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市场调查报告书

CHP及燃料电池 2016-2026年:成长机会、市场、预测

CHP and Fuel Cells 2016-2026: Growth Opportunities, Markets and Forecast

出版商 Greentech Media Inc. 商品编码 358075
出版日期 内容资讯 英文
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CHP及燃料电池 2016-2026年:成长机会、市场、预测 CHP and Fuel Cells 2016-2026: Growth Opportunities, Markets and Forecast
出版日期: 2016年05月19日内容资讯: 英文
简介

CHP (热电联产) 及燃料电池不仅是大型的商业、工业设施,比小规模的商业设施可提供更大的电网效率、调度电源的重要来源。CHP、燃料电池对美国国家整体的发电容量有8%贡献。

本报告提供美国的CHP、燃料电池市场相关调查,显示成长的应用、市场分析,各州前几名的市场,市场障碍,供应商简介及预测,包含新的环境指令详细内容等,为您概述为以下内容。

第1章 简介

  • 燃料为基础的DG (分散式发电) 技术
  • 热电联产 (汽电共生)
  • 热机
  • 燃料电池
  • 燃料为基础的DG选择比较

第2章 市场概要

第3章 目前燃料为基础的DG市场

  • 整体规模
  • 发展的典型性的规模
  • 网站、应用选择的重要性
  • 终端用户的引进的契机
  • 奖励所扮演的角色
  • 主要的美国市场、应用

第4章 市场课题

  • 互相连接、网路电表规格
  • 调整性的缺乏
  • 基本的成本、费用、经济学
  • 基本的成本接连客户的负担
  • 公用事业收费结构带给经济学整体影响
  • 销售循环动态

第5章 市场机会

  • 简介
  • 有利的价格趋势
  • 技术、燃料创新改善经济
  • 电网复苏力、微电网
  • 干净电力计划

第6章 供应商的生态系统

  • 设备厂商
  • 地区服务供应商
  • 创业投资、公共投资、M&A活动

第7章 供应商简介

  • CHP厂商及完全承包契约供应商
  • 燃料电池厂商

第8章 市场预测

  • 资料
  • 市场预测
  • 基本案例方案
  • 提高侧面方案

第9章 结论

图表清单

目录

CHP and fuel cells provide an important source of efficient and dispatchable power not only for large commercial and industrial facilities, but also for smaller commercial facilities and the greater grid. They were responsible for 8% of all U.S. generation capacity in 2015.

CHP capacity alone represents more than 3 times the capacity that solar provides to the U.S., and its 83 GW dwarfs the 2 GW of installed microgrid capacity. Traditional heat engines have proven financial returns as a robust and efficient generation solution for over 50 years, while more innovative fuel cell solutions continue to improve project economics driven by $1.75 billion in investment since 2010.

Cumulative CHP Capacity Growth by Application Type in the U.S.

                     Source: GTM Research

Despite the significant adoption base and investment dollars, the market for fuel-based DG solutions has seemingly stagnated in the last decade. This new report challenges the continuation of this trend, exploring the applications and markets where CHP and fuel cells are showing growth, as well as the reasons why the market may be diverging. It identifies the top state markets, details existing hurdles, profiles the vendor landscape and provides a forecast through 2026. The report also details emerging environmental mandates like the clean power plan and the evolution of state incentives and standards, all of which have the potential to significantly reignite this market.

Vendor Profiles:

  • Aegis Energy Services
  • Bloom Energy
  • Doosan Fuel Cell America
  • ENER-G Rudox
  • Exelon/Constellation
  • Fuel Cell Energy
  • General Electric
  • IntelliGen Systems
  • MTU Onsite Energy
  • NRG dGen
  • Tecogen

SAMPLE FIGURES

Top Fuel Cell Applications in Major U.S. State Markets

                     Source: GTM Research

CHP and Fuel Cell Investment by Type

                     Source: GTM Research

Table of Contents

1. Introduction

  • Fuel-Based DG Technologies
  • Combined Heat and Power (Cogeneration)
  • Heat Engines
  • Fuel Cells
  • Comparing Fuel-Based DG Options

2. Market Overview

  • Fuel-Based DG Technologies
  • Combined Heat and Power (Cogeneration)
  • Heat Engines
  • Fuel Cells
  • Comparing Fuel-Based DG Options

3. The Fuel-Based DG Market Today

  • Overall Scale
  • Typical Magnitude of Deployment
  • Importance of Choosing Sites and Applications
  • End User Triggers for Adoption
  • Role of Incentives
  • Top US Markets and Applications

4. Market Challenges

  • Interconnection and Net Metering Standards
  • Lack of Consistency
  • Underlying Costs, Rates and Economics
  • Underlying Costs Continue to be a Burden on Customers
  • Utility Rate Structures Impact Overall Economics
  • Sales Cycle Dynamics

5. Market Opportunities

  • Introduction
  • Favorable Pricing Trends
  • Improved Economics through Technology and Fuel Innovation
  • Grid Resiliency and Microgrids
  • The Clean Power Plan

6. Vendor Ecosystem

  • Equipment Manufacturers
  • Regional Service Vendors
  • Venture Capital, Public Investment and M&A Activity

7. Vendor Profiles

  • CHP Manufacturers and Turnkey Providers
  • Fuel Cell Manufactures

8. Market Forecast

  • Inputs
  • Market Forecast
  • Base Case Scenario
  • Upside Scenario

9. Conclusion

List of Figures

1. Introduction

2. Market Overview

  • Components of a CHP System
  • Types of Heat Engines
  • Types of Fuel Cells, Power Range and Primary Applications
  • Stationary Use Fuel Cell Types
  • Stationary Use Fuel Cell Market Shares and Primary Vendors in the US
  • Cost and Features Comparison by Prime Mover

3. Fuel-Based DG Market Today

  • Three Historic Phases of CHP Growth
  • Cumulative CHP Capacity Growth by Application Type in the US
  • CHP Capacity Requirements Vary by Application and Prime Mover Type Examples
  • Market Installation Rates by CHP Type (2015)
  • Breakdown of Industrial CHP Deployments
  • Stationary Fuel Cell Installations in the US - by Site/Application (as of April 2015)
  • Economic Comparison between a Natural Gas Boiler vs. CHP system
  • CHP Incentive Mechanisms
  • Federal Incentive Tax Credit for CHP Systems
  • State Level Incentives - Portfolio Standards
  • Renewable and Alternative Energy Portfolio Standards by State
  • Energy Efficiency Standards by State
  • Incentive Levels for Eligible Technologies (2013 and 2015)
  • Levelized Cost Analysis for CHP Systems, by Type
  • California SGIP Funded Capacity (2001-2015)
  • Example of CHP Incentive Pay Out Schedule
  • Top 10 CHP Markets in the US
  • Top 5 Fuel Cell Markets in the US
  • Concentration of CHP Applications, by State
  • Top CHP Applications in Major US States
  • Top Fuel Cell Applications in Major US States
  • Share of CHP Deployments by Size, By Year
  • Share of CHP Installations is Growing for Non-Industrial Applications (2005-2015)
  • Share of CHP Capacity (New and Cumulative) from Non-Industrial Applications
  • Growth in CHP Deployments by Sector, Since 1980 (Growth multiple of 1980 Level)
  • Growth of CHP deployments by sector - Growth multiple (1980-2015)
  • Fuel Cell Capacity by Sector (2002-2015)
  • Stationary Fuel Cell Installations - Top 10 Sites by Cumulative Size

4. Market Challenges

  • Sizing CHP Systems to Achieve Maximum Efficiency
  • CHP Project Development Process
  • Detailed Utility CHP Interconnection Process
  • DG Project Installation Sequence from Utility Perspective
  • DG Interconnection Standards by State
  • Maximum System Size for a State Interconnection Standard
  • Fuel-Based DG Net Metering States
  • Net Metering System Size Limits (kW)
  • CHP System Implementation Cost Breakdown
  • CHP Adoption Hurdles
  • Oregon vs. Massachusetts - CHP Economics Inclusive of Utility Rate Structure
  • Overall Project Timelines, from Sales to Deployment

5. Market Opportunities

  • CHP as a Percentage of National Generating Capacity (G8 Countries)
  • Natural Gas Price Forecast
  • ISO-NE Example of Rising Peak-to-Average Demand
  • California Duck Curve
  • Evolution of Resilience Investments
  • CHP System Configuration for Critical Load Back-Up Capabilities
  • Cost and Benefit of Configuring a CHP System for Back-Up Capacity
  • Microgrids Efforts that Address Resiliency Needs
  • State Carbon Reduction Goals
  • Annual Energy Savings Comparison between 10MW CHP vs. 10MW Solar/Wind
  • Utility Measures that can Promote CHP Adoption

6. Vendor Ecosystem

  • CHP Implementation Options for End-User
  • Fuel-based DG Equipment Manufacturers
  • Stationary Fuel Cell Manufacturers and System Sizes
  • Regional DG Service Providers
  • CHP and Fuel Cell M&A Activity
  • M&A Activity in the Fuel-Based DG Space (2010-2016)
  • Total Funding by Fuel Cell and CHP Company
  • CHP and Fuel Cell Investment by Type
  • CHP and Fuel Cell Investment and Funding, 2010-2016

8. Market Forecast

  • Triggers for market adoption ups and downs since 1980
  • Fuel-Based DG Cumulative Capacity (MW) and CAGR
  • CHP and Fuel Cell Market Forecast (US)
  • Market Forecast: New Capacity Additions by Type (2015-2026)
  • Upside 10-Year Market Forecast for Fuel-Based DG Capacity

9. Conclusion

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