市场调查报告书
商品编码
1013982

智慧停车系统的市场趋势、市场占有率、市场规模的预测 (2021-2028年):各硬体设备、软体、服务 (咨询服务、工程服务)、类型、用途、地区

Smart Parking Systems Market Size, Share & Trends Analysis Report By Hardware (Smart Meters, Cameras & LPRs, Parking Gate), By Software, By Service, By Type, By Application, By Region, And Segment Forecasts, 2021 - 2028

出版日期: | 出版商: Grand View Research, Inc. | 英文 180 Pages | 商品交期: 2-10个工作天内

价格
  • 全貌
  • 简介
  • 目录
简介

全球智慧停车系统的市场规模在预测期间内预计以21.5%%的年复合成长率发展,成长到2028年193亿美元的规模。

由于新型冠状病毒感染疾病 (COVID-19)的影响,市场速度大幅度减低,不过,由于经济的再开始,智慧停车系统的需求预计恢复。私人汽车利用增加伴随的停车场管理的需求,自动驾驶车踏实的扩展,智慧型手机用户的急剧增加和利用行动应用程式的事前预约、付款等要素预计促进该市场的成长。

本报告提供全球智慧停车系统的市场调查,市场定义和概要,价值链,COVID-19以及其他的市场影响因素分析,市场规模的变化、预测,硬体设备、软体、服务、类型、用途、地区/主要国家等各种区分的明细,竞争环境,主要企业简介等汇整资讯。

第1章 调查手法、调查范围

第2章 摘要整理

第3章 产业预测

  • 市场分类、范围
  • 市场规模、成长预测
  • 价值链分析
  • 市场动态
    • 成长推动因素
    • 市场课题
  • 普及、成长预测制图
  • 波特的五力分析
  • 主要企业排行榜/市场占有率
  • PESTEL分析
  • 经营模式分析
  • 停车场管理预测

第4章 市场预测、趋势分析:各硬体设备

  • 包装(无线感测器)
  • 相机、LPR
  • 智慧电表
  • 指示牌
  • 停车闸极

第5章 市场预测、趋势分析:各类软体

  • 停车向导系统
  • 分析解决方案

第6章 市场预测、趋势分析:各类服务

  • 咨询服务
  • 工程服务
  • 行动应用程式停车服务

第7章 市场预测、趋势分析:各类型

  • 路上停车
  • 停车场
    • 车库停车
    • 组停车

第8章 市场预测、趋势分析:各用途

  • 商业
  • 政府
  • 运输

第9章 市场预测、趋势分析:各地区、主要国家

  • 北美
  • 欧洲
  • 亚太地区
  • 南美
  • 中东、非洲

第10章 竞争情形

  • Altiux Innovations
  • Amano McGann, Inc.
  • Amco S.A.
  • BMW AG(ParkNow GmbH, Parkmobile LLC)
  • Cisco Systems, Inc.
  • CivicSmart, Inc.
  • Deteq Solutions
  • gtechna
  • INDECT Electronics & Distribution GmbH
  • Kapsch TrafficCom
  • Libelium Comunicaciones Distribuidas S.L.
  • Meter Feeder, Inc.
  • Mindteck
  • Municipal Parking Services, Inc.
  • Nedap N.V.
  • Park Assist
  • Flowbird
  • ParkHelp Technologies
  • ParkJockey
  • ParkMe Inc.
  • Robert Bosch GmbH
  • Siemens AG
  • SKIDATA AG
  • Smart Parking Ltd.
  • SpotHero, Inc.
  • Swarco AG
  • Urbiotica, S.L.
目录
Product Code: 978-1-68038-859-6

Smart Parking Systems Market Growth & Trends

The global smart parking systems market size is expected to reach USD 19.29 billion by 2028, registering a CAGR of 21.5% from 2021 to 2028, according to a new report by Grand View Research, Inc. The market is expected to witness growth at a promising pace in near future, thanks to the increasing number of automobiles on roads and the subsequent rise in traffic congestions.

However, the COVID-19 pandemic has considerably slowed down the market due to the varying levels of lockdowns implemented across several countries globally. The impact of this slowdown is expected to be experienced in the short term. As the world re-opens, smart parking systems are expected to regain demand due to the potential rise in the use of private transportation and its impact on the demand for smart parking space management. The steadily widening consumer base of autonomous vehicles is also expected to drive the demand for smart parking facilities as self-driven cars require robotically automated parking spaces. Moreover, the exponential rise in the number of smartphone users globally is enabling an increasing number of users to park, pay, and book slots in advance through mobile apps.

Favorable regulations, government policies, and investments are encouraging the implementation of smart parking systems for a seamless and user-friendly parking experience for both drivers and operators. Furthermore, the addition of sophisticated features, such as auto-payment options and voice guidance enabled through smartphone apps, is also projected to drive the demand for innovative solutions. Several parking lots are incorporating Automatic Number Plate Recognition (ANPR) systems to operate vehicles in parking areas and access control systems efficiently.

The increasing availability of integrated automated solutions, advancements in wireless technologies, and developments in payment methodologies are estimated to drive the adoption of smart parking systems. Moreover, smart parking management systems aid in increasing mobility in cities and offer a dependable revenue model. These systems use data analytics, wireless communication technology, and sensors to address parking issues in cities and metros. These solutions can be used to locate available parking spaces with the help of sensors and mobile applications, thereby saving customers' time and minimizing the wastage of fuel spent on the lookout for available parking spaces.

Smart Parking Systems Market Report Highlights

In terms of hardware, the signage segment is anticipated to post a CAGR of 18.8% over the forecast period. Signage helps users identify routes, provide directions, and avoid ambiguity in rules and regulations related to driving and traffic. This offers high comfort to the driver while driving and serves as a positive pointer for market growth

In terms of software, the parking guidance system segment is poised to exhibit a CAGR of 19.8% during the forecast period. The promising growth prospects of the segment can be attributed to benefits offered by these systems such as the analysis of customer behavior and usage patterns

In terms of type, the off-street segment is poised to exhibit the highest CAGR of 20.2% during the forecast period. This can be ascribed to the increasing number of companies providing applications for using parking spaces in off-street locations such as garages and lots

In terms of application, the government segment is poised to exhibit a CAGR of 21.5% during the forecast period. The focus of several governments globally on implementing smart city development projects is anticipated to strengthen the growth of the government application segment over the forecast period. Numerous smart parking systems that have been rolled out in smart city projects offer functions such as online reservation of parking spots and mobile payment

In terms of service, the mobile app parking service segment is estimated to account for significant market size in terms of revenue by 2028, registering a CAGR of 23.8% during the forecast period. The segment is expected to benefit from the large-scale adoption of smartphones and apps supporting smart parking. These applications are enabling easy reservation of slots and mobile-enabled payments

The market in Asia Pacific is anticipated to witness the highest CAGR of 21.4% over the forecast period. The increasing focus of governments across Asia Pacific on improving parking management and reducing traffic congestion and air pollution is expected to fuel the demand for smart parking systems in the region

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Methodology and Scope

  • 1.1 Research Methodology
  • 1.2 Research Scope and Assumptions
  • 1.3 List of Data Sources

Chapter 2 Executive Summary

  • 2.1 Smart Parking Systems Market - Industry Snapshot & Key Buying Criteria, 2018 - 2028
  • 2.2 Global Smart Parking Systems Market, 2018 - 2028
    • 2.2.1 Global smart parking systems market, by region, 2018 - 2028
    • 2.2.2 Global smart parking systems market, by component, 2018 - 2028
      • 2.2.2.1 Global smart parking systems market, by hardware, 2018 - 2028
      • 2.2.2.2 Global smart parking systems market, by software, 2018 - 2028
      • 2.2.2.3 Global smart parking systems market, by service, 2018 - 2028
    • 2.2.3 Global smart parking systems market, by type, 2018 - 2028
      • 2.2.3.1 Global smart parking systems market, by off-street parking, 2018 - 2028
    • 2.2.4 Global smart parking systems market, by application, 2018 - 2028

Chapter 3 Smart Parking Systems Industry Outlook

  • 3.1 Market Segmentation and Scope
  • 3.2 Market Size and Growth Prospects
  • 3.3 Smart Parking Systems Market - Value Chain Analysis
    • 3.3.1 Vendor landscape
  • 3.4 Smart Parking Systems Market - Workflow Analysis
  • 3.5 Smart Parking Systems Market - Market Dynamics
    • 3.5.1 Market driver analysis
      • 3.5.1.1 Increasing traffic congestion propelling the demand for improved smart parking solutions
      • 3.5.1.2 Advancements in technologies
      • 3.5.1.3 Increasing investments in smart city projects
    • 3.5.2 Market challenge analysis
      • 3.5.2.1 Reduced precision in vehicle detection
  • 3.6 Penetration and Growth Prospect Mapping
  • 3.7 Smart Parking Systems Market - Porter's Five Forces Analysis
  • 3.8 Smart Parking Systems Market - Key Company Ranking/Market Share Analysis, 2020
  • 3.9 Smart Parking Systems Market - PESTEL Analysis
  • 3.10 Smart Parking Systems Market - Business Model Analysis
  • 3.11 Parking Management Outlook
    • 3.11.1 Number of parking spaces by region, 2020
    • 3.11.2 Average daily price (fee) for parking, 2018 - 2020
    • 3.11.3 Monthly parking fee, 2018 - 2020

Chapter 4 Smart Parking Systems Hardware Outlook

  • 4.1 Smart Parking Systems Market Share By Hardware, 2020
  • 4.2 Pucks (wireless sensors)
    • 4.2.1 Smart parking pucks (wireless sensors) market, 2018 - 2028
  • 4.3 Cameras and LPRs
    • 4.3.1 Smart parking cameras and LPRs market, 2018 - 2028
  • 4.4 Smart Meters
    • 4.4.1 Smart parking meters market, 2018 - 2028
  • 4.5 Signage
    • 4.5.1 Smart parking signage market, 2018 - 2028
  • 4.6 Parking Gates
    • 4.6.1 Smart parking gates market, 2018 - 2028

Chapter 5 Smart Parking Systems Software Outlook

  • 5.1 Smart Parking Systems Market Share By Software, 2020
  • 5.2 Parking Guidance System
    • 5.2.1 Smart parking guidance system market, 2018 - 2028
  • 5.3 Analytics Solutions
    • 5.3.1 Smart parking analytics solutions market, 2018 - 2028

Chapter 6 Smart Parking Systems Service Outlook

  • 6.1 Smart Parking Systems Market Share By Service, 2020
  • 6.2 Consulting Service
    • 6.2.1 Smart parking systems consulting service market, 2018 - 2028
  • 6.3 Engineering Service
    • 6.3.1 Smart parking systems engineering service market, 2018 - 2028
  • 6.4 Mobile App Parking Service
    • 6.4.1 Smart parking systems mobile app parking service market, 2018 - 2028

Chapter 7 Smart Parking Systems Type Outlook

  • 7.1 Smart Parking Systems Market Share By Type, 2020
  • 7.2 On-street
    • 7.2.1 On-street smart parking systems market, 2018 - 2028
  • 7.3 Off-street
    • 7.3.1 Off-street smart parking systems market, 2018 - 2028
    • 7.3.2 Garage parking
      • 7.3.2.1 Garage smart parking systems market, 2018 - 2028
    • 7.3.3 Lot parking
      • 7.3.3.1 Lot smart parking systems market, 2018 - 2028

Chapter 8 Smart Parking Systems Application Outlook

  • 8.1 Smart Parking Systems Market Share By Application, 2020
  • 8.2 Commercial
    • 8.2.1 Smart parking systems market in commercial applications, 2018 - 2028
  • 8.3 Government
    • 8.3.1 Smart parking systems market in government applications, 2018 - 2028
  • 8.4 Transport Transit
    • 8.4.1 Smart parking systems market in transport transit applications, 2018 - 2028

Chapter 9 Smart Parking Systems Regional Outlook

  • 9.1 Smart Parking Systems Market Share By Region, 2020
  • 9.2 North America
    • 9.2.1 North America smart parking systems market, 2018 - 2028
    • 9.2.2 North America smart parking systems market, by hardware, 2018 - 2028
    • 9.2.3 North America smart parking systems market, by software, 2018 - 2028
    • 9.2.4 North America smart parking systems market, by service, 2018 - 2028
    • 9.2.5 North America smart parking systems market, by type, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.2.5.1 North America smart parking systems market, by off-street parking, 2018 - 2028
    • 9.2.6 North America smart parking systems market, by application, 2018 - 2028
    • 9.2.7 U.S.
      • 9.2.7.1 U.S. smart parking systems market, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.2.7.2 U.S. smart parking systems market, by hardware, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.2.7.3 U.S. smart parking systems market, by software, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.2.7.4 U.S. smart parking systems market, by service, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.2.7.5 U.S. smart parking systems market, by type, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.2.7.5.1 U.S. smart parking systems market, by off-street parking, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.2.7.6 U.S. smart parking systems market, by application, 2018 - 2028
    • 9.2.8 Canada
      • 9.2.8.1 Canada smart parking systems market, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.2.8.2 Canada smart parking systems market, by hardware, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.2.8.3 Canada smart parking systems market, by software, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.2.8.4 Canada smart parking systems market, by service, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.2.8.5 Canada smart parking systems market, by type, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.2.8.5.1 Canada smart parking systems market, by off-street parking, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.2.8.6 Canada smart parking systems market, by application, 2018 - 2028
  • 9.3 Europe
    • 9.3.1 Europe smart parking systems market, 2018 - 2028
    • 9.3.2 Europe smart parking systems market, by hardware, 2018 - 2028
    • 9.3.3 Europe smart parking systems market, by software, 2018 - 2028
    • 9.3.4 Europe smart parking systems market, by service, 2018 - 2028
    • 9.3.5 Europe smart parking systems market, by type, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.3.5.1 Europe smart parking systems market, by off-street parking, 2018 - 2028
    • 9.3.6 Europe smart parking systems market, by application, 2018 - 2028
    • 9.3.7 Germany
      • 9.3.7.1 Germany smart parking systems market, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.3.7.2 Germany smart parking systems market, by hardware, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.3.7.3 Germany smart parking systems market, by software, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.3.7.4 Germany smart parking systems market, by service, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.3.7.5 Germany smart parking systems market, by type, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.3.7.5.1 Germany smart parking systems market, by off-street parking, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.3.7.6 Germany smart parking systems market, by application, 2018 - 2028
    • 9.3.8 U.K.
      • 9.3.8.1 U.K. smart parking systems market, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.3.8.2 U.K. smart parking systems market, by hardware, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.3.8.3 U.K. smart parking systems market, by software, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.3.8.4 U.K. smart parking systems market, by service, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.3.8.5 U.K. smart parking systems market, by type, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.3.8.5.1 U.K. smart parking systems market, by off-street parking, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.3.8.6 U.K. smart parking systems market, by application, 2018 - 2028
  • 9.4 Asia Pacific
    • 9.4.1 Asia Pacific smart parking systems market, 2018 - 2028
    • 9.4.2 Asia Pacific smart parking systems market, by hardware, 2018 - 2028
    • 9.4.3 Asia Pacific smart parking systems market, by software, 2018 - 2028
    • 9.4.4 Asia Pacific smart parking systems market, by service, 2018 - 2028
    • 9.4.5 Asia Pacific smart parking systems market, by type, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.4.5.1 Asia Pacific smart parking systems market, by off-street parking, 2018 - 2028
    • 9.4.6 Asia Pacific smart parking systems market, by application, 2018 - 2028
    • 9.4.7 China
      • 9.4.7.1 China smart parking systems market, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.4.7.2 China smart parking systems market, by hardware, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.4.7.3 China smart parking systems market, by software, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.4.7.4 China smart parking systems market, by service, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.4.7.5 China smart parking systems market, by type, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.4.7.5.1 China smart parking systems market, by off-street parking, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.4.7.6 China smart parking systems market, by application, 2018 - 2028
    • 9.4.8 India
      • 9.4.8.1 India smart parking systems market, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.4.8.2 India smart parking systems market, by hardware, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.4.8.3 India smart parking systems market, by software, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.4.8.4 India smart parking systems market, by service, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.4.8.5 India smart parking systems market, by type, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.4.8.5.1 India smart parking systems market, by off-street parking, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.4.8.6 India smart parking systems market, by application, 2018 - 2028
    • 9.4.9 Japan
      • 9.4.9.1 Japan smart parking systems market, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.4.9.2 Japan smart parking systems market, by hardware, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.4.9.3 Japan smart parking systems market, by software, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.4.9.4 Japan smart parking systems market, by service, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.4.9.5 Japan smart parking systems market, by type, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.4.9.5.1 Japan smart parking systems market, by off-street parking, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.4.9.6 Japan smart parking systems market, by application, 2018 - 2028
    • 9.4.10 Singapore
      • 9.4.10.1 Singapore smart parking systems market, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.4.10.2 Singapore smart parking systems market, by hardware, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.4.10.3 Singapore smart parking systems market, by software, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.4.10.4 Singapore smart parking systems market, by service, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.4.10.5 Singapore smart parking systems market, by type, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.4.10.5.1 Singapore smart parking systems market, by off-street parking, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.4.10.6 Singapore smart parking systems market, by application, 2018 - 2028
    • 9.4.11 Thailand
      • 9.4.11.1 Thailand smart parking systems market, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.4.11.2 Thailand smart parking systems market, by hardware, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.4.11.3 Thailand smart parking systems market, by software, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.4.11.4 Thailand smart parking systems market, by service, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.4.11.5 Thailand smart parking systems market, by type, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.4.11.5.1 Thailand smart parking systems market, by off-street parking, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.4.11.6 Thailand smart parking systems market, by application, 2018 - 2028
    • 9.4.12 Philippines
      • 9.4.12.1 Philippines smart parking systems market, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.4.12.2 Philippines smart parking systems market, by hardware, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.4.12.3 Philippines smart parking systems market, by software, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.4.12.4 Philippines smart parking systems market, by service, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.4.12.5 Philippines smart parking systems market, by type, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.4.12.5.1 Philippines smart parking systems market, by off-street parking, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.4.12.6 Philippines smart parking systems market, by application, 2018 - 2028
    • 9.4.13 Hong Kong
      • 9.4.13.1 Hong Kong smart parking systems market, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.4.13.2 Hong Kong smart parking systems market, by hardware, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.4.13.3 Hong Kong smart parking systems market, by software, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.4.13.4 Hong Kong smart parking systems market, by service, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.4.13.5 Hong Kong smart parking systems market, by type, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.4.13.5.1 Hong Kong smart parking systems market, by off-street parking, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.4.13.6 Hong Kong smart parking systems market, by application, 2018 - 2028
    • 9.4.14 Vietnam
      • 9.4.14.1 Vietnam smart parking systems market, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.4.14.2 Vietnam smart parking systems market, by hardware, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.4.14.3 Vietnam smart parking systems market, by software, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.4.14.4 Vietnam smart parking systems market, by service, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.4.14.5 Vietnam smart parking systems market, by type, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.4.14.5.1 Vietnam smart parking systems market, by off-street parking, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.4.14.6 Vietnam smart parking systems market, by application, 2018 - 2028
    • 9.4.15 Indonesia
      • 9.4.15.1 Indonesia smart parking systems market, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.4.15.2 Indonesia smart parking systems market, by hardware, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.4.15.3 Indonesia smart parking systems market, by software, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.4.15.4 Indonesia smart parking systems market, by service, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.4.15.5 Indonesia smart parking systems market, by type, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.4.15.5.1 Indonesia smart parking systems market, by off-street parking, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.4.15.6 Indonesia smart parking systems market, by application, 2018 - 2028
    • 9.4.16 Australia
      • 9.4.16.1 Australia smart parking systems market, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.4.16.2 Australia smart parking systems market, by hardware, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.4.16.3 Australia smart parking systems market, by software, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.4.16.4 Australia smart parking systems market, by service, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.4.16.5 Australia smart parking systems market, by type, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.4.16.5.1 Australia smart parking systems market, by off-street parking, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.4.16.6 Australia smart parking systems market, by application, 2018 - 2028
  • 9.5 Latin America
    • 9.5.1 Latin America smart parking systems market, 2018 - 2028
    • 9.5.2 Latin America smart parking systems market, by hardware, 2018 - 2028
    • 9.5.3 Latin America smart parking systems market, by software, 2018 - 2028
    • 9.5.4 Latin America smart parking systems market, by service, 2018 - 2028
    • 9.5.5 Latin America smart parking systems market, by type, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.5.5.1 Latin America smart parking systems market, by off-street parking, 2018 - 2028
    • 9.5.6 Latin America smart parking systems market, by application, 2018 - 2028
    • 9.5.7 Brazil
      • 9.5.7.1 Brazil smart parking systems market, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.5.7.2 Brazil smart parking systems market, by hardware, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.5.7.3 Brazil smart parking systems market, by software, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.5.7.4 Brazil smart parking systems market, by service, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.5.7.5 Brazil smart parking systems market, by type, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.5.7.5.1 Brazil smart parking systems market, by off-street parking, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.5.7.6 Brazil smart parking systems market, by application, 2018 - 2028
  • 9.6 MEA
    • 9.6.1 MEA smart parking systems market, 2018 - 2028
    • 9.6.2 MEA smart parking systems market, by hardware, 2018 - 2028
    • 9.6.3 MEA smart parking systems market, by software, 2018 - 2028
    • 9.6.4 MEA smart parking systems market, by service, 2018 - 2028
    • 9.6.5 MEA smart parking systems market, by type, 2018 - 2028
      • 9.6.5.1 MEA smart parking systems market, by off-street parking, 2018 - 2028
    • 9.6.6 MEA smart parking systems market, by application, 2018 - 2028

Chapter 10 Competitive Landscape

  • 10.1 Altiux Innovations
    • 10.1.1 Company overview
    • 10.1.2 Financial performance
    • 10.1.3 Product benchmarking
    • 10.1.4 Strategic initiatives
  • 10.2 Amano McGann, Inc.
    • 10.2.1 Company overview
    • 10.2.2 Financial performance
    • 10.2.3 Product benchmarking
    • 10.2.4 Strategic initiatives
  • 10.3 Amco S.A.
    • 10.4.1 Company overview
    • 10.4.2 Financial performance
    • 10.4.3 Product benchmarking
    • 10.4.4 Strategic initiatives
  • 10.4 BMW AG (ParkNow GmbH, Parkmobile LLC)
    • 10.4.1 Company overview
    • 10.4.2 Financial performance
    • 10.4.3 Product benchmarking
    • 10.4.4 Strategic initiatives
  • 10.5 Cisco Systems, Inc.
    • 10.5.1 Company overview
    • 10.5.2 Financial performance
    • 10.5.3 Product benchmarking
    • 10.5.4 Strategic initiatives
  • 10.6 CivicSmart, Inc.
    • 10.6.1 Company overview
    • 10.6.2 Financial performance
    • 10.6.3 Product benchmarking
    • 10.6.4 Strategic initiatives
  • 10.7 Deteq Solutions
    • 10.7.1 Company overview
    • 10.7.2 Financial performance
    • 10.7.3 Product benchmarking
    • 10.7.4 Strategic initiatives
  • 10.8 gtechna
    • 10.8.1 Company overview
    • 10.8.2 Financial performance
    • 10.8.3 Product benchmarking
    • 10.8.4 Strategic initiatives
  • 10.9 INDECT Electronics & Distribution GmbH
    • 10.9.1 Company overview
    • 10.9.2 Financial performance
    • 10.9.3 Product benchmarking
    • 10.9.4 Strategic initiatives
  • 10.10 Kapsch TrafficCom
    • 10.10.1 Company overview
    • 10.10.2 Financial performance
    • 10.10.3 Product benchmarking
    • 10.10.4 Strategic initiatives
  • 10.11 Libelium Comunicaciones Distribuidas S.L.
    • 10.11.1 Company overview
    • 10.11.2 Financial performance
    • 10.11.3 Product benchmarking
    • 10.11.4 Strategic initiatives
  • 10.12 Meter Feeder, Inc.
    • 10.12.1 Company overview
    • 10.12.2 Financial performance
    • 10.12.3 Product benchmarking
    • 10.12.4 Strategic initiatives
  • 10.13 Mindteck
    • 10.13.1 Company overview
    • 10.13.2 Financial performance
    • 10.13.3 Product benchmarking
    • 10.13.4 Strategic initiatives
  • 10.14 Municipal Parking Services, Inc.
    • 10.14.1 Company overview
    • 10.14.2 Financial performance
    • 10.14.3 Product benchmarking
    • 10.14.4 Strategic initiatives
  • 10.15 Nedap N.V.
    • 10.15.1 Company overview
    • 10.15.2 Financial performance
    • 10.15.3 Product benchmarking
    • 10.15.4 Strategic initiatives
  • 10.16 Park Assist
    • 10.16.1 Company overview
    • 10.16.2 Financial performance
    • 10.16.3 Product benchmarking
    • 10.16.4 Strategic initiatives
  • 10.17 Flowbird
    • 10.17.1 Company overview
    • 10.17.2 Financial performance
    • 10.17.3 Product benchmarking
    • 10.17.4 Strategic initiatives
  • 10.18 ParkHelp Technologies
    • 10.18.1 Company overview
    • 10.18.2 Financial performance
    • 10.18.3 Product benchmarking
    • 10.18.4 Strategic initiatives
  • 10.19 ParkJockey
    • 10.19.1 Company overview
    • 10.19.2 Financial performance
    • 10.19.3 Product benchmarking
    • 10.19.4 Strategic initiatives
  • 10.20 ParkMe Inc.
    • 10.20.1 Company overview
    • 10.20.2 Financial performance
    • 10.20.3 Product benchmarking
    • 10.20.4 Strategic initiatives
  • 10.21 Robert Bosch GmbH
    • 10.21.1 Company overview
    • 10.21.2 Financial performance
    • 10.21.3 Product benchmarking
    • 10.21.4 Strategic initiatives
  • 10.22 Siemens AG
    • 10.22.1 Company overview
    • 10.22.2 Financial performance
    • 10.22.3 Product benchmarking
    • 10.22.4 Strategic initiatives
  • 10.23 SKIDATA AG
    • 10.23.1 Company overview
    • 10.23.2 Financial performance
    • 10.23.3 Product benchmarking
    • 10.23.4 Strategic initiatives
  • 10.24 Smart Parking Ltd.
    • 10.24.1 Company overview
    • 10.24.2 Financial performance
    • 10.24.3 Product benchmarking
    • 10.24.4 Strategic initiatives
  • 10.25 SpotHero, Inc.
    • 10.25.1 Company overview
    • 10.25.2 Financial performance
    • 10.25.3 Product benchmarking
    • 10.25.4 Strategic initiatives
  • 10.26 Swarco AG
    • 10.26.1 Company overview
    • 10.26.2 Financial performance
    • 10.26.3 Product benchmarking
    • 10.26.4 Strategic initiatives
  • 10.27 Urbiotica, S.L.
    • 10.27.1 Company overview
    • 10.27.2 Financial performance
    • 10.27.3 Product benchmarking
    • 10.27.4 Strategic initiatives

List of Tables

  • TABLE 1 Smart parking systems market - Industry snapshot & key buying criteria, 2018 - 2028
  • TABLE 2 Global smart parking systems market, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 3 Global smart parking systems market, by region, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 4 Global smart parking systems market, by component, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 5 Global smart parking systems market, by hardware, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 6 Global smart parking systems market, by software, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 7 Global smart parking systems market, by service, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 8 Global smart parking systems market, by type, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 9 Global smart parking systems market, by off-street parking, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 10 Global smart parking systems market, by application, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 11 Key companies operating across the value chain
  • TABLE 12 Key industry stakeholders
  • TABLE 13 Vendor landscape
  • TABLE 14 Estimated time wasted in traffic
  • TABLE 15 Incidents due to lack of precision of vehicle detection components
  • TABLE 16 Number of parking spaces by region, 2020
  • TABLE 17 Average daily price (fee) for parking, 2018 - 2020 (USD)
  • TABLE 18 Monthly parking fee, 2018 - 2020 (USD)
  • TABLE 19 Smart parking pucks (wireless sensors) market, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 20 Smart parking pucks (wireless sensors) market, by region, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 21 Smart parking cameras and LPRs market, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 22 Smart parking cameras and LPRs market, by region, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 23 Smart parking meters market, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 24 Smart parking meters market, by region, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 25 Smart parking signage market, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 26 Smart parking signage market, by region, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 27 Smart parking gates market, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 28 Smart parking gates market, by region, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 29 Smart parking guidance system market, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 30 Smart parking guidance system market, by region, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 31 Smart parking analytics solutions market, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 32 Smart parking analytics solutions market, by region, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 33 Smart parking systems consulting service market, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 34 Smart parking systems consulting service market, by region, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 35 Smart parking systems engineering service market, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 36 Smart parking systems engineering service market, by region, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 37 Smart parking systems mobile app parking service market, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 38 Smart parking systems mobile app parking service market, by region, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 39 On-street smart parking systems market, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 40 On-street smart parking systems market, by region, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 41 Off-street smart parking systems market, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 42 Off-street smart parking systems market, by region, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 43 Garage smart parking systems market, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 44 Garage smart parking systems market, by region, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 45 Lot smart parking systems market, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 46 Lot smart parking systems market, by region, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 47 Smart parking systems market in commercial applications, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 48 Smart parking systems market in commercial applications, by region, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 49 Smart parking systems market in government applications, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 50 Smart parking systems market in government applications, by region, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 51 Smart parking systems market in transport transit applications, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 52 Smart parking systems market in transport transit applications, by region, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 53 North America smart parking systems market, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 54 North America smart parking systems market, by hardware, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 55 North America smart parking systems market, by software, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 56 North America smart parking systems market, by service, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 57 North America smart parking systems market, by type, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 58 North America smart parking systems market, by off-street parking, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 59 North America smart parking systems market, by application, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 60 U.S. smart parking systems market, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 61 U.S. smart parking systems market, by hardware, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 62 U.S. smart parking systems market, by software, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 63 U.S. smart parking systems market, by service, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 64 U.S. smart parking systems market, by type, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 65 U.S. smart parking systems market, by off-street parking, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 66 U.S. smart parking systems market, by application, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 67 Canada smart parking systems market, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 68 Canada smart parking systems market, by hardware, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 69 Canada smart parking systems market, by software, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 70 Canada smart parking systems market, by service, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 71 Canada smart parking systems market, by type, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 72 Canada smart parking systems market, by off-street parking, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 73 Canada smart parking systems market, by application, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 74 Europe smart parking systems market, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 75 Europe smart parking systems market, by hardware, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 76 Europe smart parking systems market, by software, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 77 Europe smart parking systems market, by service, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 78 Europe smart parking systems market, by type, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 79 Europe smart parking systems market, by off-street parking, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 80 Europe smart parking systems market, by application, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 81 Germany smart parking systems market, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 82 Germany smart parking systems market, by hardware, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 83 Germany smart parking systems market, by software, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 84 Germany smart parking systems market, by service, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 85 Germany smart parking systems market, by type, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 86 Germany smart parking systems market, by off-street parking, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 87 Germany smart parking systems market, by application, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 88 U.K. smart parking systems market, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 89 U.K. smart parking systems market, by hardware, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 90 U.K. smart parking systems market, by software, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 91 U.K. smart parking systems market, by service, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 92 U.K. smart parking systems market, by type, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 93 U.K. smart parking systems market, by off-street parking, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 94 U.K. smart parking systems market, by application, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 95 Asia Pacific smart parking systems market, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 96 Asia Pacific smart parking systems market, by hardware, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 97 Asia Pacific smart parking systems market, by software, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 98 Asia Pacific smart parking systems market, by service, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 99 Asia Pacific smart parking systems market, by type, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 100 Asia Pacific smart parking systems market, by off-street parking, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 101 Asia Pacific smart parking systems market, by application, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 102 China smart parking systems market, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 103 China smart parking systems market, by hardware, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 104 China smart parking systems market, by software, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 105 China smart parking systems market, by service, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 106 China smart parking systems market, by type, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 107 China smart parking systems market, by off-street parking, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 108 China smart parking systems market, by application, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 109 India smart parking systems market, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 110 India smart parking systems market, by hardware, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 111 India smart parking systems market, by software, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 112 India smart parking systems market, by service, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 113 India smart parking systems market, by type, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 114 India smart parking systems market, by off-street parking, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 115 India smart parking systems market, by application, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 116 Japan smart parking systems market, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 117 Japan smart parking systems market, by hardware, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 118 Japan smart parking systems market, by software, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 119 Japan smart parking systems market, by service, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 120 Japan smart parking systems market, by type, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 121 Japan smart parking systems market, by off-street parking, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 122 Japan smart parking systems market, by application, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 123 Singapore smart parking systems market, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 124 Singapore smart parking systems market, by hardware, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 125 Singapore smart parking systems market, by software, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 126 Singapore smart parking systems market, by service, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 127 Singapore smart parking systems market, by type, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 128 Singapore smart parking systems market, by off-street parking, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 129 Singapore smart parking systems market, by application, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 130 Thailand smart parking systems market, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 131 Thailand smart parking systems market, by hardware, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 132 Thailand smart parking systems market, by software, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 133 Thailand smart parking systems market, by service, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 134 Thailand smart parking systems market, by type, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 135 Thailand smart parking systems market, by off-street parking, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 136 Thailand smart parking systems market, by application, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 137 Philippines smart parking systems market, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 138 Philippines smart parking systems market, by hardware, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 139 Philippines smart parking systems market, by software, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 140 Philippines smart parking systems market, by service, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 141 Philippines smart parking systems market, by type, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 142 Philippines smart parking systems market, by off-street parking, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 143 Philippines smart parking systems market, by application, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 144 Hong Kong smart parking systems market, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 145 Hong Kong smart parking systems market, by hardware, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 146 Hong Kong smart parking systems market, by software, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 147 Hong Kong smart parking systems market, by service, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 148 Hong Kong smart parking systems market, by type, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 149 Hong Kong smart parking systems market, by off-street parking, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 150 Hong Kong smart parking systems market, by application, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 151 Vietnam smart parking systems market, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 152 Vietnam smart parking systems market, by hardware, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 153 Vietnam smart parking systems market, by software, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 154 Vietnam smart parking systems market, by service, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 155 Vietnam smart parking systems market, by type, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 156 Vietnam smart parking systems market, by off-street parking, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 157 Vietnam smart parking systems market, by application, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 158 Indonesia smart parking systems market, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 159 Indonesia smart parking systems market, by hardware, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 160 Indonesia smart parking systems market, by software, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 161 Indonesia smart parking systems market, by service, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 162 Indonesia smart parking systems market, by type, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 163 Indonesia smart parking systems market, by off-street parking, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 164 Indonesia smart parking systems market, by application, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 165 Australia smart parking systems market, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 166 Australia smart parking systems market, by hardware, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 167 Australia smart parking systems market, by software, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 168 Australia smart parking systems market, by service, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 169 Australia smart parking systems market, by type, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 170 Australia smart parking systems market, by off-street parking, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 171 Australia smart parking systems market, by application, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 172 Latin America smart parking systems market, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 173 Latin America smart parking systems market, by hardware, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 174 Latin America smart parking systems market, by software, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 175 Latin America smart parking systems market, by service, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 176 Latin America smart parking systems market, by type, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 177 Latin America smart parking systems market, by off-street parking, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 178 Latin America smart parking systems market, by application, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 179 Brazil smart parking systems market, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 180 Brazil smart parking systems market, by hardware, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 181 Brazil smart parking systems market, by software, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 182 Brazil smart parking systems market, by service, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 183 Brazil smart parking systems market, by type, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 184 Brazil smart parking systems market, by off-street parking, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 185 Brazil smart parking systems market, by application, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 186 MEA smart parking systems market, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 187 MEA smart parking systems market, by hardware, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 188 MEA smart parking systems market, by software, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 189 MEA smart parking systems market, by service, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 190 MEA smart parking systems market, by type, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 191 MEA smart parking systems market, by off-street parking, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • TABLE 192 MEA smart parking systems market, by application, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)

List of Figures

  • FIG. 1 Market segmentation and scope
  • FIG. 2 Global smart parking systems market, 2018 - 2028 (USD Million)
  • FIG. 3 Smart parking systems market - Value chain analysis
  • FIG. 4 Smart parking systems market - Workflow analysis
  • FIG. 5 Smart parking systems market - Market dynamics
  • FIG. 6 Smart parking systems market - Key market driver impact
  • FIG. 7 Smart parking systems market - Key market challenge impact
  • FIG. 8 Key opportunities prioritized
  • FIG. 9 Smart parking systems market - Porter's five forces analysis
  • FIG. 10 Smart parking systems market - Key company ranking analysis, 2020
  • FIG. 11 Smart parking systems market - PESTEL analysis
  • FIG. 12 Capital and SaaS business model analysis
  • FIG. 13 Smart parking systems market, by hardware, 2020
  • FIG. 14 Smart parking systems market, by software, 2020
  • FIG. 15 Smart parking systems market, by service, 2020
  • FIG. 16 Smart parking systems market, by type, 2020
  • FIG. 17 Smart parking systems market, by application, 2020
  • FIG. 18 Smart parking systems market, by region, 2020
  • FIG. 19 Smart parking systems market - Regional takeaways
  • FIG. 20 North America smart parking systems market - Key takeaways
  • FIG. 21 Europe smart parking systems market - Key takeaways
  • FIG. 22 Asia Pacific smart parking systems market - Key takeaways
  • FIG. 23 Asia Pacific smart parking systems market - Key takeaways
  • FIG. 24 Asia Pacific smart parking systems market - Key takeaways
  • FIG. 25 Latin America smart parking systems market - Key takeaways
  • FIG. 26 MEA smart parking systems market - Key takeaways