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市场调查报告书

行动回程网路规划、工程检讨及市场潜在性

Mobile Backhaul Planning & Engineering Considerations and Market Potential

出版商 Information Gatekeepers Inc. 商品编码 296316
出版日期 内容信息 英文
商品交期: 最快1-2个工作天内
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行动回程网路规划、工程检讨及市场潜在性 Mobile Backhaul Planning & Engineering Considerations and Market Potential
出版日期: 2014年02月19日 内容信息: 英文
简介

在美国成人有87%拥有行动电话,不过流量以创记录的速度继续成长。现在有许多人拥有复数个行动电话设备,这个趋势增加了。2013年的行动装置(电话,平板计算机,笔记型计算机等)拥有数,预计将超过世界人口。目前美国的行动流量,2000年成为全网际网路流量的12倍。行动数据流量在2012年增加70%。

本报告提供回程传输的规划及工程相关整体概要、行动电话产业的市场潜在性相关的预测、行动装置成长的统计与预测、北美市场为中心手机产业的市场潜在性、各种回程传输的检讨、回程传输的通用架构和行动电话架构的直接利用、流量检讨事项及主要回程传输设备供应商的清单等汇整数据,为您概述为以下内容。

简介

主要的美国行动电话电信业者的市场潜在性

  • 行动装置:预测

主要的美国行动电话电信业者的市场潜在性

  • 全球行动企业
  • 用户数:各主要电信业者、北美 - 预测

行动装置销售的市场潜在性:各制造厂商的预测

  • 美国的有效行动装置预测
  • 全球设备销售额 - 实际
  • 美国的设备销售额 - 实际与预测

回程传输的种类

  • 微波无线
  • 其他无线替代品
  • 铜对心缆线
  • 光纤对心缆线

回程传输的架构

  • 来自/对网路的连接
  • 行动交换局(MSU)
  • 塔连接 - 回程传输
  • 设备连接的塔
  • 行动频率的历史
  • 目前利用 - 美国
  • 行动电话设备
  • OS

回程传输应用状况

  • 绿色 - 未开发领域
  • 未开发领域

流量检讨事项

  • 流量的利用 - 预测
  • 美国的流量预测
  • 网路上的行动流量

工程检讨事项

  • 「软件」检讨事项
  • 「硬」检讨事项
  • 成本的问题
  • 先进专题
    • 服务台大厅
    • FTTA

回程传输硬件设备的制造商取样调查

附录I:美国的手机业者

附录II:流量统计相关

附录III:数据流量的基本

图表清单

目录

The popular vision of the mobile industry (beyond the devices) is one of cell towers, but the backbone of the industry is backhaul! Backhaul is the connection of every cell site to the network. Without backhaul, the cell sites are useless.

The word backhaul is somewhat misleading, as it brings up thoughts of double hauling of traffic. This of course is not the case. Backhaul is simply the name applied to the connection to the network. Backhaul has been around much longer than the cellular industry. It is the connection from any point of concentration (cell site, voice switch/concentrator, data switch/router, etc.) to the network. It is the facility that connects to the line side of the router. It is the facility that connects to the network side of a switch.

The cellular industry has grown from almost nothing in the last two decades to the most dominate communications service/technology in the world. However, as the forecasts in this report clearly show, that growth is far from over. Just to put the deluge of mobile devices in perspective here are some statistics:

  • 87% of American adults own cell phones, but traffic continues to grow at a record pace, and many individuals now own multiple cellular devices and that is a growing trend.
  • Over have of these are Smart Phones.
  • It is estimated that in 2013 the number of owned mobile devices (phones, tablets, laptops, etc) exceeded the World's population.
  • US mobile traffic is now 12 times the traffic on the entire Internet in 2000.
  • Mobile data traffic grew 70% in 2012.

The traffic growth on mobile devices continues (in addition to the growth in raw numbers of devices and the movement from just phones to much more capable - and more data hungry - smartphones) as the devices have first embraced high data usage and now are embracing video delivery.

This report is a guideline for considerations for planning and engineering backhaul, as well as forecasts for the cellular industry market potential. It will provide a useful tool for anyone (novice to engineer in the field) to understanding the complexities and choices in planning and engineering a vast variety of telecommunications projects. It will also be invaluable as a guide to the growth that has occurred and is forecast to continue for the cellular industry. While the report is primarily aimed at the cellular industry, it is also intended as a guide for all types of projects requiring a connection to the network.

The report starts with a statistical view of the growth of mobile devices, with forecasts. The next several sections deal with the market potential of the cellular industry with an emphasis on the North American market, but also with information from worldwide sources. It then moves to a review of the various types of backhaul, i.e., facilities that can be used for backhaul. Next is a discussion of the general architecture of backhaul and its direct application to cellular architecture. The next section describes the various application scenarios that may require backhaul. Then there is a more detailed section on traffic considerations, and a very detailed discussion of the various engineering considerations in applying backhaul, (including cost and cost trade-off scenarios) with emphasis on the responsibilities of the backhaul engineer.

The last section lists a sampling of vendors of backhaul equipment. The Appendixes provide detailed information on the traffic engineering concepts referenced in the report.

Report Author

This report was written by Clifford R. Holliday, the author of the highly popular Lightwave series of reports from Information Gatekeepers. He has long been associated with forecasting technology issues. Mr. Holliday spent over 30 years at GTE where he was VP in charge of Technology Planning in Business Planning. Since then he has run his own telecom consulting business (B&C Consulting Services) which provides network development and telecom business planning services to selected clients, and he has published over forty major market and technical reports through Information Gatekeepers. He has been involved with the cellular industry since the beginning, assisting the original team that first built the Verizon (then GTE) cellular network in the early 1980's.

Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS

TABLE OF FIGURES

THE LIGHTWAVE NETWORK SERIES OF REPORTS

The Lightwave Network

The Lightwave Series of Reports

  • General Reports on the Network
  • General Market Reports
  • Specific Systems Reports

INTRODUCTION

MARKET POTENTIAL OF MAJOR US CELLULAR CARRIERS

  • Mobile Devices - Forecast

MARKET POTENTIAL OF MAJOR US CELLULAR CARRIERS

  • Worldwide Mobile Companies
  • Subscribers by Major Carriers, North America - Forecast

MARKET POTENTIAL OF MOBILE DEVICE SALES - FORECAST BY MANUFACTURER

Forecast for Active US Mobile Devices

World Device Sales - Actual

US Device Sales - Actual and Forecast

TYPES OF BACKHAUL

Types

  • Microwave Radio
  • Other Radio Alternatives
  • Copper Cable Pairs
  • Fiber Cable Pairs

BACKHAUL ARCHITECTURE

  • Link to/from Network
  • Mobile Switching Office (MSU)
  • Tower Connection - Backhaul
  • Tower
  • Tower to Device Connection
  • History of Mobile Frequencies
  • Current Usage - US
  • Cellular Device
  • Operating System

Non-Mobile Backhaul

Mobile Traffic on the Network

BACKHAUL APPLICATION SCENARIOS

"Green - Green Field"

Greenfield

Infrastructure Present

TRAFFIC CONSIDERATIONS

  • Traffic Per Use - Forecast

United States Traffic Forecast

  • Mobile Traffic on the Network

ENGINEERING CONSIDERATIONS

"Soft" Considerations

"Hard" Considerations

  • Traffic sizing
  • Transmission design
  • Facility spares
  • Maintenance spares
  • Secondary communications:
  • Emergency Power
  • Testing and Maintenance:
  • Safety and the Environment:
  • Permitting:

Cost Issues

Advanced Topics

  • Fronthaul
  • FTTA

A SAMPLING OF MANUFACTURES OF BACKHAUL HARDWARE

System Vendor Listing

  • Adva Optical Networking
  • Alcatel-Lucent
  • Cisco
  • ECI
  • Ericsson
  • Fujitsu
  • Infinera
  • Mahi Networks (formerly Photuris) - Meriton - Now Xtera
  • Marconi Corporation plc (Ericsson)
  • Meriton Networks
  • Movaz Networks (ADVA)
  • NEC America Inc.
  • Nistica
  • Nokia Siemens (NSN)
  • Nortel (Now dissolved)
  • OpVista Inc.
  • Tellabs
  • Tropic Networks (Alcatel-Lucent)
  • ZTE

APPENDIX I - US MOBILE OPERATORS

APPENDIX II, TRAFFIC STATISTICS RELATIONSHIPS

APPENDIX III, DATA TRAFFIC FUNDAMENTALS

Internet Traffic Calculations

  • Bits and Bytes
  • Transfer Rate
  • Busy Hour Traffic
  • Protocol Efficiencies
  • Peaking

Table of Figures

  • Figure 1, Lightwave Network
  • Figure 2, Theoretical Traffic Equation
  • Figure 3, Practical Traffic Equation
  • Figure 4, Forecast for US Active Mobile Devices
  • Figure 5, Forecast for US Active Mobile Devices - Table Form
  • Figure 6, Worlds Largest Mobile Phone Companies by Mobile Revenue
  • Figure 7, Subscribers by Carrier - Forecast
  • Figure 8, Subscribers by Carrier Forecast - Table
  • Figure 9, Forecast for US Active Mobile Devices
  • Figure 10, Worldwide Device Sales 2011 -2012
  • Figure 11, Forecast of US Device Sales
  • Figure 12, Forecast of US Device Sales - Table
  • Figure 13, Mobile Service Access Architecture
  • Figure 14, Technologies and Frequencies
  • Figure 15, Current Licenses - US
  • Figure 16, Non-Mobile Backhaul Examples
  • Figure 17, Mobile Network Access
  • Figure 18, Practical Traffic Equation
  • Figure 19, Traffic per use Forecast - United States Mobile Devices
  • Figure 20, Traffic per use Forecast - United States Mobile Devices- Table
  • Figure 21, United States Mobile Traffic Forecast
  • Figure 22, United States Mobile Traffic Forecast - Table
  • Figure 23, Mobile Network Access
  • Figure 24, Dilemma of Wireline vs. Wireless
  • Figure 25, Backhaul Cost Assumptions
  • Figure 26, Cash Flow Chart
  • Figure 27, Combinations of Wireless, Leased and Built Fiber
  • Figure 28: Traffic/Speed Relationships
  • Figure 29: Example of Various Traffic Sizes
  • Figure 30, Multiples of Byte
  • Figure 31: New Transfer Rate Forecast
  • Figure 32: Summary of Concepts
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