点,缺点
    • 8.2.16。磁阻电机
    • 8.2.17。磁阻电机:工作原理
    • 8.2.18。开关磁阻电机(SRM)
    • 8.2.19。开关磁阻电机:基准评分
    • 8.2.20。永磁辅助磁阻(PMAR)
    • 8.2.21。PMAR Motors:基准评分
  • 8.3。电动牵引电机:总结和基准测试结果
    • 8.3.1。牵引电机结构比较及优点
    • 8.3.2。标杆电动牵引电机
    • 8.3.3。电机效率比较
    • 8.3.4。磁铁价格上涨?
    • 8.3.5。多电机:解释
    • 8.3.6。轻型货车和卡车
    • 8.3.7。每辆车的电机和每辆车的kWp假设
    • 8.3.8。刷式直流电:LCV的市场份额很小
    • 8.3.9。轻型卡车和卡车的汽车前景
  • 8.4。燃料电池
    • 8.4.1。质子交换膜燃料电池
    • 8.4.2。燃料电池效率低下和冷却方法
    • 8.4.3。燃料电池的挑战
    • 8.4.4。基础设施成本
    • 8.4.5。美国的燃料电池充电基础设施
    • 8 .4.6。每英里燃油成本:FCEV,BEV,内燃
    • 8.4.7。燃料电池LCV
    • 8.4.8。燃料电池LCV规格示例
    • 8.4.9。燃料电池LCV的前景

9。预测

  • 9.1。预测假设
  • 9.2。预测方法
  • 9.3。市场预测:欧洲eLCV的平均电池容量(kWh)2021-2041
  • 9.4。市场预测:中国eLCV的平均电池容量(kWh)2021-2041
  • 9.5。市场预测:美国2021-2041年eLCV(kWh)的平均电池容量城市
  • 9.6。市场预测:RoW 2021-2041中的eLCV的平均电池容量(kWh)
  • 9.7。LCV市场预测2017-2041
  • 9.8。LCV全球销量(万辆)2017-2041
  • 9.9。eLCV(BEV,PHEV,FCEV)全球销量2017-2041
  • 9.10。2017-2041年各地区eLCV(BEV,PHEV,FCEV)的销量
  • 9.11。eLCV 2017-2041年全球LCV市场份额预测
  • 9.12。2017-2041年全球eLCV电池需求量(GWh)
  • 9.13。2017-2041年按地区预测的eLCV(BEV,PHEV,FCEV)电池(GWh)
  • 9.14。2017-2041年eLCV市场收入预测(十亿美元)
  • 9.15。2017-2041年按地区划分的eLCV市场收入预测(十亿美元)
  • 9.16。eLCV(FCEV)已安装燃料电池的地区预测(MW)
  • 9.17。法国eLC V的普及和销售,通往2041年的道路
  • 9.18。英国eLCV的普及和销售,通往2041年的道路
  • 9.19。德国eLCV的普及和销售,通往2041年的道路
目录

Title:
Electric, Hybrid & Fuel Cell Light Commercial Vehicles 2021-2041
COVID adjusted regional sales, penetration, battery demand and market value forecasts for electric, plug-in hybrid and fuel cell light commercial vehicles 2021-2041. Europe, China, and the US: players, technology, and drivers for electrification.

Astute businesses are recognising that electrifying their light commercial vehicle fleets is not only a successful mechanism by which they can demonstrate their green credentials to their customers, but is also, increasingly, the prudent economic decision.

Whilst there are differing motivations for commercial vehicle electrification in each of the key geographical markets, there are strong drivers in each which are pushing them towards the rapid adoption of electric motors in place of conventional internal combustion engines.

The new, COVID adjusted, IDTechEx forecast report "Electric, Hybrid & Fuel Cell Light Commercial Vehicles 2021-2041" provides a detailed twenty-year outlook for the uptake of electric light commercial vehicles across key regions; China, Europe, the US, and the rest of the world.

The report contains market forecasts outlining eLCV sales, penetration, market revenue, and battery demand. This report will be of great value to companies across the automotive industry including OEMs, battery manufactures, electric drivetrain parts and systems suppliers, materials, and research organisations, charging infrastructure developers, government agencies and companies with significant LCV fleets.

IDTechEx Electric, Hybrid & Fuel Cell Light Commercial Vehicles 2021-2041 forecast segmentation:

  • By technology: battery electric (BEV), plug-in hybrid (PHEV) and fuel cell electric (FCEV) light commercial vehicles
  • By geography: North America, China, Europe (EU + EFTA) and ROW as well as an aggregate global forecast.
  • 20-year outlook: sales (units), market penetration (%), market revenue ($), and battery demand (GWh).

Also included with the report:

  • 2021-2041 eLCV sales forecasts for each European country with greater than 75,000 LCV units sales p.a. (i.e. Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Spain, UK) and Norway.

Along with the forecasts, the Electric, Hybrid & Fuel Cell Light Commercial Vehicles 2021-2041 report provides a background to the addressable LCV market in each of the key regions; describes the current state of the eLCV market in each of these regions, highlighting the major players; and looks at the distinct drivers that are promoting the growth of electric light commercial vehicles including total cost of ownership considerations.


European Light Commercial Vehicle Sales 2019 Source: IDTechEx Electric, Hybrid & Fuel Cell Light Commercial Vehicles 2021-2041, ACEA


The LCV market is uniquely positioned for the rapid uptake of electric vehicles for several reasons, which include:

LCV purchase decisions are commonly made on a total cost of operation (TCO) basis. The significant operational cost saving of electricity, in place of diesel, as a fuel is incorporated into the decision-making process of an LCV purchaser to a much greater degree than is the case for private customers in the electric passenger car market, where upfront cost is more often the determining factor. Where the TCO benefit of an electric vehicle can be demonstrated, it becomes a competitive advantage for operators to run electric vehicles. For smaller vans there is evidence that this is already the case. For larger vans, TCO advantage is dependent on the level of government support through purchase grants.


Cumulative Small Van Cost ($ thousands) Source: IDTechEx Electric, Hybrid & Fuel Cell Light Commercial Vehicles 2021-2041


Fleet managers have a detailed knowledge of the daily duty requirements of their vehicles. As LCV operators understand the daily mileage they require from their vehicles, range anxiety should not be an issue for the LCV market. OEMs must work with their customers, pre-sale, to understand firstly if their vehicle can meet the daily duty demand in the worst case scenario (cold, fully laden, congested traffic, etc.) and further to this, to work with them to optimise the battery size and charging strategy to meet their customers' needs, with the effect of reducing the upfront cost of the vehicle and minimising the weight of the installed battery.

Along with the concerns common to all combustion driven vehicles around fuel efficiency / CO2 emission and the impact of this on the global climate, a further driver for eLCV is the effect of exhaust emissions on local air quality. LCVs are often employed in urban environments as a key element in the logistics chain. There is growing evidence of the detrimental impact that exhaust pollutant emissions, especially NOx and PM, have on local air quality and public health. As a direct result, many large cities are in the process of introducing mechanisms to limit the access of polluting vehicles to city centres. Combustion engine driven vehicles will increasingly have to pay to access low emission zones within cities, vastly increasing their operating costs. Urbanisation and the continued growth of e-commerce is set to increase demand for the delivery of goods, but the tariff on exhaust emissions in congested urban areas will make eLCV the cheapest way to meet the demand.

The total cost of ownership is important to LCV purchasers and will be a driving force for uptake, however in the short term IDTechEx expect there to be a period of progressively larger pilot projects, conducted by commercial fleet operators to establish that eLCVs meet the businesses' operational requirements. This period of validation will be necessary for fleet operators to determine that the vehicle range, load volume capacity, payload weight and reliability in real-world operation are sufficient to replace the existing diesel fleet. Once this has been shown, the widespread replacement of ageing diesel LCVs with eLCV will begin.

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Table of Contents

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • 1.1. Imminent Boom in eLCVs
  • 1.2. Electric LCV Unit Sales BEV, PHEV, FCEV 2017-2041
  • 1.3. Electric LCVs and Covid-19
  • 1.4. Plug-in hybrid LCVs
  • 1.5. Global Forecast Takeaways
  • 1.6. Forecast Takeaways
  • 1.7. eLCV (BEV, PHEV, FCEV) sales by region 2017-2041 (000s units)
  • 1.8. eLCV (BEV, PHEV, FCEV) battery forecast by region 2017-2041 (GWh)
  • 1.9. eLCV market revenue forecast by region 2017-2041 ($US billion)

2. INTRODUCTION

  • 2.1. Electric Vehicle Terms
  • 2.2. Electric Vehicles: Basic Principle
  • 2.3. Electric Vehicles: Typical Specs
  • 2.4. LCV Definition
  • 2.5. Different segments of goods transportation by land
  • 2.6. Types of popular on-road truck
  • 2.7. LCV fleet description by region
  • 2.8. The Core Driver: Climate Change
  • 2.9. Global CO2 emission from transport
  • 2.10. CO2 emissions from the LCV sector
  • 2.11. CO2 emission from the LCV sector
  • 2.12. Urban air quality
  • 2.13. Urban air quality
  • 2.14. Urban air quality
  • 2.15. Pollution in India
  • 2.16. Road transport the main source of urban NOx
  • 2.17. Fossil Fuel Bans: Explained
  • 2.18. Official or Legislated Fossil Fuel Bans (National)
  • 2.19. Unofficial, Drafted or Proposed Fossil Fuel Bans (National)
  • 2.20. Fossil Fuel Bans (Cities)
  • 2.21. The worldwide freight transport industry
  • 2.22. Road Freight Market
  • 2.23. Projected increase in global road freight activity
  • 2.24. The rise of e-commerce: increased freight demand
  • 2.25. Fuel / emissions regulation for new LCVs
  • 2.26. GHG emission from LCVs
  • 2.27. Europe Emissions Standards: LCVs
  • 2.28. Drivers for LCV Electrification
  • 2.29. eLCV Market Drivers
  • 2.30. Considerations for eLCV adoption
  • 2.31. Do eLCVs offer sufficient range?
  • 2.32. Do eLCVs offer sufficient range?
  • 2.33. Do eLCVs offer sufficient range?
  • 2.34. Do eLCVs offer sufficient range?

3. IDTECHEX TCO CALCULATIONS

  • 3.1. Total Cost of Ownership
  • 3.2. Environmental goodwill insufficient for uptake of eLCV
  • 3.3. TCO considerations for eLCV
  • 3.4. Overcoming barriers for low emission technologies
  • 3.5. Example: TCO for eLCV (Renault Kangoo)
  • 3.6. Example: TCO for eLCV (Nissan e-NV200)
  • 3.7. Timeline for TCO parity between diesel and eLCV
  • 3.8. Electric and diesel LCV cost parity
  • 3.9. IDTechEx Battery-Electric Van TCO Analysis
  • 3.10. TCO: Small Vans
  • 3.11. TCO Analysis Assumptions: Small Van
  • 3.12. Small eVan Break-Even Point
  • 3.13. Small eVan Break-Even: Purchase Grant
  • 3.14. Small eVan Break-Even: Daily Duty Cycle Range
  • 3.15. TCO: Medium Vans
  • 3.16. TCO Analysis Assumptions: Medium Van
  • 3.17. Medium eVan Break-Even Without Purchase Grant
  • 3.18. Medium eVan Break-Even: Purchase Grant
  • 3.19. Medium eVan Break-Even: Daily Duty Cycle Range
  • 3.20. TCO: Large Vans
  • 3.21. TCO Analysis Assumptions: Large Van
  • 3.22. Large eVan Break-Even Without Purchase Grant
  • 3.23. Large eVan Break-Even: Purchase Grant
  • 3.24. Large eVan Break-Even: Daily Duty Cycle Range
  • 3.25. TCO Summary: Small, Medium and Large Electric Vans
  • 3.26. Strengthening TCO advantage for eVans

4. EUROPE

  • 4.1. Europe: LCV sales 2019
  • 4.2. European market for LCVs
  • 4.3. European in-use LCV fleet and new registrations
  • 4.4. New registrations in Europe's 8 largest LCV fleets
  • 4.5. 2018 European eLCV Sales
  • 4.6. 2019 European eLCV Sales
  • 4.7. Increasing eLCV sales in Europe
  • 4.8. Market outlook: national and local policy
  • 4.9. European eLCV market leaders
  • 4.10. Popular e-LCVs in Europe
  • 4.11. StreetScooter Timeline
  • 4.12. StreetScooter: End of the Road
  • 4.13. 2019 Rise of the large eLCV?
  • 4.14. Movers 2019: Daimler enter the fray
  • 4.15. Vastly increasing eVan model choice
  • 4.16. New e-LCV models
  • 4.17. Ford Transit Custom PHEV
  • 4.18. Available PHEV LCVs
  • 4.19. Plug-in hybrid LCVs
  • 4.20. 2020 Large Orders for eLCV
  • 4.21. A New Arrival
  • 4.22. Arrival's Business Model
  • 4.23. Specifications of eLCVs available in Europe
  • 4.24. e-LCVs in Europe: compact utility vehicles
  • 4.25. UK Electric Fleets Coalition

5. ELCVS IN CHINA

  • 5.1. Chinese Market for LCVs
  • 5.2. China: Electric Special-Purpose Vehicle Sales 2018
  • 5.3. China: Commercial Vehicle Sales 2019
  • 5.4. China: SPV Production 2018 Top 15 Manufacturers
  • 5.5. China: Electric SPV Production 2019
  • 5.6. China NEV eLCV production / sales fall in 2019
  • 5.7. Best selling new energy LCVs in China
  • 5.8. Best selling new energy LCVs in China
  • 5.9. Popular Larger Electric LCVs in China
  • 5.10. China: Main Battery Suppliers to Chinese eLCVs
  • 5.11. Battery suppliers to the Chinese NEV SPV Market
  • 5.12. China: Main Motor Suppliers to Chinese eLCVs
  • 5.13. Drivers for the electrification of LCVs in China
  • 5.14. City Targets
  • 5.15. Market Outlook: China eLCVs
  • 5.16. China to support e-SPV sales in 2nd and 3rd Tier Cities
  • 5.17. BAIC EV5 with UV disinfection to counter covid-19

6. ELCVS IN THE US

  • 6.1. US: Commercial LCV Sales 2018
  • 6.2. US: Commercial LCV Sales 2019
  • 6.3. Growth in US commercial LCV sales
  • 6.4. US LCV Sales by OEM
  • 6.5. California's Advanced Clean Trucks Regulation
  • 6.6. CARB Voucher Incentive Project
  • 6.7. Lightning Systems - Electric Ford Transit Cargo LCV
  • 6.8. Workhorse C-Series Electric Delivery Trucks
  • 6.9. Rivian / Amazon electric delivery LCV
  • 6.10. Rivian: Three sizes of delivery LCV for Amazon
  • 6.11. Bollinger Motors Deliver-E All-Electric Concept LCV
  • 6.12. Karma Automotive E-Flex Utility LCV
  • 6.13. Ford: Finally an OEM offering an eVan option in the US
  • 6.14. General Motors All-Electric Delivery LCV BV1
  • 6.15. Popular Electric LCVs in the US
  • 6.16. eLCV Demand: Corporate Electric Vehicle Alliance
  • 6.17. Business to drive electrification of LCV fleet in US?

7. ELCVS IN THE ROW

  • 7.1. Toyota PROACE
  • 7.2. Yamato / DHL StreetScooter
  • 7.3. Mitsubishi MiniCab MiEV LCV
  • 7.4. Hyundai Porter EV and Kia Bongo EV
  • 7.5. Tata Motors Ace
  • 7.6. Mahindra eSupro Cargo LCV
  • 7.7. Mahindra and REE eLCV Partnership
  • 7.8. Maruti Suzuki India Eeco Charge Concept
  • 7.9. Croyance Electro 1.T and Electro 2.T
  • 7.10. SEA E4V Delivery LCV

8. TECHNOLOGIES

  • 8.1. Li-ion Batteries
    • 8.1.1. What is a Li-ion battery?
    • 8.1.2. The Battery Trilemma
    • 8.1.3. Electrochemistry Definitions
    • 8.1.4. Lithium-based Battery Family Tree
    • 8.1.5. Battery Wish List
    • 8.1.6. More Than One Type of Li-ion battery
    • 8.1.7. NMC: from 111 to 811
    • 8.1.8. Cobalt: Price Volatility
    • 8.1.9. Cathode Performance Comparison
    • 8.1.10. 811 Commercialisation Examples
    • 8.1.11. Commercial Anodes: Graphite
    • 8.1.12. The Promise of Silicon-based Anodes
    • 8.1.13. The Reality of Silicon
    • 8.1.14. Silicon: Incremental Steps
    • 8.1.15. What is in a Cell?
    • 8.1.16. Inactive Materials Negatively Affect Energy Density
    • 8.1.17. Commercial Battery Packaging Technologies
    • 8.1.18. Comparison of Commercial Cell Geometries
    • 8.1.19. What is NCMA?
    • 8.1.20. Lithium-based Batteries Beyond Li-ion
    • 8.1.21. Li-ion Chemistry Snapshot: 2020, 2025, 2030
  • 8.2. Electric Traction Motors
    • 8.2.1. Electric Traction Motors: Introduction
    • 8.2.2. Electric Traction Motors: Introduction
    • 8.2.3. Brushless DC Motors (BLDC): Working Principle
    • 8.2.4. BLDC Motors: Advantages, Disadvantages
    • 8.2.5. BLDC Motors: Benchmarking Scores
    • 8.2.6. Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors (PMSM): Working Principle
    • 8.2.7. PMSM: Advantages, Disadvantages
    • 8.2.8. PMSM: Benchmarking Scores
    • 8.2.9. Wound Rotor Synchronous Motor (WRSM): Working Principle
    • 8.2.10. WRSM Motors: Benchmarking Scores
    • 8.2.11. WRSM: Advantages, Disadvantages
    • 8.2.12. AC Induction Motors (ACIM): Working Principle
    • 8.2.13. AC Induction Motor (ACIM)
    • 8.2.14. AC Induction Motors: Benchmarking Scores
    • 8.2.15. AC Induction Motor: Advantages, Disadvantages
    • 8.2.16. Reluctance Motors
    • 8.2.17. Reluctance Motor: Working Principle
    • 8.2.18. Switched Reluctance Motor (SRM)
    • 8.2.19. Switched Reluctance Motors: Benchmarking Scores
    • 8.2.20. Permanent Magnet Assisted Reluctance (PMAR)
    • 8.2.21. PMAR Motors: Benchmarking Scores
  • 8.3. Electric Traction Motors: Summary and Benchmarking Results
    • 8.3.1. Comparison of Traction Motor Construction and Merits
    • 8.3.2. Benchmarking Electric Traction Motors
    • 8.3.3. Motor Efficiency Comparison
    • 8.3.4. Magnet Price Increase?
    • 8.3.5. Multiple Motors: Explained
    • 8.3.6. LCVs & Trucks
    • 8.3.7. Motors per Vehicle and kWp per Vehicle Assumptions
    • 8.3.8. Brushed DC: Small Presence in LCVs
    • 8.3.9. LCVs and Trucks Motor Outlook
  • 8.4. Fuel Cells
    • 8.4.1. Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells
    • 8.4.2. Fuel Cell Inefficiency and Cooling Methods
    • 8.4.3. Challenges for Fuel Cells
    • 8.4.4. Infrastructure Costs
    • 8.4.5. Fuel Cell Charging Infrastructure in the US
    • 8.4.6. Fuel Cost per Mile: FCEV, BEV, internal-combustion
    • 8.4.7. Fuel Cell LCVs
    • 8.4.8. Example Fuel Cell LCV Specifications
    • 8.4.9. Outlook for Fuel Cell LCVs

9. FORECASTS

  • 9.1. Forecast Assumptions
  • 9.2. Forecast Methodology
  • 9.3. Market forecast: Average battery capacity for eLCV (kWh) in Europe 2021-2041
  • 9.4. Market forecast: Average battery capacity for eLCV (kWh) in China 2021-2041
  • 9.5. Market forecast: Average battery capacity for eLCV (kWh) in the US 2021-2041
  • 9.6. Market forecast: Average battery capacity for eLCV (kWh) in the RoW 2021-2041
  • 9.7. LCV Market Forecasts 2017-2041
  • 9.8. LCV global sales (000s units) 2017-2041
  • 9.9. eLCV (BEV, PHEV, FCEV) global sales 2017-2041
  • 9.10. eLCV (BEV, PHEV, FCEV) sales by region 2017-2041
  • 9.11. Global LCV market share forecast for eLCV 2017-2041
  • 9.12. Global eLCV battery requirement (GWh) 2017-2041
  • 9.13. eLCV (BEV, PHEV, FCEV) battery forecast by region (GWh) 2017-2041
  • 9.14. eLCV market revenue forecast ($ Billion) 2017-2041
  • 9.15. eLCV market revenue forecast by region ($ billion) 2017-2041
  • 9.16. eLCV (FCEV) installed fuel cell forecast by region (MW)
  • 9.17. France eLCV penetration and sales, pathway to 2041
  • 9.18. UK eLCV penetration and sales, pathway to 2041
  • 9.19. Germany eLCV penetration and sales, pathway to 2041