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塑胶光纤(POF)市场与技术的评估

Plastic Optical Fiber Market & Technology Assessment Study - 2020 Edition

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出版日期 内容资讯 英文 321 Pages
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塑胶光纤(POF)市场与技术的评估 Plastic Optical Fiber Market & Technology Assessment Study - 2020 Edition
出版日期: 2020年01月01日内容资讯: 英文 321 Pages
简介

透过塑胶光纤(POF)的数据产业由于欧洲汽车厂商及新技术的开发等而达到急速成长。产业用控制装置及医疗部门的引进依旧是产业中心,并持续稳定成长。和通讯部门不同,POF可用于许多产业部门,可说在业界不景气时该市场也仍强势。此外,由于在光源及连接、光纤领域上新技术开发的发展,解除了频宽及距离上的限制,并拓展了往新用途发展的可能性。和玻璃光纤(GOF)相比下也毫不逊色的POF评价正在日益高升,并展现出达到飞跃性发展的潜力。

本报告详细分析POF(塑胶光纤)的市场与技术,提供POF的普及推动因素和与其他技术的比较,全球各国推进的技术开发状况,汇整技术方面的特征和各种的相关技术,主要用途,成长预测等资料,为您概述为以下内容。

摘要整理

第1章 简介

第2章 POF的优点

  • 易于连结
  • 耐用性
  • 大口径
  • 低成本
  • 光纤的成本
  • 传送器
  • 可空间分割多重化(SDM)
  • 接收器
  • 连接器
  • 检验设备
  • 安装
  • 维护
  • 处理的容易度
  • 安全性
  • 频宽
  • 其他类型的光纤开发
  • 可望普及于许多市场的POF
  • 标准化的发展
  • 成长可能性
  • 尺寸的问题
  • 活用开发于GOF用的低价元件之优点的PF GI-POF

第3章 铜制电纜·GOF·POF比较

  • 安装者的见解

第4章 POF的发展的过程与组织

  • 历史性的觀点
  • 全球各地的POF相关组织

第5章 POF系统的技术性特征

  • 光纤系统的基本技术因素
  • 光纤的类型
  • 塑胶光纤

第6章 光源

  • LED
  • 共振腔LED(RC-LED)
  • 雷射二极体
  • 垂直谐振面射型雷射(VCSEL)
  • 蓝、绿POF光源预测
  • 高速POF接收器

第7章 Optical Connectors and Splicing

  • Connectorization
  • POF连接的类型
  • splicing
  • OptoLock:无连接器
  • 球点连接器

第8章 耦合器

  • 光汇流排与光交换器
  • 利用耦合器的交换器

第9章 POF电纜

第10章 整合光技术

  • 平面波导及其他被动式设备
  • 全像技术

第11章 镜片

  • 聚合镜片
  • POF支援的量效率光学concentrator

第12章 Fiber Bragg Gratings

第13章 光放大器

  • 庆应大学
  • 色素POF雷射性能上的系数分析模式
  • 内建信号放大用有机半导体的POF

第14章 检验设备

  • OTDR

第15章 POF系统 - 乙太网路范例

第16章 乙太网路POF硬体设备

  • Commercial Silicon for Gigabit Communication over SI-POF
  • Ethernet POF Media Converter for ITU Standard G.hn
  • G.hn Chip Sets
  • Gigabit Ethernet Standard
  • Gigabit Ethernet OptoLock

第17章 POF数据通讯系统范例

  • 简介
  • 应用范围
  • 光耦合器
  • 印刷电路板互相连接
  • 数位音频介面
  • 飞机用数据链接
  • 汽车用POF设备
  • LAN
  • IEEE 1394 FireWire
  • 收费处
  • 工厂自动化
  • 医疗用途
  • 高电压绝缘
  • 家庭网路
  • 检验设备
  • POF感测器
  • 安全
  • EMI/RFI
  • 油压升降机
  • 铁路
  • Controller Area Network(CAN)
  • POS终端
  • 机器人
  • 可编程控制器
  • 监视录影机
  • 高速影音
  • 家庭影片
  • 数位电子看板

第18章 POF成本比较

  • Avago白皮书

第19章 POF与相关标准

  • 催促标准化的要素
  • POF标准的趋势
  • POF标准发展历史
  • 含POF的目前标准

第20章 零组件与检查

  • 简介
  • IEC
  • VDI/VDE
  • 标准的摘要

第22章 POF供应商

  • POF电纜
  • 半导体(收发器)
  • 光源(收发器)
  • 光二极体
  • 连接器
  • 耦合器
  • 检验设备
  • splicing
  • 介质转换器
  • 数据链接
  • POF网路
  • 网路电视设备的供应商
  • 其他的POF被动组件
  • 其他的主动组件

第23章 POF零组件价格的趋势

  • MOST标准的影响
  • POF光纤的价格
  • 电纜
  • cable assembly—
  • POF发射器和接收器
  • POF资料零组件相关的结论
  • graded目录PMMA POF
  • 全氟化GI-POF
  • 含氯高分子
  • POF零组件的目标价格

第24章 市场促进因素

  • 技术
  • 标准
  • 市场需求
  • 政府的资金提供
  • 终端用户的启发
  • 行销的配合措施
  • 主要企业的缺失
  • 与变革的阻力现有基础建设

第25章 POF的市场与今后的预测

  • 汽车市场
  • 家电市场
  • 产业用控制市场
  • 住宅市场与网路电视市场
  • 互相连接设备市场
  • 医疗相关市场
  • POF整体市场的可能性

第26章 全球各国的POF产业的动向

第27章 新POF产业的可能性

  • 电纜和光纤
  • 连接器
  • 光源
  • 耦合器
  • 检验设备
  • splicing
  • 硬体设备
  • 数据链接
  • 流通
  • 设计及技术开发
  • 转换器
  • 各种系统的厂商

第28章 POF市场上的成功策略

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目录

Overview:

Plastic Optical Fibers (POF) have been overshadowed in the last decade by the success of glass optical fibers. When people hear the term "optical fibers," they immediately think of glass. Few people, including professionals in the business, know about plastic optical fibers (POFs), which predate those made of glass. Because glass fibers have certain advantages, they have dominated the market, while POFs have remained largely in the background. POF had been relegated to low-bit-rate and short-distance applications. However, recent technological advances and the emergence of new applications in the automotive, avionics, consumer electronics, and short-distance interconnect industries have propelled POF into the limelight as a lower-cost alternative to glass fiber or copper at medium distances and at bit rates of 40Gbps.

New technological developments in sources, connectors, and fibers are expanding the bandwidth-distance limits of POF into new applications. There has been a dramatic increase in the GI-POF technology and its availability in the market. This has resulted in increased interest by component suppliers and end users. The market for short, high-speed optical links is experiencing sustained growth. These links are less than 100 meters, with speeds up to 40Gbps. After many years of playing second fiddle to the glass optical fiber business, POF is now starting to get the recognition it deserves. Some are even saying that POF could be a disruptive technology.

The market for POF could never be brighter with the trend to “all optical networks”, need for higher bandwidth, EMI protection, lower cost, lighter weight, ease of use and other factors. POF's main competitor copper is fast running out of steam. New applications, are starting to appear in data centers, commercial aircraft, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), Internet of Things (IoT), machine vision, sensors for structural health monitoring, and home networking for Ultra High Definition TVs (UHD TV/4K and 8K), to only name a few.

This study reviews the history of POF, the technological developments, emerging applications, commercial activities, and research and education centers around the world. It presents a comprehensive and historical review of the POF business and should form the basis of future internal market research.

Table of Contents

Foreword

Table of Contents

E.0. Executive Summary

  • E.1.0. Introduction
  • E.2.0. Markets
  • E.2.1. Automotive
  • E.2.2. Consumer Electronics
  • E.2.3. Industrial Controls and IoT
  • E.2.4. Interconnects
  • E.2.5. Home Networking
  • E.2.6. Medical
  • E.2.7. Homeland Security
  • E.2.8. Avionics
  • E.3.0. POF as a Disruptive Technology
  • E.4.0. Market Forecasts
  • E.5.0. Technology
  • E.5.1. Fiber Loss Trends
  • E.5.2. Bandwidth Trends
  • E.5.3. Step Index (SI) and Graded Index (GI) PMMA
  • E.5.4. Perfluorinated Graded Index POF (PF GI-POF)
  • E.5.5. Other POF Technologies
  • E.6.0. POF Associations and Interest Groups Trends
  • E.7.0. What are the Major Impediments to Further Developments in the POF Industry?
  • E.8.0. New POF developments in recent years
  • E.9.0. Opportunities
  • E.10.0. Market Demand

1.0. Introduction

2.0. Why POF?

  • 2.1. Ease of connectorization
  • 2.2. Durability
  • 2.3. Large diameter
  • 2.4. Lower Costs
  • 2.5. Fiber Costs
  • 2.6. Transmitters (Transceivers, Receivers)
  • 2.7. Space Division Multiplexing is Possible
  • 2.8. Receivers
  • 2.9. Connectors
  • 2.10. Test Equipment
  • 2.11. Installation
  • 2.12. Maintenance
  • 2.13. Ease of Handling
  • 2.14. Safety
  • 2.15. Bandwidth
  • 2.16. Developments of other types of fibers
  • 2.17. Many markets are open to POF
  • 2.18. Standards Situation is Improved
  • 2.19. Growth Potential
  • 2.20. Size Matters
  • 2.21. PF GI-POF Takes Advantage of Low-cost Components Developed for GOF

3.0. Comparison Between Copper, GOF, and POF

  • 3.1. Advantages and Disadvantages of POF
  • 3.2. An Installer's View
    • 3.2.1. Installation Issues
    • 3.2.2. Testing
      • 3.2.2.1. Do-it-yourself POF Kits
      • 3.2.2.2. Connectorless Connetions

4.0. POF Historical Development, Organizations, Research & Education Centers . . . and Commercial Activities Worldwide

  • 4.1. Historical Perspective
  • 4.2. POF Organizations, Research & Education Centers, and Commercial Activities Worldwide
    • 4.2.1. POF Developments in Japan
    • 4.2.2. POF in the US
    • 4.2.3. POF in Europe
      • 4.2.3.1. POF France
      • 4.2.3.2. POF Germany
      • 4.2.3.3. POF in the European Union (EU) /European Commission (EC)
      • 4.2.3.4. POF in the United Kingdom (UK)
      • 4.2.3.5. POF in Spain
      • 4.2.3.6. POF in Portugal
      • 4.2.3.7. POF in the Netherlands
    • 4.2.4. POF in Korea
    • 4.2.5. POF in Australia
    • 4.2.6. POF in Brazil
    • 4.2.7. POF in Greater China
    • 4.2.8. POF in Other Countries

5.0. Technical Characteristics of POF Fibers Systems

  • 5.1. Basic Technical Components of Optical Fiber Systems
  • 5.2. Types of Optical Fibers
    • 5.2.1. Step Index Fibers
    • 5.2.2. Multimode Graded Index Fiber (MMF)
    • 5.2.3. Single-mode Fibers (SMF)
  • 5.3. Plastic Optical Fibers
    • 5.3.1. Materials used for POF
    • 5.3.2. Attenuation
    • 5.3.3. Perfluorinated POF
      • 5.3.4.1. How Numerical Aperture of Fiber Affects Bandwidth
      • 5.3.4.2. Methods to Increase Bandwidth
      • 5.3.4.3. Increased Bandwidth Using Low-NA Source
    • 5.3.5. Graded Index PMMA POF (GI-POF)
    • 5.3.6. Perflourinated (PF) Graded Index POF (GI-POF)
    • 5.3.7. Partially Chlorinated GI-POF
      • 5.3.7.1. New GI PTCEMA
    • 5.3.8. High-temperature Plastic Optical Fibers
      • 5.3.8.1. Polystyrene
      • 5.3.8.2. The Advantages of Polystyrene
    • 5.3.9. Photonic Crystal Microstructured Polymer Optical Fibers
      • 5.3.9.1. Microstructured Polymer Fibers
    • 5.3.10. Summary Performance of PMMA and PF-GI POF (SI and GI)
    • 5.3.11. Environmental Effects on POF
    • 5.3.12. Manufacturing Methods of POF
      • 5.3.12.1. Extrusion
      • 5.3.12.2. Preform Drawing
      • 5.3.12.3. Manufacturing Graded Index PMMA POF
      • 5.3.12.4. Manufacturing PF GI-POF
      • 5.3.12.5. Continuous Extrusion Process

6.0. Light Sources

  • 6.1. LEDs
    • 6.1.1. Low NA LED
    • 6.1.2. Low NA LED Source Perspective for POF Data Link
    • 6.1.3. Materials and Available LED Wavelengths
    • 6.1.4. Gigabit Links Using LEDs
  • 6.2. Resonant Cavity LEDs (RC-LEDs)
  • 6.3 Laser Diodes
  • 6.4. Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Lasers (VCSELs)
    • 6.4.1. Data Links Using Red VCSELS
    • 6.4.2. Red VCSEL Transceivers for Gigabit Transmission over POF
  • 6.5. Outlook for POF Green and Blue Sources
  • 6.6. High Speed POF Receivers

7.0. Optical Connectors and Splicing

  • 7.1. Connectorization
    • 7.1.1. POF Connector Requirements
    • 7.1.2. ATM Forum
  • 7.2. POF Connect Types
    • 7.2.1. PN Connector
    • 7.2.2. Small Multimedia Interface (SMI)
    • 7.2.3. IDB-1394 POF Interface and Latch Connector for Automotive Use
    • 7.2.4. Packard Hughes Interconnect
    • 7.2.5. Optical Mini Jack
    • 7.2.6. Panduit Poly-Jack - RJ-45 Type
    • 7.2.7. MOST Automotive Connector and Header System
  • 7.3. Splicing
    • 7.3.1. Brookhaven Industrial Laboratory
    • 7.3.2. Mechanical Splices
    • 7.3.3. Ultrasonic Splicing
  • 7.4. OptoLock - Connectorless Connection
  • 7.5. Ballpoint Connector

8.0. Couplers

  • 8.1. Optical Busses and Cross-connects
  • 8.2. Switches using Couplers

9.0. POF Cables

10.0. Integrated Optics

  • 10.1. Planar Waveguides and Other Passive Devices
  • 10.2. Holograms

11.0. Lenses

  • 11.1. Polymeric Lenses
    • 11.1.1. Ball Point Pen Collimator Lens
  • 11.2. High-efficiency Optical Concentrators for POF

12.0. Fiber Bragg Gratings

13.0. Optical Amplifiers

  • 13.1. Keio University
  • 13.2. Model for Analyzing the Factors in the Performance of Dye-Doped POF Lasers
  • 13.3. Plastic Optical Fiber with Embedded Organic Semiconductors for Signal Amplification

14.0. Test Equipment

  • 14.1. OTDRs

15.0. POF Systems - Ethernet Example

16.0. POF Hardware for Ethernet

  • 16.1. Commercial Silicon for Gigabit Communication over SI-POF
  • 16.2. Ethernet POF Media Converter for ITU Standard G.hn
  • 16.3. G.hn Chip Sets
  • 16.4. Gigabit Ethernet Standard
  • 16.5. Gigabit Ethernet OptoLock

17.0. Illustrative Examples of POF Data Communications Applications

  • 17.1. Introduction
  • 17.2. Range of Applications
  • 17.3. Optocoupler Applications
  • 17.4. Printed Circuit Board (PCB) Interconnects
  • 17.5. Digital Audio Interface
  • 17.6. Avionic Data Links
    • 17.6.1. Practical Experience in Military and Civilian Avionic Systems
    • 17.6.2. McDonald Douglas
    • 17.6.3. Boeing
    • 17.6.4. Requirements for POF in Commercial Aircraft -Boeing
  • 17.7. Automotive Applications of POF
    • 17.7.1. Automotive Harness Trends
    • 17.7.2. Increase in Electronic Content
      • 17.7.2.1. Different Data Busses in Automobiles
    • 17.7.3. Automobile Standards
      • 17.7.3.1. MOST Standard
      • 17.7.3.2. 1394 Automotive Working Group and IDB
  • 17.8. Local Area Networks
    • 17.8.1.1. POF vs. Glass Comparison
    • 17.8.1.2. Operating Experience
    • 17.8.2. Codenoll
    • 17.8.3. Mitsubishi Rayon
    • 17.8.4. NEC Corp. Ethernet
  • 17.9. IEEE 1394 FireWire
    • 17.9.1. Markets for 1394
    • 17.9.2. Transmission Media
    • 17.9.3. 1394 as a Home Network
      • 17.9.3.1. IEEE 1394 Proposed Costs
      • 17.9.3.2. Future of 1394
  • 17.10. Tollbooth Applications
  • 17.11. Factory Automation
  • 17.12. Medical Applications
  • 17.13. High Voltage Isolation
  • 17.14. Home Networks
    • 17.14.1 CEBus
    • 17.14.2 Over the Top (OTT)
    • 17.14.3 “Capillary of Light” Home Network
  • 17.15. Test Equipment
  • 17.16. POF Sensors
  • 17.17. Security (Tempest)
  • 17.18. EMI/RFI
  • 17.19. Hydraulic Lifts
  • 17.20. Trains
  • 17.21. Controller Area Network (CAN)
  • 17.22. Point-of-sale Terminals
  • 17.23. Robotics
  • 17.24. Programmable Controllers (PLC)
  • 17.25. Video Surveillance
  • 17.26. High-speed Video
  • 17.27. Home Video
  • 17.28. Digital Signage

18.0. POF Cost Comparisons

  • 18.1. Avago Cost Trade-off White Paper

19.0. POF and Related Standards

  • 19.1 What drives standards?
  • 19.2 Trends in POF Standards
  • 19.3 History of the Development of POF Standards
    • 19.3.1. IEC
  • 19.4. Present Standards that Include POF
    • 19.4.1. Process Control
      • 19.4.1.1. Profibus
      • 19.4.1.2. SERCOS (Serial Realtime Communication System)
      • 19.4.1.3. Interbus
    • 19.4.2. Automotive Standards
      • 19.4.2.1. MOST
      • 19.4.2.2. IDB-1394
      • 19.4.2.3. ByteFlight
      • 19.4.2.4. CEA Aftermarket
    • 19.4.3. Computer Standards
      • 19.4.3.1. ATM
      • 19.4.3.2. IEEE-1394
      • 19.4.3.3. Storage Area Networks
      • 19.4.3.4. Supercomputers/Servers
      • 19.4.3.5. Datacenters
    • 19.4.4. Home Standards
      • 19.4.4.1. CEBUS
      • 19.4.4.2. ATM Forum Residential Broadband
      • 19.4.4.3. IEEE-1394 Home Networking
      • 19.4.4.4. ITU G.hn
    • 19.4.5. Consumer Electronics and “Over the Top”
      • 19.4.5.1. Active Optical Cables
      • 19.4.5.2. Over-the-Top-Enabled Devices

20.0. Components and Testing

  • 20.1. Introduction
  • 20.2. IEC
  • 20.3. VDI/VDE
  • 20.4. Standards Summary

21.0. POF Components - Present Status

  • 21.1. POF Fibers
    • 21.1.1. Mitsubishi Rayon (now Mitsubishi Chemical)
    • 21.1.2. Asahi Kasei
    • 21.1.3. Toray Industries Inc.
    • 21.1.4. Shenzhen Dasheng Optoelectronic Technology Co. Ltd.
    • 21.1.5. Asahi Glass
    • 21.1.6. Nanoptics
    • 21.1.7. OFS-Fitel (now Chromis Fiber Optics)
    • 21.1.8. Redfern Polymer (Cactus Fiber) (Kiriama)
    • 21.1.9. Nexans
    • 21.1.10. Fuji Film
    • 21.1.11 Luvantix
    • 21.1.12 Optimedia
    • 21.1.13 Jiangxi Daisheng Co. Ltd.
    • 21.1.14 Sekisui Chemical Company

22.0. POF Suppliers

  • 22.1. POF Cables
  • 22.2. Semiconductors (Transceivers) for POF
    • 22.2.1. KDPOF
    • 22.2.2. CoolSilicon/CoolPOF
  • 22.3. Light Sources (Transceivers)
    • 22.3.1. Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs)
    • 22.3.2. Resonant Cavity LEDs (RC-LEDs)
    • 22.3.3. Laser Diodes
    • 22.3.4. VCSELs
  • 22.4. Photodiodes
  • 22.5. Connectors
    • 22.5.1. Connectorless Technologies
  • 22.6. Couplers
  • 22.7. Test Equipment
  • 22.8. Splicing
  • 22.9. Media Converters
  • 22.10. Data Links
  • 22.11. POF Networks
  • 22.12. IPTV Equipment Providers
  • 22.13. Other POF Passive Components
  • 22.14. Other Active Components

23.0. POF Component Price Trends

  • 23.1. Impact of the MOST Standard
  • 23.2. POF Fiber Pricing
    • 23.2.1. Step Index Fibers
    • 23.2.2. Graded Index POF
  • 23.3. Cables
  • 23.4. Cable Assemblies
  • 23.5. POF Transmitters and Receivers
    • 23.5.1. MOST Pricing
  • 23.6. Conclusions for POF Data Components
  • 23.7 Graded Index PMMA POF
  • 23.8 Perfluorinated GI-POF
  • 23.9 Partially Chlorinated Polymer
  • 23.10. Price targets for POF Components

24.0. Market Drivers

  • 24.1. Technology
  • 24.2. Standards
  • 24.3. Market Needs
  • 24.4. Government Funding
  • 24.5. Education of End Users
  • 24.6. Marketing Pull
  • 24.7 Lack of Major Player
  • 24.8. Resistance to Change and Imbedded Infrastructure

25.0. POF Markets and Forecasts

  • 25.1. Automotive Market
    • 25.1.1. How Big is the Market?
  • 25.2. Consumer Electronics Market
    • 25.2.1. Connected TV Device Ownership
  • 25.3. POF Industrial Controls and IoT Market
  • 25.4. Home Networking Market and IPTV / Ultra HD TV (4K&8K)
    • 25.4.1 UHD TV 4K/8K
  • 25.5. Interconnect Market
  • 25.6. Medical Market
  • 25.7. Avionics Market
  • 25.8. Total POF Market Potential

26.0. Opportunities in the Emerging POF Business

  • 26.1. Cables and Fiber
  • 26.2. Connectors
  • 26.3. Sources
  • 26.4. Couplers
  • 26.5. Test Equipment
  • 26.6. Splicing
  • 26.7. Hardware
  • 26.8. Data Links
  • 26.9. Distribution
  • 26.10. Design and Engineering
  • 26.11. Converters
  • 26.12. Systems Suppliers

27.0. Strategies for Success in the POF Market

28.0. References

Appendix 1: Avago White Paper on POF Sensors

Appendix 2: Avago White Paper on Fiber vs. Copper Links

Appendix 3: 15 Years Polymer Optical Fiber Application Center - A Summary

Appendix 4: List of POF Conferences, POF Symposia, POF WORLD, POF Market Reports, Newsletters and Books

Appendix 5: Mitsubishi Pencil and KPRI's 4K/8K connector through multiple GI POF micro-collimators based on ball-point pen technology

Table of Figures

  • Exhibit E-1: Potential World POF Market ($ millions)
  • Exhibit E-2: Potential World POF Market by Application ($ millions)
  • Exhibit E-3: Global Shipment Forecast of OTT-capable Equipment (in Billions of Units)
  • Exhibit E-4: Attenuation of Different POF Materials
  • Exhibit E-5: Index Profiles of POF and Bandwidth
  • Exhibit E-6: Data of POF Systems Using Standard Step Index (SI) and Graded Index (GI) PMMA Fibers
  • Exhibit E-7: PF GI-POF Transmission Records
  • Exhibit E-8: Potential POF Applications
  • Exhibit E-9: Evolving Needs for High-Speed Interconnect Cabling
  • Exhibit E-10: Plenum Opportunity for POF AOC
  • Exhibit 2.1: Advantages of POF
  • Exhibit 2.2: Summary Table of 1 MM SI PMMA POF
  • Exhibit 3.1: Advantages of POF vs. GOF vs. Copper
  • Exhibit 3.2: Desktop Connections
  • Exhibit 3.3: Desktop Cabling Media
  • Exhibit 3.4: Desktop Media Cabling
  • Exhibit 3.5: Test Issues
  • Exhibit 4.1: History of Plastic Optical Fiber Developments for Data Communications
  • Exhibit 4.2: Progress in Reducing Transmission Loss of PMMA Core POF
  • Exhibit 4.3: Japanese POF Consortium Members
  • Exhibit 4.4: HSPN Team Organization
  • Exhibit 5.1: Basic Components of a Fiber-optic Communications System
  • Exhibit 5.1.1: Advantages of POF
  • Exhibit 5.2: Basic Optical Fiber Structure
  • Exhibit 5.3: Different Types of Optical Fibers
  • Exhibit 5.4: Typical Technical Characteristics of Different Types of Glass Fibers
  • Exhibit 5.5: Different Fiber Types
  • Exhibit 5.5.1: Large Diameter Fiber Overview
  • Exhibit 5.6: Basic Materials Used for Plastic Optical Fiber
  • Exhibit 5.7: PMMA Polymer Optical Fibers, Properties and Suppliers
  • Exhibit 5.8: Typical Spectrum of PMMA Fiber
  • Exhibit 5.9: Optical Properties of Different Fibers
  • Exhibit 5.10: Spectral Attenuation for Perfluorinated GI-POF
  • Exhibit 5.11: Bandwidth vs. Numerical Aperture
  • Exhibit 5.12: Attenuation and Dispersion Limits for POF
  • Exhibit 5.13: Data Rate vs. Distance for Various Media
  • Exhibit 5.14: Loss of Optical Fibers
  • Exhibit 5.15: Summary of Recent up-to-date PF GI-POF Laboratory Tests Results
  • Exhibit 5.16: Characteristics of Partially Chlorinated GI-POF
  • Exhibit 5.16.1: Characteristics of the New GI PTCEMA Fiber
  • Exhibit 5.17: Materials Used for High-temperature POF
  • Exhibit 5.18: Attenuation Trends of Different POF Materials
  • Exhibit 5.19: Index Profiles of POF and Bandwidth
  • Exhibit 5.20: Bandwidth of Systems Using Different Types of POF
  • Exhibit 5-21: POF Compliance with Fire and Low Smoke Zero Halogen (LSZH) Standards
  • Exhibit 5.22: Batch Extrusion for POF Manufacturing
  • Exhibit 5.23: Continuous PF-GI-POF Fabrication
  • Exhibit 5.24: Continuous Polymerization Process
  • Exhibit 5.25: Mixture of Monomer and M2 Dopant
  • Exhibit 5.26: How the GIO preform was obtained
  • Exhibit 5.27: Attenuation Spectrum of Various POF made from PMMA or PC
  • Exhibit 5.28: PF GI-POF Extrusion Process
  • Exhibit 6.1: Light Sources and Current Development
  • Exhibit 6.2: Emission Property of a Conventional LED
  • Exhibit 6.3: Schematic of Ring Light Emitting Diode
  • Exhibit 6.4: LEDs with molded plastic lens: (a) Ring LED and (b) Conventional LED
  • Exhibit 6.5: Typical Far Field Radiation Pattern of a Ring LED
  • Exhibit 6.6: Available LEDs
  • Exhibit 6.7: Typical RC-LEDs Operating Parameter
  • Exhibit 6.8: Perspective of 650nm AlGaInP MQW LD structure and cross-section of GaAs/AlGalnP PIN PD
  • Exhibit 6.9: Small signal frequency response of the 650nm AlGalnP MQW LD measured with the GaAs/AlGalnP PIN PD
  • Exhibit 6.10: Cross Section of GaAs/AlGaInP Pin PD
  • Exhibit 6.11: Outlook for POF Sources
  • Exhibit 7.1: POF Connectors Using Polishing
  • Exhibit 7.2: POF Connectors Using Hot Plate
  • Exhibit 7.3: Schematic of Connectorless Transceiver
  • Exhibit 7.4: PN Connector
  • Exhibit 7.5: Connection Loss of PN Connector
  • Exhibit 7.6: IDB-1394 POF Interface and Latch
  • Exhibit 7.7: Latching Plug with Socket with Integrated FOT
  • Exhibit 7.8: Uses for Poly-Jack
  • Exhibit 7.9: Poly-Jack Features
  • Exhibit 7.10: OptoLock Termination Steps
  • Exhibit 7.11: Ball Point Connector
  • Exhibit 8.1: Diagram of POF Fiber with Embedded Mirrors
  • Exhibit 8.2: Polymeric Optical Switch with GRIN Lenses
  • Exhibit 9.1: Types of POF Cables
  • Exhibit 9.2: POF Ribbon Systems
  • Exhibit 11.1: Structure of Acceptance Component in the Transceiver
  • Exhibit 13.1: Signal gain vs. launched pump power for RB-doped GI POFA Fig. 1
  • Exhibit 13.2: Signal gain vs. launched pump power for RB-doped GI POFA Fig. 2
  • Exhibit 13.3: Signal gain vs. gain wavelength for RB-doped GI POFA
  • Exhibit 14.1: Special Requirements for an OTDR Working on POF
  • Exhibit 14.2: Hand Held Devices
  • Exhibit 14.3: Available OTDRs
  • Exhibit 15.1: Volition Ethernet Networks
  • Exhibit 17.1: POF Applications by Distance
  • Exhibit 17.2: Actual and Potential Applications of POF
  • Exhibit 17.3: Universal Premises Network Applications
  • Exhibit 17.4: Technical Specifications of Consumer Data Links
  • Exhibit 17.5: DAI (Digital Audio Interface) Optical Fiber Datalinks
  • Exhibit 17.6: Expansion of Optical Fiber Links for Digital Audio Applications
  • Exhibit 17.7: Fly-By-Light Subsystems and Associated Optical Hardware Under Development (McDonald Douglas, now Boeing)
  • Exhibit 17.8: Fiber-optic LANs on the Boeing 777
  • Exhibit 17.9: POF for In-flight Entertainment Systems
  • Exhibit 17.10: Growth of Circuits in Wire Harness in Japan
  • Exhibit 17.11: Trends in Conventional Wiring Harness and Cable Spending per Automobile
  • Exhibit 17.12: Automobile Networks
  • Exhibit 17.13: MOST Partners and Associate Partners
  • Exhibit 17.14: MOST Nodes on the Road
  • Exhibit 17.15: 1394 Automotive Architecture Model
  • Exhibit 17.16: The Status of the IDB-1394 Specification
  • Exhibit 17.17: 1394 AUG Bus Stayed Closely Tied to AMI-C
  • Exhibit 17.18: IDB-1394 Market Projection
  • Exhibit 17.19: FIBERSTAR Network Fig. 1
  • Exhibit 17.20: FIBERSTAR Network Fig. 2
  • Exhibit 17.21: FIBERSTAR Network Fig. 3
  • Exhibit 17.22: POF vs. Glass
  • Exhibit 17.23: Pricing of Announced Products
  • Exhibit 17.24: Optical MiniMAP Specifications
  • Exhibit 17.25: Optical Ethernet Specifications
  • Exhibit 17.26: The Interconnection of Consumer and Office Equipment
  • Exhibit 17.27: Example Features of 1394
  • Exhibit 17.28: The 1394b Long-Distance Specifications for a Range of Transmission Media
  • Exhibit 17.29: Networking in a Cluster & Room-to-room
  • Exhibit 17.30: Comparison of Existing Proposed Home Networks
  • Exhibit 17.31: Comparison of Different Protocols with 1394b
  • Exhibit 17.32: Cost Estimates for 1394 Connectors and Cables
  • Exhibit 17.33: Tollbooth Application
  • Exhibit 17.34: New York Thruway's Costs for Electronic Toll Collection
  • Exhibit 17.35: Factory Automation
  • Exhibit 17.36: NMR Diagnostic Devices
  • Exhibit 17.37: Medical Diagnostics
  • Exhibit 17.38: CEBus Topology
  • Exhibit 17.38.1: Global Shipment Forecast of OTT-capable Equipment (in Billions of Units)
  • Exhibit 17.38.2: Capillary of Light Home Network
  • Exhibit 17.39: Fiber Optics Connecting Two HPIB (IEEE-488) Data Buses
  • Exhibit 17.40: POF as Sensors In Power Networks Fig. 1
  • Exhibit 17.41: POF as Sensors In Power Networks Fig. 2
  • Exhibit 17.42: Fiber Used In Tempest Applications
  • Exhibit 17.43: Bohlinger Inc. Fibri-Lite System
  • Exhibit 17.44: Monitor System for 100 Series Train
  • Exhibit 17.45: Connecting Point-Of-Sale Terminals
  • Exhibit 17.46: Fiber Connects A Robot Controller With A Cell Controller And The Robot
  • Exhibit 17.47: Programmable Controllers (PLC)
  • Exhibit 17.48: Security System For Local And Wide Areas
  • Exhibit 17.48.1: Evolving Needs for High-Speed Interconnect Cabling
  • Exhibit 18.1: Myths of Fiber vs. Copper
  • Exhibit 18.2: Today's Reality of Fiber vs. Copper
  • Exhibit 18.3: Cost Comparisons of Fiber and Copper for Premises Network Point-to-point Link
  • Exhibit 18.4: ATM Cost Comparison
  • Exhibit 18.5: Connector Cost Trade-offs
  • Exhibit 19.1: Existing or Proposed Standards or Organizations That Are Either Developing POF Standards or Are Candidates
  • Exhibit 19.2: Standards by Industry
  • Exhibit 19.3: National and International Standards Organizations
  • Exhibit 19.4: Profibus Network
  • Exhibit 19.5: SERCOS Network
  • Exhibit 19.6: Interbus Network
  • Exhibit 19.7: Active Optical Cable Assembly
  • Exhibit 19.8: POF AOC and Backplane Solutions
  • Exhibit 19.9: Plenum Opportunity for POF AOC
  • Exhibit 20.1: JIS & IEC Generic Specification of Optical Fibers
  • Exhibit 20.2: JIS & IEC Test Methods for Mechanical Properties of POF (Fibers)
  • Exhibit 20.2.1: Fiber Standard 60793-2-40
  • Exhibit 20.3: Public Available Specifications for T&M Methods of Manufacturers and Test Labs
  • Exhibit 21.1: POF Data-grade Fiber Manufacturers
  • Exhibit 21.2: Comparison of ESKAMEGA and ESKAMIU
  • Exhibit 21.3: Various Types Of Fibers Available From Mitsubishi
  • Exhibit 21.4: Typical Transmission Loss Spectra of POF ESKA
  • Exhibit 21.5: Mitsubishi Rayon POF Concept
  • Exhibit 21.6: Transmission Distance Vs. Data Rate for ESKA Fibers
  • Exhibit 21.7: Structure of Single-core and Multicore POF
  • Exhibit 21.8: Comparison of Different Kinds of POFs and Structure Parameters and Transmission Loss
  • Exhibit 21.9: Transmission Loss Spectrum of NC-1000
  • Exhibit 21.10: Relationship Between Fiber Length And Optical Power At Incidence From LD
  • Exhibit 21.11: Structure of Toray Optical Fiber
  • Exhibit 21.12: Diagram of Light Transmission
  • Exhibit 21.13: Lucina Fiber Loss Spectrum Compared To PMMA SI POF and Glass
  • Exhibit 21.14: Typical Wiring of Buildings Using Lucina Fiber
  • Exhibit 21.15: Chromis Platform Fiber Technologies
  • Exhibit 21.16: Chromis PMMA Cables
  • Exhibit 21.17: Main Characteristics of PCP GI POF and PFP GI POF
  • Exhibit 22.1: Basic Gigabit/Fast Ethernet Transceiver
  • Exhibit 22.2: Gigabit/Fast Ethernet Bridge with Two POF Ports and One System Port
  • Exhibit 22.3: Gigabit/Fast Ethernet Bridge with Three POF Ports
  • Exhibit 22.4: Bridged Home Network Based On POF
  • Exhibit 22.5: New Physical Layer For Speed And Coverage Improvements On MOST Systems
  • Exhibit 22.6: Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs) Manufacturers
  • Exhibit 22.6.1: SMI POF Connector
  • Exhibit 22.6.2: ST and SC Connectors
  • Exhibit 22.6.3: F05 and F07 Connectors (PN)
  • Exhibit 22.6.4: The DNP Connector System
  • Exhibit 22.6.5: FSMA Connector System
  • Exhibit 22.6.6: V-pin-crimp Connectors
  • Exhibit 22.6.7: The SC-RJ System (RDM)
  • Exhibit 22.6.8: MOST POF Connector
  • Exhibit 22.6.9: The D2B Connector
  • Exhibit 22.6.10: LC Connector and Cutter from FiberFin
  • Exhibit 22.6.11: Light-Seal Connector from FiberFin
  • Exhibit 22.6.12: FiberFin's New LC Connector Line of Products for POF
  • Exhibit 22.6.13: Kingfisher's KI TK054 Series of POF Tester
  • Exhibit 22.7: Companies with POF Equipment For IPTV
  • Exhibit 23.1: Volume Trend Curve
  • Exhibit 23.2: Step-Index POF Fiber Pricing Trend (Cents/Meter)
  • Exhibit 23.3: Single 1000μm Jacketed Fiber for Data Communication Applications (GK Type)
  • Exhibit 23.4: POF Cable Pricing Trends ($ per meter)
  • Exhibit 23.5: Hewlett Packard 125MBaud Transmitters and Receivers Volume Pricing
  • Exhibit 25.1: Potential Worldwide Forecast of POF Nodes in Automobiles (millions)
  • Exhibit 25.2: Potential Estimated Automotive POF Market ($ millions)
  • Exhibit 25.3: Potential Consumer POF Market ($ millions)
  • Exhibit 25.4: Potential Industrial Controls and IoT POF Market ($ millions)
  • Exhibit 25.5: Potential Worldwide Networked Homes (millions)
  • Exhibit 25.6: Potential Home Networking POF Markets ($millions)
  • Exhibit 25.7: POF for Optical MDU and Home Network
  • Exhibit 25.8: The Interconnect Market
  • Exhibit 25.9: Potential Interconnect POF Market ($ Millions)
  • Exhibit 25.10: Potential Medical POF Market ($ Millions)
  • Exhibit 25.11: Potential Avionics POF Market ($ Millions)
  • Exhibit 25.12: Potential Worldwide POF Market ($ millions)
  • Exhibit 25.13: Potential World POF Market by Application ($ millions
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